Table of contents for Reason and responsibility : readings in some basic problems of philosophy / Joel Feinberg, Russ Shafer-Landau.


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PART ONE
Reason and Religious Belief                                        1
THE EXISTENCE AND NATURE OF GOD            6
ANSELM OF CANTERBURY: The Ontological Argument, from Pros ogion 6
GAUNILO OF MARMOUTIERS: On Behalf of the Fool 7
WILLIAM L ROWE: The Ontological Argument 11
SAINT THOMAS AQUINAS: The Five Ways, from Summa Theologica 21
SAMUEL CLARKE: A Modern Formulation of the Cosmological Argument 22
WILLIAM L ROWE: The Cosmological Argument 23
WILLIAM PALEY: The Argument from Design 32
DAVID HUME: Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion 38
THE PROBLEM OF EVIL        72
FYODOR DOSTOEVSKY: Rebellion    72
J. L. MACKIE: Evil and Omnipotence 78
GEORGE SCHLESINGER: The Problem of Evil and the Problem
of Suffering 86
RICHARD SWINBURNE: Why God Allows Evil 89
Bý C. JOHNSON: God and the Problem of Evil 97
REASON AND FAITH       101
W. K. CLIFFORD: The Ethics of Belief 101
WILLIAM JAMES: The Will to Believe 106
KELLY IAMES CLARK: Without Evidence or Argument  14
BLAISE PASCAL: The Wager 119
SIMON BLACKBURN: Miracles and Testimony 122
PART TWO
Human Knowledge: Its Grounds and Limits                         129
SKEPTICISM     137
JOHN POLLOCK: A Brain in a Vat 137
PETER UNGER: An Argument for Skepticism 139
RODERICK M. CHISHOLM: The Problem of the Criterion 150
OUR KNOWLEDGE OF THE EXTERNAL WORLD               157
BERTRAND RUSSELL: Appearance and Reality and the Existence
of Matter 157
RENE DESCARTES: Meditations on First Philosophy 164
JOHN LOCKE: The Causal Theory of Perception  197
GEORGE BERKELEY: Of the Principles of Human Knowledge 205
THOMAS REID: Of the Existence of a Material World 213
G. E. MOORE: Proof of an External World 216
THE METHODS OF SCIENCE         219
DAVID HUME: An Inquiry Concerning Human Understanding 219
WESLEY C. SALMON: An Encounter with David Hume 245
KARL POPPER: Science: Conjectures and Refutations 264
PHILIP KITCHER: Believing Where We Cannot Prove 268
PART THREE
Mind and Vts Place in Nature                                    279
BRIE GERTLER: in Defense of Mind-Body Dualism  285
FRANK JACKSON: The Qualia Problem  297
PETER CARRUTHERS: The Mind Is the Brain 301
PAUL M. CHU RCH LAND: Behaviorism, Materialism
and Functionalism  309
CAN NON-HUMANS THINK? 321
AL.AN TURING: Computing Machinery and Intelligence 321
JOHN R. SEARLE: Minds, Brains, and Programs 330
WILLIAM G. LYCAN: Robots and Minds 342
PETER CARRUTHERS: Brute Experience 348
JOHN SEARLE: Animal Minds 356
PERSONAL IDENTITY AND THE SURVIVAL OF DEATH               365
IOHN LOCKE: The Prince and the Cobbler 365
THOMAS REID: Of Mr. Locke's Account of Our Personal Identity 368
DAVID HUME: The Self 371
DEREK PARFIT: Divided Minds and the Nature of Persons 373
DANIEL C. DENNETT: Where Am I? 378
JOHN PERRY: A Dialogue on Personal Identity and immortality 387
PART FOUR
Determinism, Free \    ll, and Responsibility                 407
COMPATIBILISM: THE CASE FOR DETERMINISM AND ITS
COMPATIBILITY WITH THE MOST IMPORTANT SENSE
OF FREE WILL    414
A. . AYER: Freedom and Necessity 414
WALTER T. STACE: The Problem of Free Will 419
JOHN MARTIN FISCHER: My Compatibilism  425
LIBERTARIANISM: THE CASE FOR FREE WILL AND ITS
INCOMPATIBILITY WITH DETERMINISM           438
RODERICK M. CHISHOLM: Human Freedom and the Self 438
ROBERT KANE: Free Will: Ancient Dispute, New Themes 445
HARD DETER MINISM: THE CASE FOR DETERMINISM
AND ITS INCOMPATIBILITY WITH ANY IMPORTANT SENSE
OF FREE WILL    458
PAUL HOLBACH: The Illusion of Free Will 458
DERK PEREBOOM: Why We Have No Free Will and Can Live
Without It 464
FREEDOM AND MORAL RESPONSIBILITY           478
JAMES RACHELS: The Debate over Free Will 478
HARRY FRANKFURT: Alternate Possibilities and Moral Responsibility 486
THOMAS NAGEL: Moral Luck 493
SUSAN WOLF: Sanity and the Metaphysics of Responsibility 501
PART FIVE
Morality and Its Critics                                      513
CHALLENGES TO MORALITY         520
JOEL FEINBERG: Psychological Egoism  520
JAMES RACHELS: Ethical Egoism  532
PLATO: The Immoralist's Challenge 540
FRIEDRICH NIETZSCHE: Master and Slave Morality 547
PROPOSED STANDARDS OF RIGHT CONDUCT               555
RUSS SHAFER-LANDAU: Ethical Subjectivism  555
MARY MIDGLEY: Trying Out One's New Sword 567
ARISTOTLE: The Nature of Virtue, from Nicomachean Ethics 570
THOMAS HOBBES: Leviathan 586
JOHN RAWLS: justice as Fairness 600
PHILIP L. QUINN: God and Morality 610
IMMANUEL KANT: The Good Will & The Categorical Imperative 625
JOHN STUART MILL: Utilitarianism  640
W. D. ROSS: What Makes Right Acts Right? 653
ETHICAL PROBLEMS        661
PLATO: Crito 661
MARTHA NUSSBAUM: Judging Other Cultures: The Case
of Genital Mutilation 668
PETER SINGER: Famine, Affluence, and Morality 678
ONORA O'NEILL: Kantian Approaches to Some Famine Problems 686
JOHN HARRIS: The Survival Lottery 692
JAMES RACHELS: Active and Passive Euthanasia 697
PETER SINGER: All Animals Are Equal..  701



Library of Congress subject headings for this publication: Philosophy