Table of contents for Traffic and highway engineering / Nicholas J. Garber, Lester A. Hoel.


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S   INTRODUCTION                  1
The Profession of Transportation  3
Importance of Transportation   3
Transportation History   6
Transportation Employment     16
Summary       23
Problems      24
References     25
Transportation Systems and Organizations   27
Developing a Transportation System  27
Modes of Transportation    34
Transportation Organizations   47
Summary       51
Problems      52
References     54
*   TRAFFIC OPERATIONS                  55
Characteristics of the Driver, the Pedestrian,
the Vehicle, and the Road   57
Driver Characteristics  58
Perception-Reaction Process   60
Older Drivers' Characteristics  61
Pedestrian Characteristics  62
Bicyclists and Bicycles Characteristics  62
Vehicle Characteristics  63
Road Characteristics   88
Summary       93
Problems      95
References     98
Traffic Engineering Studies   99
Spot Speed Studies    100
Volume Studies     115
Travel Time and Delay Studies   133
Parking Studies    139
Summary       146
Problems      147
References     150
Highway Safety     151
Issues Involved in Transportation Safety  152
Strategic Highway Safety Plans  154
Effectiveness of Safety Design Features  190
Summary       208
Problems      208
References     212
Fundamental Principles of Traffic Flow  213
Traffic Flow Elements    213
Flow-Density Relationships   218
Shock Waves in Traffic Streams  230
Gap and Gap Acceptance      243
Introduction to Queuing Theory   249
Summary       258
Problems      258
Intersection Design    265
Types of At-Grade Intersections   266
Design Principles for At-Grade Intersections  276
Design of Railroad Grade Crossings   314
Summary       320
Problems      322
References     325
Intersection Control   327
General Concepts of Traffic Control  327
Conflict Points at Intersections  331
Types of Intersection Control  332
Signal Timing for Different Color Indications  342
Freeway Ramps       373
Summary       378
Problems      378
References      380
Capacity and Level of Service for Highway Segments  381
Two-Lane Highways     382
IFreewavs    406
AMultilane Highways   424
Summary      430
Problems     431
References     434
Appendix: Tables    434
Capacity and Level of Service at Signalized Intersections  457
Definitions of Some Common Terms   457
Level of Service at Signalized Intersections  460
Summary      528
Problems     528
References     533
Appendix: Tables    534
*   TRANSPORTATION PLANNING                     549
The Transportation Planning Process  551
Basic Elements of Transportation Planning  552
Transportation Planning Institutions  562
IUrban Transportation Planning  566
Forecasting Travel   574
Summary      586
Problems     587
References     588
Forecasting Travel Demand    591
Demand Forecasting Approaches    591
Trip Generation    593
Trip Distribution   603
Mode Choice      613
Traffic Assignment   625
Other Methods for Forecasting Demand   633
Estimating Freight Demand   637
Traffic Impact Studies  638
Summary      644
Problems     645
References     652
Evaluating Transportation Alternatives  653
Basic Issues in Evaluation  653
Evaluation Based on Economic Criteria  657
Evaluation Based on Multiple Criteria  669
Summary      684
Problems     684
References     689
N   LOCATION, GEOMETRICS,
AND DRAINAGE                   691
Highway Surveys and Location      693
Principles of Highway Location   693
Highway Survey Methods      701
Highway Earthwork and Final Plans    723
Summary       731
Problems      733
References      734
Geometric Design of Highway Facilities    737
Factors Influencing Highway Design   738
Design of the Alignment    754
Special Facilities for Heavy Vehicles on Steep Grades  7901)
Bicycle Facilities  791
Parking Facilities   796
Computer Use in Geometric Design     801
Summary       802
Problems      802
References      805
Highway Drainage      807
Surface Drainage     807
Highway Drainage Structures    809
Sedimrnent and Erosion Control  811
Hydrologic Considerations    813
Unit Hydrographs      826
Hydraulic Design of Highway Drainage Structures  827
Subsurface Drainage     870
Economic Analysis      889
Summary       889
Problems      889
References      891
Additional Readings     892
*   MATERIALS AND PAVEMENTS                        893
Soil Engineering for Highway Design    895
Soil Characteristics   895
Basic Engineering Properties of Soils  899
Classification of Soils for Highway Use  907
Soil Surveys for Highway Construction  917
Soil Compaction     922
Special Soil Tests for Pavement Design  932
Frost Action in Soils   936
Summary       937
Problems      937
References      914
Bituminous Materials     943
Sources of Asphalt    943
Description and Uses of Bituminous Binders  946
Properties of Asphalt Materials  949
Tests for Asphalt Materials  953
Asphalt Mixtures    969
Superpave Systems     992
Summary       1019
Problems      1019
References     1022
Design of Flexible Pavements   1025
Structural Components of a Flexible Pavement  1025
Soil Stabilization  1027
General Principles of Flexible Pavement Design  1032
Summary       1070
Problems      1070
References     1073
Design of Rigid Pavements    1075
Materials Used in Rigid Pavements  1076
Joints in Concrete Pavements  1081
Types of Rigid Highway Pavements   1083
Pumping of Rigid Pavements    1084
Stresses in Rigid Pavements  1085
Thickness Design of Rigid Pavements  1093
Summary       1129
Problems      1129
References     1131
Pavement Management        1133
Problems of Highway Rehabilitation   1133
Methods for Determining Roadway Condition    1136
Pavement Condition Prediction   1151
Pavement Rehabilitation    1160
Pavement Rehabilitation Programming    1162
GIS and Pavement Management      1172
Summary       1174
Problems      1174
References     1176



Library of Congress subject headings for this publication: Highway engineering, Traffic engineering