Table of contents for The Oxford companion to Indian archaeology : the archaeological foundations of ancient India : Stone Age to AD 13th century / Dilip K. Chakrabarti.


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Chapter One
THE DISCOVERIES OF STONE AGE SITES AND TOOLS, C. 1860-C.1950   1
The Beginning * The Discoveries, c.1860-c.1900  The Discoveries, c.1900-c.1950 * The Significance
of Indian Prehistoric Research in the Second Half of the 19th Century
Chapter Two
HOMINID FOSSILS, EARLIEST STONE TOOLS, AND INDIA IN
THE CURRENT SCHEME OF HUMAN EVOLUTION 10
Chapter Three
PALAEOLITHIC SITES, SEQUENCES, AND MATERIALS   24
Baluchistan  Sind - Northwestern Frontier - The Himalayan and Sub-Himalayan Areas: Kashmir, Ladakh,
Jammu, Himachal Pradesh and (Indian) Punjab - Delhi and Haryana - Rajasthan - Gujarat
Madhya Pradesh * Chhattisgarh  Maharashtra * Goa and Karnataka * Kerala and Tamil Nadu - Andhra
Pradesh * Orissa - West Bengal * Tripura, Assam and the Other Northeastern Areas: Arunachal, Nagaland,
Manipur, Mizoram, and Meghalaya ' Bangladesh  Jharkhand  Bihar  Uttar Pradesh  Nepal
Chapter Four
PALAEOLITHIC INDIA   67
A SUMMATION OF HISTORICAL KNOWLEDGE
Iack of Cultural Evidence  Early Pleistocene Beginning  Hominid/Human Fossil Finds * Environment 
The Sequence and Industries  Chronology  Elements of Cognitive Behaviour - General Pattern of Life
Chapter Five
THE MESOLITHIC EVIDENCE     80
Microliths in the Pleistocene Bracket - Microliths Associated with the Evidence of
Animal Domestication - Excavated Early Mesolithic Sites with Habitational Evidence
 General Observations on the Indian Mesolithic - Associated Rock Art
Chapter Six
PROBLEM OF THE BEGINNING OF FOOD PRODUCTION IN INDIA AND
THE EVIDENCE FROM MEHRGARH    104
Complexity of the Problem * Evidence from Mehrgarh
Chapter Seven
BEYOND MEHRGARH 115
THE GROWTH OF VILLAGES FROM BALUCHISTAN TO WESTERN UTTAR PRADESH AND GUJARAT
The Problem of Climate * Baluchistan beyond Mehrgarh  Mountainous Rim in the Northwest: Bannu
Western Fringe of the Indus-Hakra Alluvium: Gomal Valley  Western Fringe of the Indus-Hakra Alluvium:
Kirthar Piedmont and Kohistan  Western Fringe of the Indus-Hakra Alluvium: Potwar Plateau
- The Indus-Hakra Plain Gujarat  The Emerging Picture
Chapter Eight
ORIGIN AND CHRONOLOGY OF THE HARAPPAN OR INDUS CIVILIZATION   136
Chapter Nine
DISTRIBUTION AND MORPHOLOGICAL FEATURES OF MATURE HARAPPAN SETTLEMENTS     147
Northeast Afghanistan Baluchistan Sind Cholistan - Pakistani Punjab Rajasthan, Indian Punjab,
Haryana, and Uttar Pradesh  Gujarat  Planning and Distribution of Harappan Sites
Chapter Ten
ASPECTS OF THE INDUS CIVILIZATION 169
Agriculture and Animal Husbandry * Internal Trade - External Trade * Metals  Pottery * Miscellaneous
Crafts * Seals and Writing  Weights and Linear Measurements * Social and Political Framework
- Religion * Burials and Skeletal Biology * Indus Art
Chapter Eleven
LATE HARAPPAN PHASE AND THE LEGACY OF THE INDUS CIVILIZATION  201
Theories Regarding the End of the Indus Civilization  Concept of the Late Harappan
SContext and Features of the Late Harappan  Legacy of the Indus Civilization
Chapter Twelve
BEGINNING OF RICE AGRICULTURE IN THE CENTRAL GANGA PLAIN
AND OTHER ISSUES 213
Introduction - A Hoabinhian Assemblage in the Northeast?
