Table of contents for Research methods in politics / Peter Burnham ... [et al.].


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Introduction: Methods, Methodology and Making
Sense of the Study of Politics                      1
Guiding themes                                      2
Structure of the book                               5
1    The Discipline of Politics                          9
The diverse traditions of political science         9
Dominant paradigms                                 19
Political studies or political science: some methodological
considerations                                   30
2    Research Design and the Research Process           38
The meaning of research design                     39
The research process                               45
The research labyrinth                             53
Types of research design                           55
Conclusion                                         68
3    Comparative Methods                                69
Comparative political science: substance and method  70
Designing comparative research                     7.3
Why compare? The advantages                        80
The limits of comparison                           83
Cases: how many, and which?                        87
Conclusion                                         94
4    Surveys, Polls and Focus Groups                    96
Surveys, opinion polls and politics                97
History of opinion polls and surveys               99
Sampling procedures                               102
Types of sample design                            103
Administering surveys                             108
Interviewing                                      123
Coding and analysis                                125
Focus groups                                       128
Conclusion                                         136
5    Descriptive Statistics                             138
Levels of measurement, central tendency and spread  140
Choosing descriptive statistics                    151
Presenting descriptive statistics                  153
All that glitters ...                              166
Conclusion                                         169
6    Making Inferences                                  171
What is inference?                                 172
Inference - logic and problems                     177
Inferences in political science                    179
Conclusion                                         186
7    Documentary and Archival Analysis                  187
Use and abuse of secondary and tertiary documentary
sources in political science                     190
The analysis of primary sources                    195
Research in the Public Record Office (the UK's National
Archives) and the National Archives, Washington  200
Conclusion: the value and limits of documentary and
archival analysis                                208
8    The Internet and Political Research                213
Searching the internet                             216
Electronic resources for political research        218
Online polling                                     224
Elite interviewing online                          228
Conclusions                                        230
9    Elite Interviewing                                 231
Decide who you want to see                         233
Get access and arrange the interview               235
Conduct the interview                              238
Analyse the results                                245
Conclusions                                        246
10   Discourse Analysis and Other Methods               248
Discourse analysis                                 249
Content analysis                                   259
The advantages and limitations of content analysis  264
Participant observation                            264
Conclusion                                         281
11   Ethics and Political Research                     282
The nature of ethical problems                     283
Two broad approaches to ethical problems           284
Five basic ethical principles                      286
The relationship with sponsors                     288
Gatekeepers                                        292
C(itizens                                          295
The problem of fraud in research                   296
Professional codes of conduct                      298
Conclusions                                        303
12   Research and the Policy Process                   305
The demand side: what policymakers want from
researchers                                      305
The supply side: what researchers can provide      310
The mediating effect of national structures and cultures  313
Bridging the gap                                   318
Hlow could the contribution of research to policyinakiig
be improved?                                     322
Conclusion                                         324
13   Conclusion: Challenging the Mainstream and the
Qualitative/Quantitative Divide                    325
Feminist methods?                                  325
Anti-racist and Marxist challenges                 330
Theory, methods and the qualitative/quantitative divide  331
tst)ils for Further Reading                           335



Library of Congress subject headings for this publication: Political science Research Methodology