Table of contents for Youth in Africa's labor market / editors, Marito Garcia, Jean Fares.


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PART 1       Youth in Africa's Labor Market: A Synthesis   1
Marito Garcia and Jean Fares
Chapter 1    Why Is It Important for Africa to Invest in
Its Youth?                                     3
Marito Garcia and Jean Fares
Why Focus on the Transition to Work?           4
Africa's Demographic Transition Creates a Window
of Opportunity                              4
The Level of Educational Attainment Has Risen-
and Returns to Education Are Rising in Some
Countries                                   7
Despite Progress, Significant Challenges Remain  8
The Policy Response                           11
Notes                                         14
Chapter 2    Transitions to Working Life for Africa's Youth  15
Marito Garcia and Jean Fares
Poverty and Large Income Shocks Push
Children into the Work Force               18
The School-to-Work Transition of Africa's
Youth Is Long and Difficult                21
Chapter 3    How Do Africa's Young People Spend Their Time?  27
Marito Garcia and Jean Fares
Not Many Youth Are in the Labor Market and
Employed                                   27
A Large Proportion of Youth Are "Inactive"   29
Many Young People Are in School              29
Time Use Varies by Income Group              32
Notes                                        37
Chapter 4    The Effect of Education on Income and Employment 39
Marito Garcia and Jean Fares
How Does Education Affect Income?            39
How Does Education Affect Employment?        42
What Effect Does Education Have on
Development?                               44
What Keeps Educational Attainment Low?       44
Notes                                        47
Chapter 5    Working in Bad Jobs or Not Working at All    49
Marito Garcia and Jean Fares
What Makes the Transition to Work Difficult
for Youth?                                 49
Youth Are Vulnerable in the
Labor Market                               53
Youth Unemployment Is High                   60
Notes                                        65
Chapter 6    The Three Pillars of Policy: Lessons from
International Experience                     67
Marito Garcia and Jean Fares
Responses from African Countries             73
Future Research to Fill Knowledge Gaps       75
Annex 6A. Methodology: Building an
Indicator of the School-to-Work Transition  75
Annex 6B. Inventory of Selected Policies and
Programs on Youth Employment and Skills
Development in Burkina Faso                78
Government Involvement in Youth
Empolyment Issuses                         78
Description of Policies and Programs         79
How Well Have Interventions Performed?       82
Annex 6C. Inventory of Selected Policies and
Programs on Youth Employment and
Skills Development in Ethiopia            84
Government Involvement in Youth
Employment Issues                         84
Description of Policies and Programs         85
How Well Have Interventions Performed?       89
Annex 6D. Inventory of Selected Policies and
Programs on Youth Employment and
Skills Development in Tanzania             91
Government Involvement in Youth
Employment Issues                         91
Description of Policies and Programs         92
How Well Have Interventions Performed?       95
Annex 6E. Inventory of Selected Policies and
Programs on Youth Employment and
Skills Development in Uganda              97
Bibliography for Part 1                                  101
PART 2       Youth in Africa's Labor Market: Country
Case Studies                                  107
Lisa Dragoset, Jean Fares, Lorenzo Guarcello,
Florence Kondylis, Scott Lyon, Marco Manacorda,
Daniel Parent, Furio Rosati, Cristina Valdivia, and
Lars Vilhuber
Chapter 7    School-to-Work Transitions: Regional Overview  109
Lorenzo Guarcello, Marco Manacorda, Furio Rosati,
Jean Fares, Scott Lyon, and Cristina Valdivia
Aggregate Trends                              110
Young People's Time Use                       115
Status of Young People in the Labor Market    120
The Transition from School to Work            131
Assessment of the Transition to Working Life  132
Annex 7A.1                                    141
Notes                                         144
References                                    146
Chapter 8    What Determines Labor Market Participation
by Youth in Burkina Faso?                     149
Daniel Parent
Labor Market Indicators                       150
Household Income, School Attendance,
and Returns to Education                    159
Notes                                         177
References                                    178
Chapter 9    Child Labor and Youth Employment
in Ethiopia                                   181
Lorenzo Guarcello, Scott Lyon, and Furio Rosati
National Context                              182
Child Labor                                   185
Labor Market Status of Young People in Ethiopia  1 88
Transition to Working Life                    196
Child Labor, Human Capital, and Youth Labor
Market Outcomes                          200
Policies and Programs for Youth Employment
in Ethiopia                              211
Conclusions and Policy Recommendations     217
Notes                                      220
References                                 222
Chapter 10  Youth in the Labor Market and the Transition
from School to Work in Tanzania            225
Florence Kondylis and Marco Manacorda
Why Is Unemployment Higher among Youth?    226
Descriptive Evidence                       228
Determinants of Labor Force Status among Youth  246
Conclusions and Policy Implications        254
Notes                                      257
References                                 258
Chapter 11  How Did Universal Primary Education Affect
Returns to Education and Labor Market
Participation in Uganda?                   263
Lisa Dragoset and Lars Vilhuber
Education and Earnings in Uganda           265
The Literature on Educational Participation in
Developing Countries                     266
The Model                                  267
Results                                    268
Concluding Remarks                         276
Notes                                      276
References                                 277
Index                                                   281
Box
1.1    HIV/AIDS Is Projected to Reduce the Size of the Youth
Cohort in Southern Africa                          6



Library of Congress subject headings for this publication: Youth Employment Africa, Youth Africa Social conditions, Labor market Africa