- Beginning of Rice Cultivation in the Ganga Plain
Chapter Thirteen
NEOLITHIC-CHALCOLITHIC CULTURES OUTSIDE THE HARAPPAN ORBIT 219
The Mountains in the North: From Baluchistan to the Almorah Hills - The Aravallis - Madhya Pradesh
SMaharashtra South Indian Neolithic and Chalcolithic: The Evidence from Andhra, Karnataka Orissa
- The Northeastern States - West Bengal * Jharkhand and Bihar w Uttar Pradesh - Upper Ganga Valley
'Copper Hoards' Haryana, Punjab, Jammu  Observations on Neolithic-Chalcolithic Communities
Outside the Harappan Distribution Area
Chapter Fourteen
THE BEGINNING OF IRON 287
The Northwest * Kashmir - Southeast Rajasthan  Malwa - South Indian Megaliths
- West Bengal and Bihar - Uttar Pradesh  Observations
Chapter Fifteen
THE FOUNDATIONS OF EARLY HISTORIC INDIA 303
Base of Agriculture and Animal Husbandry - Settlement Contexts - Crafts and Industries
- Ritual Beliefs and Practices * Interaction between Different Areas * Political System
Chapter Sixteen
BEGINNING OF EARLY HISTORIC INDIA 311
CHRONOLOGY, ANCIENT GEOGRAPHICAL UNITS, AND GEO-POLITICAL ORBITS
Chronology * Ancient Geographical Units - Geo-Political Orbits
Chapter Seventeen
EARLY HISTORIC CITIES 322
Indo-Gangetic Alluvial Plain from Assam and Bengal to Sind - The Sub-Himalayan and Himalayan Belt
- To the South of the Indo-Gangetic Alluvial Plain * Observations
Chapter Eighteen
THE MATERIAL BASIS OF LIFE   349
SETTLEMENTS, TECHNOLOGY, AGRICULTURE, AND TRADE
Settlements - Technology Agriculture - Trade and Trade Routes
Chapter Nineteen
ART AND ARCHITECTURE     374
Introduction  Mauryan Art and Architecture * Early Indian Narrative Art: Bharhut,
Sanchi, Bodh Gaya (2nd-1 st century BC) - Sculptural Tradition of the Early Rock-cut
Caves of East and West India Andhra School of Sculpture Art of Mathura
* Gandhara Art - Art of the Gupta Period  Early Indian Painting
* Development of Buddhist Architecture: Chaitya-grihas, Stupas,
and Viharas  Temple Architecture Terracottas
Chapter Twenty
INSCRIPTIONS, COINS, RELIGIONS 408
Chapter Twenty-one
MULTIPLE AND SHIFTING CENTRES OF POWER, AD C.7TH-C.13TH CENTURIES    424
Political Kaleidoscope * Economic Underpinnings
Chapter Twenty-two
SETTLEMENTS, IRRIGATION, TECHNOLOGY, TRADE 435
Chapter Twenty-three
INSCRIPTIONS AND COINS 446
Chapter Twenty-four
TEMPLES, MONASTERIES, SCULPTURE, AND PAINTING   459
Chapter Twenty-five
ARCHAEOLOGY OF INDIA 474
A GENERAL PERSPECTIVE
Scope of the Volume s Imporjance of Archaeology in Indian Historical Studies * Palaeolithic and Related
Research  Mesolithic Situation - Agricultural Beginnings * Early Harappan Tradition - Mature Harappan
Universe * Late Harappan Phenomenon  Beyond the Harappan Orbit * Historical Period till AD 6th Century *
Early Medieval Context (7th-13th Centuries)
APPENDICES 504
I Archaeology of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Lakshadveep and Minicoy
* II History of Indian Archaeology - III Conservation  IV The Aryan I ssue
* V Some Recent Developments (2005-6)



Library of Congress subject headings for this publication: India Antiquities, India Civilization To 1200, Excavations (Archaeology) India, Cities and towns, Ancient India