Table of contents for Bridges between science, society and policy : technology assessment - methods and impacts / M. Decker, M. Ladikas (eds).


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Counter
chnology Assssmer  t in Europe; between Method and Impact -
The TvM I Project  .  .  ...  .  .  .  ..  .  . ...  . .  .......
Fat  Main Resus .                         . ........           12
i. The Practice of Technology Assessment; Science, Interaction,
and Communication                    . .     ..        .   13
1.    ntroduction .                 ..      ...            12
1 2   TA definition ...   .....         . ...........      12
1.3   From method to imnpact: a complex relationship. .......  16
1.4   Institutional setting           ...             .    18
1.4.;   Types of institutional settings . ........ .  18
1 .42   Addressees or target groups .... .   .....   19
1.4.3   Types of expertise on issues and methods .....  19
1.5  Situation  appreciation  ... ......... .........     19
5.1     Issue dimension  ...    . ...  ...  .... .   20
1.5 2   Political dimension ......  ...              22
S.5.3   Social dimension  .. .  ................  .  23
1.5.4  Innovation dimension ..                       25
1.5.5   Availability of knowledge. .. . . ....       26
1.6   De fining the goals of a TA-project .. .  . .        28
1.7   The project design .. .. . .........                 29
1..1  The "method toolbox": three classes of TA methods  29
1.72    Selection of the TA-methods  . .. . . ..  .  33
7.3   Quality criteria               .    . .      33
1.8   Project implementation  ... . .....  . ..  . ..  . ... .  47
1.9   Summary and conclusions    . ... ....                48
1.9.    Functions of methods for reaching T  goals ...  48
1.9.2   The method toolbox  .  . .  . ......  . ...  .  49
1.9,3   How to select the appropriate TA method  .   50
1.94    Quality criteria .........              .    5
1.95   Reconmmendations concerning the relationship
between method and impact ...... ..   .      52
2,   Towards a Framework for Assessing the Impact of
Technology Assessment . .  .                               57
2.1   Introduc ion  ..........  .... .  .. .......  ..  .... ...  . .  57
2.2   The appiication of knowledge in policy making.....   58
2.3   Definition of impact  0...       ...........          0
2.4   Typology of impacts .            .....               61
2.4 1   Raising knowledge .   ........  .            64
2.4 2   Forming attitudes opinions ..  ...     .     66
2.4,3  Initialising action
2.5   Influencing factors ..
25.1    Institutional setting .
2.5.2   Technology policymaking culture  ...  ...     9
2.5.3   Structure and state of the inovation process..
2.6   Conclusions . ..
3.  Technology Assessment in Europe Conclusions &
Wider Perspectives ...      ........                       87
3. I  Introduction.  .. .
3 2   Three central terms .  .  .                   .      88
3.3   Method and impact ..... .                  .          9
3.3.1   As seen from the mehod .  . . ......         89
33.3.2  As seen from the impact . .  ..              90
3.4   Evaluation of impact ............      .         .   92
3.5   The ins.itutional setting . . . .  . . ....          93
316   Comunnication and process .  . . .   .       ..      95
3.7   The trans-national perspective  . . . ..  .          96
art II: Supplementary  Papers  .  ..........................  .   99
Shaping the Inpact the Institutional Contex of Parliamentar
Technology Assessment
luis San Af-en/ d e & Laura Cruz-Castro ...... ..    ..   10
Organised Interests in the European Uion's Science and
Technology Policy- The influence of Lobby ng Activities
Theo Karapiperis & Miltos Ladikas ..... .           .      2
Industry Technology Assessment: Oppotunities and Ch alenges
for Partnership
Robin Fars & Susanne Sephan .    ..        .. ... .      143
Culturally-Base Framing Factors that Influence Technology
Assessment
n7masz Szapro ........ . .                   ...      ..   63
Part Ill: Appendix  ...    . .. .. .                         .      89
Appendix A Description of Examples for Matrix of kA Role ....  181
Appendix B: Description of Institutes ........ ..     .. .    2 1



Library of Congress subject headings for this publication: Technology assessment