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1. Systems of Units 1 Getting Familiar with Metric SI Units 4 Other Important Metric SI Units Used in Mechanics 5 Units for Stress and Pressure 6 A Warning About Combining Metric SI Units 6 Units for Energy 7 The Unit of Toughness 9 2. Handy Pressure Vessel Formulas 11 Cylindrical Shells II Spherical Shell or Hemispherical Head 14 Elliptical Head 14 Torispherical Head 15 Conical Sections 17 Handy Formulas for Computing Head Weights 25 ASME F&D Head Weights 26 Hemispherical Head Weights 27 Partial Volumes and Pressure Vessel Calculations 28 3. Dynamic Response of Pressure Vessels and Stacks 41 Flow-induced Vibration-Impeding Devices 56 Guy Cables, Remediation Devices, and Support of Flare Stacks 66 4. Wind Loadings on Pressure Vessels and Stacks 75 The Velocity Pressure Distribution, qz 76 Wind Directionality Factor, Kd 76 Velocity Pressure Coefficient, Kz 77 Topographic Factor, Kzt 78 Basic Wind Speed, V 79 Importance Factor, 1 79 Gust-Effect Factor, G 79 The Projected Area Normal to the Wind, Af 82 5. Pressure Vessel Internal Assessment 91 Forces on Internal Components 93 Lined Plates and Internal Components 97 Helpful Structural Formulations 98 Internal Expansion Joints 109 6. Safety Considerations for Lifting and Rigging 11I The Concept of a Ton Weighs Heavy When Lifting III Maximum Capacity of Slings 112 Bridles and Center of Gravity (CG) 116 Lift Categories 116 Preparing for the Lift 116 American National Standard Institute (ANSI) Safety Codes 117 7. Lifting and Tailing Devices 119 Impact Factor 120 Tension at Net Section 122 Hoop Tension-Splitting Failure Beyond Hole 124 Double Plane Shear Failure 125 Out-of-Plane Instability (Dishing) Failure 127 Bearing Failure 129 Pin Hole Doubler Plates 131 Multiple Loads on Lifting and Tail Lugs 137 Trunnions 150 8. Assessing Weld Attachments 163 A Few Words About Reinforcing Pads and Lifting Lugs 171 9. Rigging Devices 181 Blocks 181 Selection of a Block 184 Lifting and Erecting Pressure Vessels and Stacks 185 Shackles 187