Table of contents for The sociology of religion : a substantive and transdisciplinary approach / George Lundskow.


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Chapter 1 Theory                                            1
Introduction: Sociological Theory and Religion       1
Death and the Meaning of Life                        2
The Place of Religion in Society                     5
Classical Theory                                     9
Middle Sociology: World War II and Its Aftermath    34
Religion After World War 11                         46
Theory and Religion Today                           49
Chapter 2  A Sociological History of Religion              53
Section I. Religion in Premodern Times                     53
Introduction                                        53
The Dawn of Religion                                54
Polytheism                                          64
Inclusive Monotheism                                66
Exclusive Monotheism                                70
Transition From Paganism to Christianity            73
What Happened to Paganism?                          76
The Role of Class                                   80
The Role of Culture                                 82
Class and Culture Convergence: Engines of Religious Change  83
The Medieval Period (476-1453 CE)                   84
Schism and Crusades                                 86
Early Modern Period                                 90
The Witch Craze                                     91
Rise and Transformation of the Work Ethic           94
Section II. Religion in Modern Times                       97
Modern Times                                        97
Vital Religious Experience and Personal Volition:
The First and Second Great Awakenings             99
Religion and American Culture: Slavery and Its Aftermath  103
American Evangelicalism                             108
The Rise of Progressivism and Fundamentalism        112
Religion and the Rise of Modern Manhood             114
Progressivism                                       123
American Innovation: The Democratization of Religion  124
The Twentieth Century                               127
Civil Rights and the Vietnam War                    129
Fundamentalist Resurgence                           130
Religion After the Cold War                         132
Religion Today and in the Near Future               137
Chapter 3  Superstition and the Supernatural               147
Introduction                                        147
Superstition                                        149
Sparta and Athens                                   151
The Virgin Mary in a Small German Village           154
Witches and the Devil in Salem                      157
Right-Wing Nativism and White Supremacy             164
Deliverance in the United States                    171
Discussion                                          175
Chapter 4  Religious Adaptation                            179
Introduction                                        179
Misunderstandings About Functionalism Dispelled     182
Analytical Concepts                                 184
On the Ambiguity, Ambivalence, and Vacancy of the Self
in Modern Life                                    188
Conformity: The Case of the Latter-Day Churches     190
Innovation: The Case of Unitarian Universalism      194
Ritualism: The Case of Roman Catholic Traditionalism  196
Retreatism: Voudou in the New World                 198
Revolution: The Case of Native American Resistance  204
Chapter 5  Religious Intolerance and Aggression            209
Introduction                                        209
Exclusive Monotheism                                210
Icons: Intolerance of Religious Images              213
The Cathars: Intolerance of Heresy                  215
Intolerance and Aggression in Modern Times          220
Authoritarianism                                    241
Conclusions                                         243
Chapter 6  Evil                                            245
Introduction                                        245
Evil Around the World                               246
Discussion                                          269
Chapter 7  Cults                                        279
Introduction                                     279
Millerites                                       282
Branch Davidians: From Alternative Religion to Cult  283
Charles Manson and the Family                    288
Heaven's Gate                                    296
Discussion: What Cults Really Are                299
Chapter 8 Emergent Religion: The Examples of Neopaganism
and New Evangelicalism                             305
Introduction                                     305
Revival and Emergence                            306
Neopaganism                                      308
New Evangelicalism                               328
Discussion                                       335
Chapter 9  Religion and the Forces of Globalization     341
Introduction                                     341
Capitalism                                       342
Hare Krishna: Indian Religion Arrives in the United States  346
Pentecostalism                                   349
Roman Catholicism                                355
Global Clashes                                   357
Types of Religious Experience                    368
Chapter 10 Religion Beyond Religion: Sacredness, Mystery,
and Faith in Other Contexts                        375
Introduction                                     375
Heavy Metal Hierophany                           375
On the Road: A Journey of Discovery              381
Metal and Goth: Comparison and Contrast          382
Sports                                           384
Branding                                         389
Jesus, CEO                                       391
References and Further Reading                          397
Index                                                   425
About the Author                                        445



Library of Congress subject headings for this publication: Religion and sociology