Table of contents for Human rights, human plights in a global village / Rob Buitenweg.


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CHAPTER 1:
A SHORT HISTORY OF HUMAN RIGHTS
1. Rights of a special kind           .................................................................. 17
2. Natural law      ...................................................................................... 20
3. The social contract .......................             ............................................ 23
4. The Right of Nature ............................................................................ 26
5. Natural rights .................................................................................. 28
6. Constitutionalization.......................................................................... 30
7. D  ifferentiation    .....................................................................................  32
8. Internationalization .........................................................................      36
9. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights ....................................... 38
10. The International Covenants .......................................................... 40
Bibliography ......................................................................................... 44
CHAPTER2:
THE STATE OF AFFAIRS OF INTERNATIONAL SOCIAL RIGHTS
1. Fighting poverty        .............................................................................. 49
2 .  S ocia l  rig hts  ....................................................................................... 51
3. Economic rights....................................................   .......................       58
4. Cultural rights .....................................                 ................................ 61
5. Differences between CP-rights, and ESC-rights ................................. 63
6. Bridging the gap.......................................................................... 64
7. Regional ESC-rights.............................................................................. 67
8. The treatment of ESC-rights in constitutions...................................... 69
9. Neglect of ESC-rights ...................................................................... 71
10. Why are ESC-rights neglected? ...................................................... 73
11. The argument against ESC rights as real,
universal human rights.................................................................... 75
B ibliography     ....................................................... .................................. 77
CHAPTER 3:
A DIGNIFIED LIFE
1. Introd   uctio  n  ........................................................................................  82
2. Human dignity...................................................                                     83
3. Existing as a person .....................................................................          85
4. A life worthy of a human being: Generic rights to
freedom, participation and well-being ................................................. 86
5. The primary values underlying human rights ................................... 89
6. Freedom  or autonomy?  ..................................... ..... ............ 92
7. Freedom, first among equals ....................................... ........ 95
8. Well-being ......................................... 98
9. Participation  .......................... .................... .........  100
10. Individuality  ....................................... ...................................... .  102
11. Equality  ........................................... ........... ..............................  107
12. Neutrality .................... .   ....................        111
13. Concluding comments ..................................... .............. 113
Bibliography .......................................... 113
CHAPTER 4:
POVERTY: IS ANYONE TO BLAME?
1. Introduction  ........................ ... .. .. ..............................................   118
2. Skeptics on social justice .....................................   119
3. Libertarian skepticism  ........................................ 122
4. Poverty is human-made ........................................ 130
5. A duty to refrain and a duty to protect .....................................   134
6. A  duty  to  help  .......................................................  136
7. Who is the duty-bearer? ........................................ 138
Bibliography ........................................               140
CHAPTER 5:
THE ILLUSIONS OF LIBERTARIANISM
1. Introduction .......................................             144
2. The illusion of the legitimacy of the current distribution .................... 146
3. Negative and positive freedom ................................. ....... 149
4. Poverty is a violation of negative freedom ..................................... 152
Bibliography  ....................................................... .......................   153
CHAPTER 6:
THE SURPLUS VALUE OFA RIGHTS-BASED APPROACH
1. Introduction ........................................... 156
2. Interests ........................................               160
3. Normative guideline or duty? ........................................ 161
4. Duties, disabilities, liabilities, no-rights .................... .................... 164
5. Rights as immunities and ESC-rights ........................................ 166
6. Rights  m eaning  powers  ..................................................................  170
7. Rights/liberties ........................................ 173
8. Claim-rights ..............................           ........... 178
Bibliography ........................................ 179
CHAPTER 7:
THE VAGUENESS OF ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL RIGHTS
1. Introduction ........................................ 183
2. The  dynamics  of hum an  rights  ........................................................ 186
3. Obligations flowing                  from     ESC-rights            ............................................. 188
4. W     hat do      various        authors        say? .......................................................                  191
5. Some         more       categories          ..................................................................... 193
6. The       result of the         search: a          scheme         of obligations            ............................ 196
7. Justiciable           duties?        ........................................................................... 203
Bibliography            ......................................................................................... 205
CHAPTER 8:
A RIGHT IS A PRECIOUS THING
1. Introduction            ......................................................................................               210
2. Duty        +  interest =         right: a      m  inimalist view            ......................................... 213
3. Intentiohality             ................................................................................... 216
4. Personhood                .................................................................................. 219
5. Discretion            .....................................................................................                   221
6. Discretion           and     hum     an    rights      ......................................................... 222
7. Societal recognition                   of rights............................................................                  225
8. Effective societal support: justiciability, enforceability,
social control ................................................................................... 228
9. Elements of a right: the notion of a right versus a concrete right ...... 230
10. Justiciability again .......................................................................... 233
11. Aspects           and     elements ................................................................ 235
12. Genuine, justiciable                    rights.............................................................                  236
Bibliography            ......................................................................................                   238
CHAPTER 9:
GLOBAL NORMS FOR A GLOBAL VILLAGE
1. Introduction            ...................................................................................                   242
2. Historical relativity vs. historical universality.....................................                                        244
3. Contem          porary       relativity or universality                ..............................................         246
4. Normative            relativity or universality                 ....................................................          249
5. Unacceptability and inconsistency of cultural relativism                                                .................. 253
6. Normative            universalism            and justificatory universalism                        ...................... 255
7. A    dialogue         ........................................................................................                257
Bibliography            ......................................................................................                   260
CHAPTER 10:
IN DEFENSE OF UNIVERSALISM: WORLD CITIZENSHIP
1. Cultural relativism                vs. universalism              ..................................................          263
2. The       universality of the             right-holder .................................................... 264
3. The       universality of the              object of the          right .......................................... 267
4. The       universality of the              addressees of human                     rights.......................... 268
5. Global citizenship                  ...........................       .............................................. 271
Bibliography            ......................................................................................                   274
Endnotes           ..............................................           ........................................... 275



Library of Congress subject headings for this publication: Human rights