Table of contents for Connected by the sea : proceedings of the Tenth International Symposium on Boat and Ship Archaeology, Roskilde 2003 / edited by Lucy Blue, Fred Hocker, and Anton Englert.


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L ist  of  C ontributors  ................................................. ...... .................. ..... .... ... .... ....... .................... . ..........   viii
P reface  ........................................................................................................................... .................................................... x i
Keynote address: An international forum for nautical research 1976-2003 by Ole Crumlin-Pedersen................ xiii
SeAn McGrail: Walking on water: Maritime archaeology by air, land and sea by Jonathan Adams .................... xvii
A.   EXPERIMENTAL ARCHAEOLOGY
1.   Experimental archaeology and ships - principles, problems and examples
O le  C rum lin-P edersen ............................................................................ ............................. ...........................   1
2.   Experimental boat archaeology: Has it a future?
Sedn  M cG rail....................................................................................... . . . ............................................. . ............   8
3.   Experimental archaeology at the Viking Ship Museum in Roskilde
Soren  Nielsen  ....    ...........................................................                        ............... 16
4.   History written in tool marks
Thom  as  F inderup  ..................................... ............. ......... ..... ..............................................................   2 1
5.   Reconstruction of rope for the copy of Skuldelev 2: Rope in the Viking Period
O le  M agnus  ................................................ ..... ......... ....................................... ................................  27
6.   Trial voyages as a method of experimental archaeology: The aspect of speed
A nton  E nglert.......................................................................................... ................................. ................. . . .....   35
7.   An example of experimental archaeology and the construction of a full-scale research model
of the Cavalibre ship's hull
S a brin a  M arlier  ........................................................................................................................................................ 4 3
8.   Reconstruction of the large Borobudur outrigger sailing craft
E rik  P etersen  ..................................................................................................... .................. . . . .....   50
9.   The construction and trials of a half-scale model of the Early Bronze Age ship, Ferriby 1,
to assess the capability of the full-size ship
Edwin Gifford, Joyce Gifford and John Coates.......................................... ............................. ...........................  57
10. The value of experimental archaeology for reconstructing ancient seafaring
Tim m  W eski ................................................................................... . ....... ......................... 63
11. The Pacific migrations by canoe-form craft
Jam  es  W harram  and  H anneke  Boon  ......................................................................................... ........................ 68
B.   THEORETICAL ISSUES IN THE CONSTRUCTION OF SHIPS
12. New light on the false clinkers in ancient Mediterranean shipbuilding
P a trice  P om ey ........................................................................... ........... ...... ..................... .......... .........................  74
13. A preliminary report on the hull characteristics of the Gallo-Roman EPI-Taillebourg wreck (Charente-
Maritime, France): archaeological evidence of regional practices of ancient flat-bottomed construction?
Eric Rieth ............................................................                            ..................... 78
14. The Dor 2001/1 wreck, Dor/Tantura Lagoon, Israel: Preliminary Report
Yaacov  Kahanov    and  H adas  M or  ............................................................................................ .......................... 84
15. A hypothesis on the development of Mediterranean ship construction from Antiquity to the
Late Midde Ages
C arlo  B eltram e  and  M auro  B ondioli .................................................................................. ............................... 89
16. Geometric rules in early medieval ships: Evidence from the Bozburun and Serge Limanl vessels
M atthew   H arp ster  ............................................   ................................ . ................................ 95
17. Oak growing, hull design and framing style. The Cavalaire-sur-Mer wreck, c. 1479
Brad  Loew en  and  M arion  D elhaye  ............................................................................................ ....................... 99
18. Ship design in Holland in the eighteenth century
A b  H o v in g  ................................ ........... ...................... ................................. ................................... ....................  10 5
19. Archaeobotanical characterisation of three ancient, sewn, Mediterranean shipwrecks
Stphanie   W icha  and  M ichel  G irard  ............................................................................. .........................   1
20. Coating, sheathing, caulking and luting in ancient shipbuilding
Ronald Bockius        ......................................................                            ....... 117
C.   BETWEEN LAND AND SEA
21. Roman techniques for the transport and conservation of fish: the case of the Fiumicino 5 wreck
G iulia  B oetto  ...... ............................ ............................. ........... ................................... . ...  123
22. Land and sea connections: the Kastro rock-cut site (Lemnos Island, Aegean Sea, Greece)
Christina Marangou ....................................................................................................... 130
23. Local boat-building traditions in the Bristol region
A n th ony  J   P arker .......................................................................................................................... ...... . ............  13 7
24. The harbour of Hai6aby
Sven Kalmring                   ............................ ..................................         ........ 143
25. Money, port and ships from a Schleswig point of view
C hristia n  R a dtke  .....................................................................................................................................................  14 7
26. Inland water transport in the Pre-Roman and Roman Iron Age in Northern Germany
and its role in intra- and intercultural communication
Ulrike  Teigelake  ................................ ...................            ...  ..... ................................ 152
27. Staraya Ladoga: a seaport in medieval Russia
P etr  S o rok in  ............................................................................... ... .......... .................................................  15 7
28. The APES Archaeological Study: The North Carolina Sounds, an interface between land and sea
Lawrence E. Babits, Frank Cantelas and Keith Meverden .................................................. 163
D. LONG DISTANCE SEAFARING AND THE CONNECTIONS BETWEEN CULTURES
29. The ends of the earth: maritime technology transfer in remote maritime communities
Valerie  F enw ick  ................................................................................................. ..................... 17 1
30. The ships that connected people and the people that commuted by ships: The western Baltic
case-study
George Indruszewski, Marcus Nilsson and Tomasz Wazny ...................................................... ..................... 177
