Table of contents for Legal guide for police : constitutional issues / Jeffery T. Walker, Craig Hemmens.


Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog
Note: Electronic data is machine generated. May be incomplete or contain other coding.


Counter
Chapter 1
Results of Failure to Comply with Constitutional Mandates   1
 1.1  Civil Liabilities                                    2
 1.2  Civil Rights Actions                                 2
 1.3  Liability of Supervisors, Administrators, and Agencies  7
 1.4  Admissibility of Evidence                           12
 1.5  Summary                                             14
Chapter 2
Police Power and Limitations                               15
 2.1  Police Power, Authority, and Responsibility         15
 2.2  Limits on Police Authority                          16
 2.3  Bill of Rights                                      17
 2.4  Due Process of Law                                  18
 2.5  Effects of Broadening the Scope of the
Fourteenth Amendment Due Process Clause              19
 2.6  Protection of Rights via State Constitutions and Laws  19
 2.7  Summary                                             20
Chapter 3
Police Authority to Detain                                 23
 3.1  General Considerations                              23
 3.2  Consensual Encounters                               24
 3.3  Terry v. Ohio Stop-and-Frisk Rationale              25
 3.4  Application to Off-Street Situations                31
 3.5  Application to Detention of Motorists               31
 3.6  Detention of Luggage                                34
 3.7  Duration of the Detention                           35
 3.8  Detention to Check Driver's License and Registration  37
 3.9  Detention at Police Roadblocks                      38
 3.10 Summary                                             40
Chapter 4
Law of Arrest                                                43
 4.1  General Considerations                                43
 4.2  Statutory Authority to Arrest                         45
 4.3  Definition and Elements of Arrest                     47
 4.4  Arrest Under the Authority of an Arrest Warrant       52
 4.5  Arrest without a Warrant                              61
 4.6  Post-Arrest Probable Cause Determination              74
 4.7  Use of Force in Making an Arrest                      75
 4.8  The Citation and Summons in Law Enforcement           79
 4.9  Arrest After Fresh Pursuit                            81
 4.10 Summary                                               82
Chapter 5
Search and Seizure with a Warrant                            85
 5.1  General Considerations                                85
 5.2  Constitutional Provisions                             86
 5.3  The Exclusionary Rule                                 87
 5.4  Extension of the Exclusionary Rule to All Courts:
Mapp v. Ohio                                           87
 5.5  Application and Modification of the Exclusionary Rule  88
 5.6  Seizure with a Valid Search Warrant-General           92
 5.7  Requirements of a Valid Search Warrant                93
 5.8  Execution of the Search Warrant                      101
 5.9  Search of a Person on the Premises Where Such
Person Is Not Described in the Warrant                108
 5.10 Return of the Warrant                                109
5.11 Summary                                               110
Chapter 6
Search and Seizure without a Warrant                        113
 6.1  General Considerations                               114
 6.2  Search Incident to a Lawful Arrest                   114
 6.3  Search with a Valid Waiver (Consent Searches)        124
 6.4  Search of Movable Vehicles and Objects               132
 6.5  Search after Lawful Impoundment (Inventory Searches)  136
 6.6  Exigent Circumstances Exception to the Warrant
Requirement                                           139
 6.7  Plain View Searches                                  141
 6.8  Search of Premises Not Protected by the Fourth Amendment
(Open Fields)                                         144
 6.9  Search by a Private Individual                       146
 6.10 Standing to Challenge the Search                     148
 6.11 Stop and Frisk                                       150
 6.12 Seizure of Verbal Evidence via Recorders or Microphones:
Electronic Searches                                157
 6.13 Airport Searches                                   159
 6.14 Search of Pervasively Regulated Businesses         160
 6.15 Summary                                            161
Chapter 7
Questioning Suspects                                      165
 7.1  General Considerations                             165
 7.2  The Free and Voluntary Rule                        167
 7.3  Warning and Waiver Requirements (Miranda Rule)     171
 7.4  Exclusion Related to the Fourth Amendment          184
 7.5  Right to Counsel                                   187
 7.6  The Delay in Arraignment Rule                      192
 7.7  Corroboration                                      195
 7.8  Exceptions to Right to Counsel and Self-Incrimination  195
 7.9  Admissibility of a Second Confession After
an Inadmissible First Confession                   199
 7.11 Summary                                            199
Chapter 8
Pretrial Identification Procedures                        203
 8.1  General Considerations                             204
 8.2  Fingerprinting and Photographing Suspects          204
 8.3  Lineup-Self-Incrimination Challenge                206
 8.4  Lineup-Right to Counsel Challenge                  207
 8.5  Lineup-Due Process Challenge                       208
 8.6  Pretrial Photographic Identification               210
 8.7  Dental Examination                                 212
 8.8  Voice Exemplars                                    212
 8.9  Footprint Comparisons and Other Body Examinations  213
 8.10 Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) Tests                  213
8.11 Summary                                             215



Library of Congress subject headings for this publication: Criminal investigation United States, Preliminary examinations (Criminal procedure) United States, Civil rights United States, Police United States Handbooks, manuals, etc