Table of contents for Bargains with fate : psychological crises and conflicts in Shakespeare and his plays / Bernard J. Paris ; with a foreword by Theodore I. Rubin and a new preface by the author.


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Preface to the Transaction Edition                         xvii
Introduction  ....................................           1
Bargains with Fate ....................................  2
The Reciprocal Relation between Psychoanalytic Theory
and  Literature  ............ .........................  4
Psychoanalysis, Shakespeare, and Me  ................... .  6
The Psychoanalytic Study of Character ...................  7
Shakespeare's Personality .............................  10
I. THE MAJOR TRAGEDIES
1.  Bargains, Defenses, and Cultural Codes .........        15
Historical versus Psychological Perspectives  ...............  15
Karen Homey: Introduction  ............................  16
Interpersonal Strategies of Defense  ..................  .   .  19
Intrapsychic Strategies of Defense ............... ... . .  24
Cultural Codes in  Shakespeare  ..........................  28
Cultural Codes and  Defensive Strategies  ..................  32
2.  H am let  ....................................          35
Hamlet's Problems  ..................................   35
"This Too Too  Solid Flesh"  . ............... ........ .  40
Hamlet and  the Ghost  ................................  42
Hamlet's Conflicts in  Act 2  ............................  44
Hamlet and  the  Players  ................................  47
"To  Be or Not To  Be"  ................................  49
"Get Thee to a Nunnery" ............................ ..  50
"Yet Have I in Me Something Dangerous" .................  52
The Closet Scene ....................................  55
M ore Oscillations  ..................................  .  56
In the Hands of Providence  ............................  59
A  W ish-Fulfillment Ending  .............................  60
3.  Othello  ...................................          63
lago's Character ............................ .........  64
lago's Crisis ........................................  70
The Psychological Functions of Iago's Plot ................  72
Othello Triumphant  ...................................  76
Othello's Vulnerability  ................................  80
Othello's Transformation  ...............................  86
An Honorable Murderer?  ............................ .  91
Bewitched Desdemona  ................................  95
"The Inclining  Desdemona"  ...........................  100
"His Scorn I Approve" . ..............................  102
"Who Hath Done This Deed?"  .........................  105
4. King Lear .................................           107
The Love Test ......................................  109
Cordelia's Compulsiveness  .............................  112
The Collapse of Lear's Fantasy  ....................... .  115
"To  Plainness Honour's Bound"  ........................  116
Rhetoric versus M imesis  ............................. .  117
Blows and  Defenses  ..................................  119
"In  Such  a Night as This!"  ......... . . .  .......... .  122
"Unaccommodated Man": Lear and "Poor Tom" . .........  128
"Let Copulation  Thrive"  . ........................... .  131
Paradise Regained  ....................................  132
Spiritual Rebirth?  ...............  ................... .  134
"All's Cheerless, Dark, and Deadly" . ...................  135
The Death of Cordelia  ................................  143
Conclusion ........................................  147
5.  M acbeth   ............     ..   .  .... . . .  . .  . ..   15 1
Macbeth's Inner Conflicts-Before the Murder ............  153
M acbeth  and  Lady  Macbeth  .......................   .  . .  159
Macbeth's Inner Conflicts-After the Murder .............  165
The M urder of Banquo  ...................... .....  . . . 167
Macbeth's Transformation ......................... . . .  171
The  V illain  as  H ero  ...................................  173
The  Death  of M acbeth  ......................... . . .   .   .  177
II. SHAKESPEARE'S PERSONALITY
6.  Shakespeare's  Conflicts  ...................... .     183
"A  Deeply  Divided  M an"  .............................  183
Shakespeare's Treatment of Cultural Codes
as Expressions of His Personality  ..................  .  . . 186
Defenses and  Inner Conflicts  ...........................  191
Martial and Manly Honor ..............................  194
The Threat of the Machiavels  ...........................  196
The  Fate  of Perfectionists  ..............................  201
Inner Conflicts in Measure for Measure .......... .......  205
7.   "What Fools These Mortals Be": Self-Effacement in
the Sonnets, the Comedies, Troilus and Cressida,
and Antony and Cleopatra ................... ..        213
The Sonnets  .........................................  214
Two Gentlemen of Verona  .............................  217
The M erchant of  Venice  ..............................  219
Universalizing His Plight  . ............................  220
Two  Gentlemen  Again  ...................  .............  221
Love's Labour's Lost .................................  222
A  Midsummer-Night's Dream  ...........................  224
Much Ado About Nothing ................... ...........  227
As You Like It  .......................................  229
Twelfh  Night  ........................................  235
All's  Well That Ends  Well  .............................  238
Troilus  and  Cressida  ..................................  239
Antony  and  Cleopatra  .................................  242
8.  Shakespeare's Leap of Faith: From the Tragedies
to  the  Romances  .............................    245
Timon of Athens . ...................................  246
Pericles ...........................................  252
Cymbeline  ..........................................  253
The  W inter's  Tale  ....................................  255
Henry VIII  ..........................................  256
9. The Tempest: Shakespeare's Ideal Solution .......     261
The Function of Prospero's Magic  .......................  263
Prospero's Cruelty to Ariel and Caliban  ..................  267
The Noble Prospero?  ..................................  271
No  Longer Divided  ...................................  276



Library of Congress subject headings for this publication: Shakespeare, William, 1564-1616 Knowledge Psychology, Shakespeare, William, 1564-1616 Psychology, Shakespeare, William, 1564-1616 Characters, Personality in literature, Characters and characteristics in literature, Psychology in literature, Fate and fatalism in literature, Psychoanalysis and literature