Table of contents for Abacus and mah jong : Sino-Mauritian settlement and economic consolidation / by Marina Carter and James Ng Foong Kwong.


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In trod u ction  ........................................................................................  1
The Chinese Diaspora and the Colonial Indian Ocean ..........     2
The Chinese Presence on Mauritius ................................... ....  4
Historiography and the Chinese Diaspora ...........................  6
Chapter One Slaves, Convicts, Field Workers and Artisans:
The Chinese in the Colonial Labour Diasporas .....................  19
A Note on Nomenclature .....................................     19
Dutch Settlements in the Indian Ocean ................................  20
Chinese Immigrants in the 18th Century Isle of France ........   21
The Importation of Chinese Labourers and Convicts into
British Mauritius ...............................................  27
Chinese Artisans in 19th Century Mauritius ........................  44
Chapter Two The 'Celestial Shopkeeper': The Growth of a
Chinese Commercial Class in Mauritius ..................................  49
Chinese Traders in the Isle of France and Early British
M auritius  ............................... ...........................  49
Early Commercial Activities of Chinese Settlers .................  55
"A Temporary Setback: the Bank Robbery ..............................  61
"A New Wave of Chinese Immigrants and Geographical
Dispersal of the Community ......................... ........ .  65
Chinese Entrepreneurs and the Rum Industry .....................  71
The Chinese Commercial Class: Contemporary Appraisals ...        73
Chapter Three Expansion and Diversification:
Sino-Mauritians and Economic Development ......................  77
Diversification of the Chinese Business Sector in
19th Century Mauritius ........................ ..................  77
Developments in the 20th Century Retail Sector .................  83
Diversification in Employment and Business in 20th Century
Colonial Mauritius ........................................   94
Sino-Mauritians and the Post Independence Mauritian
Economic Sector ........................................        100
Chapter Four Managing Identity: The Politics of Community
Formation and Networking ......................  ......................  107
Preserving the Brand-Policing and Governance within the
Chinese  Com  m unity  .......................... .....................  110
Credit and Clan Networks .....................  ............ ........  115
Inter Community Links .......................... ............................  117
Chinese Networks Across the Indian Ocean and
Rem  igration  Strategies  ................................ ....................  120
Struggle for Representation: Political Institutions and the
Chinese  Com  m unity  .................................... .......................  122
Managing Minority Status-Sino-Mauritians in the
Post-Independence    Period  ................................................  134
Sino-Mauritians and Regional Networking ............................  137
Chapter Five The Construction of Community: Family, Kin,
Social Networks    ...................................................... .................  141
Family Life of Chinese Settlers in Mauritius ..........................  141
Religion in the Life of the Overseas Chinese .........................  153
Cultural Organizations and Leisure Activities .......................  174
Issues of 'Loss' and Strategies of Adaptation: Language and
Education  Debates   ......................... ....................  183
Chapter Six    Sino-Mauritians in the Making of a Multi-Ethnic
So ciety  ........................ ..... ................. .....................................  19 1
Inter-Community Networks and Economic Integration          .......  191
Social Integration: Immigrants and Creoles ...........................  197
The Fight against Stereotyping and the Search for
Recognition   ..........................................................  202
Conclusion   .........................................         ...   221
Appendices
Appendix One Occupations of the Population of Chinese
O rigin,  1901  ................................... ...... ........ ...............  233
Appendix Two The Distribution of the Chinese Population
in  the  Districts of M auritus, 1921  ...................... ....................  234



Library of Congress subject headings for this publication: Chinese Mauritius Ethnic identity, Chinese Mauritius Economic conditions, Chinese Mauritius Social life and customs, Land settlement patterns Mauritius History, Economic development Mauritius History, Mauritius Colonization, Mauritius Race relations