Table of contents for Problem solving in environmental biology / A.R. Ennos & S.E.R. Bailey.


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Preface: Why we wrote this book                               vii
Section I  A General Approach to Problem Solving
Chapter 1  Introduction and Basic Skills                                   3
Introduction                                                   3
Handling numbers and units                                     3
Ball parking                                                   6
Data handling                                                  7
Pattern recognition                                            8
Data selection                                                10
Interpreting statistical information                          10
Design of a programme of investigation                        14
Deciding between conflicting interests                         15
Communicating your answer                                     16
Section II  Natural Ecosystems and Resources
Chapter 2  Adaptation, Behaviour and Evolution                            19
Problem 2.1  Seasonal acclimation in molluscs                              19
Problem 2.2  Distribution of C3 and C4 grasses                             22
Problem 2.3  Feeding biology of red grouse chicks                          23
Problem 2.4  Defences against leaf damage in birch                         25
Problem 2.5  Olfactory attraction in hyperparasites                        28
Problem 2.6  Foraging strategies of moose                                  29
Solutions                                                     31
Chapter 3  Energy and Mineral Cycles                                      43
Problem 3.1  Human daily carbon output in respiration                      43
Problem 3.2  CO2 emissions by a factory and carbon fixation by a forest    43
Problem 3.3  Energy budgets of limpets                                     44
Problem 3.4  Nitrogen cycling in an evergreen forest                       46
Solutions                                                      48
Chapter 4  Stability and Diversity of Ecosystems                        54
Problem 4.1  Vegetation analysis from pollen data                         54
Problem 4.2 Indices of biodiversity and similarity coefficients for moth faunas  56
Problem 4.3  Mark-release-recapture of wood crickets                      59
Problem 4.4  Plant succession                                             63
Problem 4.5  Distribution of dog's mercury                                65
Solutions                                                    68
Section III Human Impacts
Chapter 5  Over-exploitation of Resources                               79
Problem 5.1  Logging and soil erosion                                     79
Problem 5.2  Sheep grazing and moorland regeneration                      81
Problem 5.3  Exclosure experiments on rabbit grazing                      83
Problem 5.4  Population of a sand martin colony                           86
Problem 5.5  Decline and overfishing of a cod fishery                     88
Solutions                                                    91
Chapter 6  Farming                                                      98
Problem 6.1  Nitrate leaching                                             98
Problem 6.2  Economics of nitrogen and water supply to crops             100
Problem 6.3  Effect of seeding rate on performance of winter wheat       102
Problem 6.4 Integrated pest management                                   104
Solutions                                                   107
Chapter 7  Pollution and the Use of Alternative Resources              112
Problem 7.1  Leakage of preservatives from a sawmill                     112
Problem 7.2  Heavy metal pollution and tolerance                         114
Problem 7.3  Lake diatoms as evidence of acidification                   116
Problem 7.4 Indicators of pollution in the river Mersey                  119
Problem 7.5  Feasibility of wind power generation                        123
Solutions                                                   125
Section IV  Managing the Environment
Chapter 8  Conservation and Environmental Impact Assessment            139
Problem 8.1  The management plan for a nature reserve                    139
Problem 8.2  The size and conservation value of woods                    143
Problem 8.3  Designing a research programme on the ecological impacts of a smelter 145
Problem 8.4 Impact assessment of an opencast coal mine                   147
Problem 8.5  Economic analysis of options for a geothermal power plant  150
Solutions                                                  156
Further Reading                                            169



Library of Congress subject headings for this publication: Environmental sciences, Environmental sciences Problems, exercises, etc, Ecology, Ecology Problems, exercises, etc