Table of contents for Egypt : security, political, and Islamist challenges / Sherifa Zuhur.


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Overview ................................1
Egypt's Visibility in the New Middle East ...... .2
Egypt as a Security Concern  ................... 3
Failing, or Failed? ...............................4
Democracy  ....................................7
The "New Middle East" and Anti-Americanism .... .9
Roadblocks to Democracy in Egypt ............ 11
Egypt's Significance in the Region ............... 13
The Military and Security Services ............... 15
Aid, Need, and Violence in a "Failing State"....... 18
Development and Violence ................... 21
Economic Standing ..........................22
Subsidies  ................... .................. 23
Poverty, Alienation, and the Link to Militancy . . 26
Literacy and Gender Inequality ................. 27
National Character Arguments .................. 28
Egypt's Democratization in the Regional Context .. 29
Egypt's Political Development .................. 31
Democratic Trends versus Dynastic Succession.. 33
Indicators for Democratization  .................. 35
Egypt's Regional Role ..........................36
Egypt's Role in Global Jihad .....................38
Islamist Violence  ..............................39
Hereditary Succession? .......................41
Leadership Alternatives? ....................... 42
True Obstacles to Democracy ................. 45
Is There a U.S. Role in Democratization? .......... 46
Islamism and Radicalism in Egypt ............... 48
Growth or Diminishment of Violence? ......... 49
Islam and Politics in Egypt ......................50
The Muslim Brotherhood .......................53
Shifts under President Anwar al-Sadat ......... 56
New Radicals, and the New Jihad under Sadat
and  Beyond ................. .. ..............56
Islamist Methodological Arguments ........... 62
Radicals and Moderates ........................63
A War with Islamism ......................... 67
The Brotherhood and the Government ......... 68
Other Types of Repression ......................69
Containing Radical Violence  .................... 73
Truce ..................................... 74
Al-Qa'ida's Relationship with Egyptian
Islamist Militants ..............................75
Zaw ahiri .................. ..... ...........76
Reemegence of Jihad in Egypt? .................. 78
Revenge or Underdevelopment? ................. 83
Other New Actors- Women .................. 86
Al-Qa'idism and Security ......................87
Moderates: The Greater Enemy?. .............. 88
Bedouin Radicalism  ............................89
No Solution? .................................90
Other Objections to Moderate Islamists. ........ 91
Ideological Containment of Threats .............. 93
Climate of Radicalism?  ...................... 94
Perpetual Transitions? .........................96
2005  Elections  .................................99
The Judiciary in the Recent Elections.......... 101
Preemptive Reform? ..........................102



Library of Congress subject headings for this publication: Egypt Politics and government 1981-Islam and politics Egypt, Internal security Egypt, Terrorism Egypt Prevention, Terrorism Religious aspects Islam, Radicalism Religious aspects Islam