Table of contents for The politics of military rule in Brazil, 1964-85 / Thomas E. Skidmore.


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Chapter I: The Origins of the 1964 Revolution  3
Chapter II: Castelo Branco: Cleaning House-April 1964-March
1965    18
The Military Take Control  18
The New Government: A UDN-Military Alliance     21
The Purges and the Torture  23
Supporters and Critics  27
Economic Stabilization: A Quasi-Orthodox Approach  29
Wage Policy    33
Convincing the Foreign Lenders and Investors  35
The UDN: A Viable Political Base?  39
Defeat at the Polls and the Hard-Line Reaction  42
Chapter III: Castelo Branco: The Attempt to Institutionalize  46
The Second Institutional Act and Its Political Aftermath  46
Sources of Opposition  49
Dealing with the Succession  51
The UDN and Lacerda Again     53
The Economic Scene in 1966   55
National Security and a New Legal Structure  56
The Economic Record of the Castelo Branco Years  58
Strengthening the Market Economy   60
Castelo Branco's Political Legacy  63
Chapter IV: Costa e Silva: The Military Tighten Their Grip  66
A New Cast     66
The New Economic Strategy    68
Politics: Back to "Normal"?  71
From the Broad Front to a Challenge by Students and Workers  73
Arousing the Hardliners  79
The Authoritarian Crackdown   81
The Guerrilla Emerges   84
The Economy: Pragmatism Pays Off   89
A Paralyzed President and a Succession Crisis  93
The U.S.: A Missing Ambassador and Some Second Thoughts  101
Chapter V: M6dici: The Authoritarian Face  105
The Personality, Cabinet, and Governing Style of M6dici  105
PR in a New Vein    110
M6dici and Electoral Politics, 1969-72  112
The Liquidation of the Guerrilla Threat  117
The Uses of Repression  125
The Church: An Opposition Force   135
The Economic Boom and Its Critics  138
Opening the Amazon: Solution for the Northeast?  144
Continued Electoral Manipulation and the Choice of Geisel  149
Human Rights and Brazil-U.S. Relations  154
Taking Stock: What Kind of Regime?  156
Chapter VI: Geisel: Toward Abertura  160
The Return of the Castelistas  160
Liberalization from Within?  164
November 1974: An MDB Victory    171
"Decompression" Under Fire   173
New Economic Problems    178
Voices from Civil Society  180
Planalto Problem: How to Win Elections  188
Government Response: The "April Package"  190
A U.S.-Brazil Rift: Nuclear Technology and Human Rights  192
Geisel Subdues the Hard Line  197
The "New Unionism" in Action   204
The Economic Record Since 1974 and Geisel's Legacy  206
Chapter VII: Figueiredo: The Twilight of Military Government  210
Complexion of the New Government   211
The 1979 Strikes  212
Delfim Neto Again   215
The Amnesty Issue   217
Reformulating the Parties  219
Another Challenge from Labor   222
Explosion on the Right  227
The Balance of Payments: A New Vulnerability  230
The 1982 Elections  233
The Economy in Deep Recession   236
The Campaign for Direct Presidential Elections  240
PDS Presidential Aspirants  244
The Victory of the Democratic Alliance  250
Economic Turnaround    254
Chapter VIII: The New Republic: Prospects for Democracy  256
How Much Did Democratization Depend on the Person of
Tancredo?    257
How Did the Military React to Democratization?  267
How Did the Democratic Government Deal with the Hard Economic
Choices?   273
The Foreign Debt: Temporary Breathing Room  274
Piano Cruzado: A New Response to Inflation  276
Conclusion   283
Did Democratization Include Efforts to Create a More Equal
Society?   283
Trends in Social and Economic Indicators Under the Authoritarian
Regime    284
Record of the New Regime   288
Urban Labor    289
Agrarian Reform   298
Treatment of Prisoners  302
Postscript: Economic Realities and Political Fallout  303
Notes    311



Library of Congress subject headings for this publication: Brazil Politics and government 1964-1985, Military government Brazil History 20th century, Brazil Economic conditions 1964-