31. Early cogs, Jutland boatbuilders, and the connection between East and West before AD 1250.
Fred Hocker and Aoife Daly .................................................................................................... 187
32. Couronian ship building, navigation and contacts with Scandinavia
Inese  K arlina  ............................................         ........................... ..... ....................  195
E.   HISTORICAL, ICONOGRAPHIC AND ETHNOGRAPHIC SOURCES AND APPROACHES
33. From Carl Reinhold Berch to Nils MAnsson Mandelgren: On the concept of maritime history,
(Sw. sj6historia), and its meanings in Sweden since the latter 18th century
C arl  O lof  C ederlund  ............................................................................................................... ............ . ............  199
34. Ships and subsidies
D av id   A .  H in to n ...................................................................................................................... .......................... 2 0 5
35. Sea-lanes of communication: Language as a tool for nautical archaeology
K atrin  Thier  ......................... ............................ ................................... ...............................................  2 10
36. Medieval shipping in the estuary of the Vistula River. Written sources in the interpretation
of archaeological finds
R o b ert  D om zal  ........................................ ... ............................................... ... ........................... ..................... 2 17
37. Linking boats and rock carvings - Hjortspring and the North
John   C oles................................................. . ................................................................................................... 223
38. Aeneas' Sail: the iconography of seafaring in the central Mediterranean region during
the Italian Final Bronze Age
C laire  C alcag n o  ................................................................................................................................................... 22 6
39. Western European design boat building in Buton (Sulawesi, Indonesia): a "sequence of
operations" approach (SOA)
D aniel   Verm  onden   .............................................................. ...................................................... .................. . . .  234
40. Balagarhi Dingi: An anthropological approach to traditional technology
Sw  arup  B hattacharyya     ............................................................................................................ ......................... 243
F.    NEWS FROM THE BALTIC
41. The Roskilde ships
Morten Gothche .......................................................................... ................................ .......... 252
42. Two double-planked wrecks from             Poland
W aldem   ar  O ssow ski.......................................................... ............................................................................   259
43. Mynden. A       small Danish frigate of the 18th century
J en s  A u er ................................................................................................................. ........... ...........................  2 6 6
44. The wreck of a 16th/17th-century sailing ship near the Hel Peninsula, Poland
T o m asz  B edn arz  ..................................................................................................................................................... 2 7 3
G. NEWS FROM AROUND THE WORLD
45. Sewn boat timbers from          the medieval Islamic port of Quseir al-Qadim            on the Red Sea
coast of Egypt
L ucy  B lue  ......................................................................... ................................................................ . ............   277
46. A    Roman river barge from         Sisak (Siscia), Croatia
Andrej Gaspari, Miran Eri          and Marija malcelj............................................................. ............................. 284
47. Contributions of maritime archaeology to the study of an Atlantic port: Bordeaux and its
reused boat timbers
Patricia Sibella, John Atkin and Bdatrice Szepertyski.................................................................................. 290
48. A    Roman barge with an artefactual inventory from              De Meer      (the Netherlands)
A ndr    F .L.  Van  H olk  ...................................... ......................................................................................... 295
49. The Arade 1 shipwreck. A           small ship at the mouth of the Arade River, Portugal
F ilip e  C astro  ................................................................................................... ............... ................ . . ...........   300
50. A    Black Sea merchantman
K roum    N .  B atchvarov .................................. ........................................................................................ ........ ....... 30 6
51. Medieval boats from         the port of Olbia, Sardinia, Italy
E doardo    R iccardi  ...................................................................................................... ....... ............. . ............   3 12



Library of Congress subject headings for this publication: Ships History Congresses, Shipbuilding History Congresses, Boatbuilding History Congresses, Underwater archaeology Congresses