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Chapter 1. Contours and Form. Definition. Constructing a Section. Contour Signatures and Landform. Characteristics of Contour Lines. Exercises. Chapter 2. Interpolation and Slope. Topographic Data. Interpolation. Calculating Slope. Slopes Expressed as Ratios and Degrees. Exercises. Chapter 3. Slope Formula Application. Slope Analysis. Slopes for Surface Drainage. Terrace Grading. Path Layout with a Maximum Gradient. Grading of Roads. Grading by Proportion. Visualizing Topography from Contour Lines. Swales to Divert Runoff. Exercises. Chapter 4. Grading Constraints. Environmental Constraints. Functional Constraints. Summary of Critical Constraints. Exercises. Chapter 5: Grading Design and Process. Grading Design. Grade Change Devices. Grading Process. Applying the Grading Process. Grading Plan Graphics. Exercises. Chapter 6. Soils in Construction. Introduction. Role of Soil in Site Planning. Implications of Soils to Site Construction. Geotechnical Exploration and Soil Investigation. Soil Characteristics. Soil Classification. Engineering Properties of Soil. Structural Soils. Geotextiles. Construction Sequence for Grading. Placing and Compacting Soils. Earthwork Specifications. Exercises. Chapter 7. Earthwork. Definitions. Grading Operations. Computation of Cut and Fill Volumes. Exercises. Chapter 8: Grading and Landform Case Studies. Introduction. Gasworks Park. Olympic Park. Westpark. University of Urbino. Leventritt Garden, Arnold Arboretum. Cedar River Watershed Interpretive Education Center. Loantaka Preserve. Exercises. Chapter 9. Storm Water Management. Storm Runoff. Hydrologic Cycle. Nature of the Problem. Storm Water Management Strategies. Principles and Techniques. Summary. Exercises. Chapter 10. Erosion and Sediment Control. Introduction. Regulatory Requirements. Soil Erosion Factors. Erosion and Sedimentation Processes. Erosion and Sediment Control Principles. Development of an Erosion and Sediment Control Plan. Runoff Considerations. Construction Sequencing. Erosion Control Measures. Sediment Control Measures. Summary. Exercises. Chapter 11. Determining Rates and Volumes of Storm Runoff: The Rational and Modified Rational Methods. Introduction. Rational Method. Modified Rational Method. Volumes of Runoff, Storage, and Release. Required Storage for Detention or Retention Ponds by the Modified Rational Method. Summary. Exercises. Chapter 12. Natural Resources Conservation Service Methods of Estimating Runoff Rates, Volumes, and Required Detention Storage. Introduction. Rainfall. Procedures of TR55. Volume for Detention Storage. Summary. Exercises. Chapter 13. Designing and Sizing Storm Water Management Systems. Management Systems. Design and Layout of Drainage Systems. Applications. Subsurface Drainage. Summary. Exercises. Chapter 14. Site Layout and Dimensioning. Introduction. Hierarchy of Dimensioning. Dimensioning Guidelines. Horizontal Layout Methods. Layout and Computers. Exercises. Chapter 15. Horizontal Road Alignment. Types of Horizontal Curves. Circular Curve Elements. Circular Curve Formulas. Degree of Curve. Stationing. Horizontal Sight Distance. Construction Drawing Graphics. Horizontal Alignment Procedures. Superelevation. Exercises. Chapter 16. Vertical Road Alignment. Vertical Curve Formula. Equal Tangent Curves. Calculating the Locations of High and Low Points. Unequal Tangent Curves. Construction Drawing Graphics. Vertical Sight Distances. Road Alignment Procedure. Exercises. Chapter 17. Grading, Storm Water Management, and Road Alignment: Case Studies. Introduction. Earthworks Park. Merrill Lynch Corporate Campus. Morris Arboretum. Pennswood Village. S.E.A. Streets. Waterworks Gardens. Exercises. Appendix I. Table of Metric Equivalents. Appendix II. Drawing Scales. Glossary. Bibliography. Permissions. Index.