Table of contents for Political and economic migrants in America : Cubans and Mexicans / by Silvia Pedraza-Bailey.


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Acknowledgments      vii
I. Immigrant Assimilation   i
Popular Images of Cubans and Mexicans  I
Assimilation Theory: Cultural and Structural Emphases  2
The Structural Assimilation of Cubans and Mexicans  6
Migration Theory: Individual and Structural Perspectives  9
2. Lending Cuban Political Immigrants a Hand  I8
Portrait of the Cuban Exiles: Waves of Migration  18
On the Heels of the Revolutionary Transformation  18
Escape as Escape Can   23
Freedom Flights and the Revolutionary Offensive  23
The Dialogue: A Brief Collaboration  27
The Mariel Exodus    29
The Cuban Refugee Program    40
The Resettlement Program   43
The Public Schools: Bilingual Education  44
Retraining Programs for Professionals  46
College Tuition Loans so50
Citizenship   51
3. Ignoring Mexican Economic Immigrants   53
Portrait of the Mexican Immigrants: Prolonged Labor
Migration    53
Early Frontier Migration  53
World War I: The First Silent Invasion  58
The Depression: Repatriation  60
World War II: The Bracero Program  62
A Delimited Flow    69
The New Silent Invasion   70
4. The Value of Being a Cuban Political Immigrant  76
Methods    76
The Immigrants' Backgrounds  79
Data and Variables  84
Dependent Variables  84
Independent Variables  88
The Value of Being a Cuban  93
Returns to the Human Capital of Cubans and Mexicans  96
Cubans and Mexicans Who Immigrated during
1960-1970    103
Cubans and Mexicans Who Immigrated during
1945-1959    io6
5. Workers in Labor Markets: Cubans and Mexicans 10o8
Segmented Labor Markets  108
Cubans and Mexicans in Labor Markets  113
The Value of Being a Cuban  115
Labor Market Consequences   126
Returns to the Human Capital of Cubans and
Mexicans    128
Impact of Labor Markets  128
6. The Functions of Political and Economic Migration  135
The Type of Migration and the Role of the State  135
Theories of the State  136
The Functions of Economic Migration  139
Source of Cheap Labor: The United States  139
The Safety Valve: Mexico  143
The Functions of Political Migration  146
Externalizing Dissent: Cuba  146
Symbols as Weapons: The United States  154
7. Closing Observations  165
Appendix A. Zero-Order Correlations among Variables  171
Appendix B. Classification of Industrial Labor Markets  18o
Notes    183
Bibliography  215



Library of Congress subject headings for this publication: Mexicans United States, Cubans United States, United States Emigration and immigration