Table of contents for Policy implications of greenhouse warming / Policy Implications of Greenhouse Warming--Synthesis Panel, Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy ... [et al.].


Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog
Note: Electronic data is machine generated. May be incomplete or contain other coding.


Counter
1  INTRODUCTION    ..  ........            ....    .........    . 1
2  BACKGROUND      .  ........ .  ... ...... .  .  .. .. .... .... . 3
The Global Nature of Greenhouse Warming, 3
Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Human Activities, 3
The Effects of World Population and Economic Growth, 4
Trends in Human Activities Affecting Greenhouse Gas
Concentrations, 5
3 THE GREENHOUSE GASES AND THEIR EFFECTS............ 10
Earth's Radiation Balance, 12
What We Can Learn from Climate Models, 17
What We Can Learn from the Temperature Record, 20
Sea Level, 23
Possible Dramatic Changes, 24
Conclusions, 24
4 POLICY FRAMEWORK........ .. ...            ..   ... .....     27
Comparing Mitigation and Adaptation, 27
Assigning Values to Future Outcomes, 29
A Method for Comparing Options, 30
Assessing Mitigation Options, 31
Assessing Adaptation Options. 32
Other Factors Affecting Policy Choices About
Greenhouse Warming, 33
5 ADAPTATION ............. 34
Methods of Adaptation, 34
The Role of Innovation, 35
Assessing Impacts and Adaptive Capacity, 36
CO2 Fertilization of Green Plants, 36
Agriculture, 37
Managed Forests and Grasslands, 37
Natural Landscape, 37
Marine and Coastal Environments, 38
Water Resources, 38
Industry and Energy, 39
Tourism and Recreation, 39
Settlements and Coastal Structures, 39
Human Health, 39
Migration, 40
Political Tranquility, 40
Some Important Indices. 40
Evaluating Adaptation Options, 41
Adapting to Climate Change, 42
Activities with Low Sensitivity, 42
Activities That Are Sensitive But Can Be Adapted at a Cost. 42
Activities That Are Sensitive with Questionable Adjustment
or Adaptation, 44
Cataclysmic Climatic Changes, 44
Conclusions, 45
6  MITIGATION  .................   .........                 . 47
The Role of Cost-Effectiveness, 48
Technological Costing Versus Energy Modeling, 48
"Planning a Cost-Effective Policy, 49
An Assessment of Mitigation Options in the United States, 51
Comparing Options, 60
Implementing Mitigation Options, 62
Conclusions, 63
7 INTERNATIONAL CONSIDERATIONS ...... .............. 64
International Activities. 65
Future International Agreements, 66
Other Actions, 66
8 FINDINGS AND CONCLUSIONS ........................... 67
Policy Considerations, 68
Capacities of Industrialized and Developing Countries, 68
Taxes and Incentives, 69
Fundamental and Applied Research, 69
A Proposed Framework for Responding to the Threat of
Greenhouse Warming, 70
General Conclusions, 71
9  RECOMMENDATIONS       ...... ....... .    ................. 72
Reducing or Offsetting Emissions of Greenhouse Gases, 72
Halocarbori Emissions, 73
Energy Policy, 73
Forest Offsets, 75
Enhancing Adaptation to Greenhouse Warming, 76
Improving Knowledge for Future Decisions, 78
Evaluating Geoengineering Options, 80
Exercising International Leadership, 81
APPENDIXES
A QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ABOUT GREENHOUSE
"W ARM ING  . .    ...     ...........  .  ..  . . .......... ...   . 85
The Greenhouse Effect: What Is Known, What Can Be Predicted, 85
A Framework for Responding to Additional Greenhouse Warming, 96
Impacts of Additional Greenhouse Warming, 97
Preventing or Reducing Additional Greenhouse Warming, 103
Adapting to Additional Greenhouse Warming, 107
Implementing Response Programs, 109
Actions to be Taken, 110
B BACKGROUND INFORMATION ON SYNTHESIS PANEL
MEMBERS AND PROFESSIONAL STAFF .................... 114
C MEMBERSHIP LISTS FOR EFFECTS, MITIGATION, AND
ADAPTATION PANELS. .. ...          ...........  .   ....   117



Library of Congress subject headings for this publication: Global warming Government policy United States, Greenhouse effect, Atmospheric Government policy United States, Environmental policy United States