Table of contents for Heat islands : understanding and mitigating heat in urban areas / Lisa Gartland.


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Chapter 1 What is a Heat Island?                                                     1
Heat island definition                                                          1
Impacts of heat islands                                                        2
Characteristics of heat islands                                                2
Chapter 2 Causes of the Heat Island                                                 15
Introduction                                                                  15
Energy balance                                                                16
Reduced evaporation                                                           17
Increased heat storage                                                        18
Increased net radiation                                                       20
Reduced convection                                                            21
Increased anthropogenic heat                                                  22
Interplay of heat island causes                                               23
Chapter 3 Measuring and Modelling Heat Islands                                      27
Measuring heat islands                                                        27
Modelling heat islands                                                        35
Chapter 4 From Heat Islands to Cool Communities                                     43
Typical land use characteristics                                              43
Typical roofing materials                                                     46
Cool roofing materials                                                        48
Typical paving materials                                                      49
Cool paving materials                                                         51
Thermal properties of materials                                               52
Cooling with trees and vegetation                                             52
Potential for cooling                                                         53
Chapter 5 All About Cool Roofing                                                    57
Introduction                                                                  57
Cool roofing definition                                                       57
Types of cool roofing                                                         63
Benefits of cool roofing                                                      71
Other cool roof considerations                                                79
Chapter 6 All About Cool Paving                                                     85
What is cool paving?                                                          85
Types of cool paving                                                          85
Benefits of cool paving                                                       100
Other cool paving considerations                                              103
Chapter 7 Cooling with Trees and Vegetation                                        109
Introduction                                                                  109
Benefits and costs of trees and vegetation                                    109
Effective landscaping for cooling                                             121
Green roofing, or garden roofing                                              128
Chapter 8 Community Benefits from Heat Island Mitigation                           139
Introduction                                                                  139
Temperature reductions                                                        139
Energy savings                                                                140
Air quality improvements                                                      141
Human comfort and health improvements                                        146
Stormwater run-off reductions                                                148
Maintenance and waste reduction                                               150
Quality of life benefits                                                     151
Chapter 9 Cool Community Action Plan                                               155
Motivate                                                                     155
Investigate                                                                  158
Educate                                                                      162
Demonstrate                                                                  164
Initiate                                                                     167
Legislate                                                                     172
More action opportunities                                                     177
The cool revolution                                                          183



Library of Congress subject headings for this publication: Urban heat island