Table of contents for Building science, technology, and innovation capacity in Rwanda : developing practical solutions to practical problems / Alfred Watkins and Anubha Verma, editors.


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CHAPTER 1 : OVERVIEW AND SUMMARY OF RESULTS                      1
Current Social and Economic Situation                         2
Improving the Lives of the Rural Poor, Reducing Poverty,
and Achieving the MDGs                                   4
Creating Wealth and Diversifying the Economy               6
Government Commitment to STI Capacity Building                8
Methodology and Design of the STI Capacity-Building Program  11
Lessons Learned                                              15
Implementation Issues                                        21
Notes                                                        22
CHAPTER 2: THE FOOD-PROCESSING INDUSTRY                        25
Situation Analysis/Needs Assessment                          25
Standardization and Quality Management                    27
Human Resource Constraints                                27
Markets for Processed Foods                               28
Development Potential for the Food-Processing Industry    29
Recommended Strategies                                       30
Educating and Training People                             32
Developing Business Development Services                  33
Improving Transport and Packaging                         34
Conducting Market Research and Feasibility Studies        34
Adopting Complementary Measures                           35
CHAPTER 3 : VALUE-ADDED EXPORTS                                37
Situation Analysis/Needs Assessment                          37
Recommended Public-Private Partnerships for Capacity
Building in Value-Added Enterprises                         40
Public-Private Partnership for Technical and
Vocational Training                                     40
Public-Private Grant Facility for Enterprise-Based Training  41
Establishing a Public-Private Technology Information Service  42
Establishing a Matching Grant Program for Investment in
Productive Technologies                                 43
Creating a Public-Private Organic Production and
Research Association                                    43
Building Capacity for Organic Production and Certification  45
Public-Private Instruments for Capacity Building in Design
and Product Development                                 45
Notes                                                        46
CHAPTER 4 : DEVELOPMENT AND DIFFUSION
OF APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGIES                                    47
Situation Analysis/Needs Assessment                          47
Agencies and Institutions Responsible for Promoting
Appropriate Technology                                  51
Factors Hampering the Development and Transfer
of Appropriate Technology                               54
Recommended Strategies                                       55
Building Capacity at CITT                                 56
Building Capacity at IRST                                 58
Building Capacity at Vocational Training Centers          59
Establishing a Technology Development Fund                60
Notes                                                        62
CHAPTER 5 : DELIVERY OF CLEAN DRINKING WATER                   63
Situation Analysis/Needs Assessment                          63
Recommended Strategies                                       65
Training Local Water Technicians                          65
Training District- and National-Level Managers            68
Building Capacity at KIST                               68
Building Capacity at NUR                                69
Building Capacity at ISAE                               70
CHAPTER 6 : GEOSCIENCES AND GEOTHERMAL ENERGY                    71
Strategy A: Fast-Track "Urgent" Plan for Geothermal
Resource Assessment and Pilot Power Generation               72
Institutional Set-Up                                        74
Capacity Building through Hands-On Training                 74
Strategy B: Long-Term Institution/Capacity Building for
Geothermal Energy and Geoscience Development: The Rwanda
Geoscientific Center                                         75
Required Capacity-Building Efforts                            80
Notes                                                         82
CHAPTER 7 : CLIENT-FOCUSED AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH
AND OUTREACH                                                     83
Situation Analysis/Needs Assessment                           83
Weaknesses in the Performance of the Agricultural Research
and Technology Transfer System                            85
Weaknesses in the Public Research and Technology Transfer System  86
Weaknesses in Private Sector Participation                  88
Weaknesses in the Agricultural Education and Training System  88
Recommended Strategies for Capacity Building                  89
Strengthen the Key Components of the Agricultural Research
and Technology Transfer System                            89
Empower the Beneficiaries of Agricultural Research and Outreach  90
Promote the Profitability of Agriculture and Private Sector Participation  91
Improve ISAR's Institutional Performance                    93
Improve Coordination, Methods, and Performance Standards
for Agricultural Research and Technology Transfer         94
Develop and Manage Human Resources                          95
Build Capacity at ISAE and NUR                              96
Notes                                                         97
APPENDIXES
APPENDIX 1 : Background Documents                                99
APPENDIX 2 : Sample Terms of Reference for the Needs
Assessment and Action Plan Studies                            101
APPENDIX 3 : Public Institutions Involved in STI
Capacity-Building Action Plans                                105
BIBLIOGRAPHY                                                    107



Library of Congress subject headings for this publication: Technical education Government policy Rwanda, Science Study and teaching Government policy Rwanda, Technology and state Rwanda, Technical assistance Rwanda, Rural development projects Rwanda