Table of contents for Aztlan: an anthology of Mexican American literature. Edited by Luis Valdez and Stan Steiner.


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Introduction: "La Plebe," by Luis Valdez xiii
I. WHERE ARE THE ROOTS OF MEN?
THE ORIGINS OF MEXICO
The Heart of Earth, from Popol Vuh: The Sacred Book
of the Ancient Qtiche Maya 3
In a Time Nobody Exactly Remembers: The Olmecs,
by Miguel Leon-Portilla 6
The City of Tenochtitlan  8
What Greater Grardeur, from the Dispatches of
Hernando Cortez 9
Greater than Constantinople and Rome,
by Father Bernal Diaz deel Castillo  ii
Life of the Aztecs 12
Aztec Democracy: In Favor of the Common Man,
by Icazbalceta 13
Aztec Imperialism: Tlacaelel and Human Sacrifice,
by Miguel Leon-Portila  14
The Cosmos and Man: Aztec Humanism    17
Where Are the Roots of Men? 17
Does Man Possess Any Truth? 18
One Day We Must Go   18
Who Am I? ia
The Blood Was Fulfilled, from the Chilam Balam
ofChumvyel 19
Death Emerges from Lifet, Ife Emerges fron Death,
by Domingo Marti nez Paredes 21
1. THE CONQUEST. FLOWERS AND SONGS OF SORROW
No, It Is Not a Dream, from the Aztec Codices 27
We Come As Friends: The Meeting of Motecuhzoma
and Cortez 2-
The Fall of Tenochtitl.an  29
The Dirges 31
Broken Spears 31
Flowers and Songs of Sorrow  32
All Wars of Conquest Are Unjust,
by Father Bartolome de ias Casas 33
The Last Judgment 33
The King Must Pay 34
It is Not Proper That This Book Be Published:
A Royal Ceduila of Philip II 3
III. THE GENESiS OF THE CHICANOS
The Journals of Nunez Cabeza de Vaca O39
The Thoughts That Clothe the Soul of a
European 39
Our Countrymen, These Slave Catchers 40
From the Edge of the Mountains to the Stones
and Sand in the Rivers, The Proclamation of
Don Juan de Onate 42
The Vow of Povert,
by Father Jeronimo de Zarate Salmeron  44
Sonora Is Our Motherland, by Arnold R. Rojas 45
The Simple Pastoral Iife (Texas),
l)y Americo Paredes 47
The Vaquero, by Arnold R. Rojas 50
The Gold Miners, by Francisco Salazar 54
The Sheephirderers,  Fabiola Cabeza de Baca 59
The (amnipesinos, by Raymond Barrio 63
"The Braceros, by Ernesto Gaiarza 77
With the Coming of the Barbwire, Came Hunger:
Folk-Lore of the Texas-Mexican Vaquero,
by Jovita Gonzales 81
Los Caballeros de Labor y Los Gorras Blancas,
by Fabiola Cabeza de Baca 84
IV. THE GODS OF WAR:- DEATH TO THE GRINGOSI
The Invasions of This Modern Rome,
by lose Maria Tornel y AMendivil gi
To the Texas C'olonists "Mexican" Is an
Execrable Word  92
After We Took Them to Our Bosom,
They Destroyed Us 93
The Fal of the Alamno,
by General Antonio Lopez de Santa Ana 97
What Child Will Not Shed Abundant Tears
at the To1mb of His Parents,
by Got-ernor Juan Bautista Vigil 100
The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, Article VIII:
Rights of Mexicans Established in Territories
Ceded to United States 101i
The Betraval 103
California Is Lost!, from El Clamor Publico  103
They Have No Voice, by Dor Pablo de la Guerra  104
The Guerrilla Wars io5
I Will Not Submit, b Joanquin Murieta  1o6
Joaquin Murrieta, by Arnold R. Rojas -107
Love Secrets of Joaquin Muricta,
fromn an old newspaper log09
Suffer the Death of Martyrs, Proclamation of
Juan Nepominceno Cortina  111
Revolutionaries Are Also Sons of God,
by General Francisco Villa  117
Viva la Revolucion: We Are Heading Toward Life,
biy Ricardo Flores Magon  122
V. THE MIGRATIONS
The Roots of Migration, by Ernesto Galarza  127
Corridos: The Songs of Exodus 132
An Emigrant's Farewell 133
El Covotito  134
Deported '135
La Cucaracha  136
As Loyal Citizens of the United States 138
El Arrinsado: The Guest in the Land of Buf y Now,
Pay Later, by Antonio Gortmez  139
VIL IN THE BARRIOS
Life in the Barrios 145
On the Road to Texas: Pete Fonesea,
by Toimas Rivera  146
Tucson, Arizona: El Hoyo, by Mario Suarez  154
Tucson, Arizona: Las Comnadres, by Mario Suarez  157
East Los Angeles: Passing Time,
by J. L. Navarro  163
Los Angeles: The Sacred Spot, by Javier Alva  1y70
The Vatos 173
The Story of a Vato  174
Yon Are Lower Than Animals 175
Justice in the Southwest. Report of the United States
Conmmission on Civil Rights 177
The Caste System of Employvment, Report of the
Equal Emnploy ment Opportunity Commission  185
Manana Is Too Late-L-abor Standards,
m Alaclotvio I Barraza  188
VIL LA CAUSA: IN THE BEGINNING
The Plan of Delano  197
iHuelga!: The History of the National Farm Workers
Association 201
Why Delano? by Cesar Chavez 202
Nothing Has Changed: An Interview with
Cesar Chavez  204
El Malcriado: The Voice of the Farm Worker 208
The Dignity of the Farmi Worker 209
What Is a Movement? 2o1
Walkout in Alhbuuerque: The Chicano Movement
Becomes Nationwide 211
Venceremos!: Mexican-American Statement on Travel
to Cuba, by Luis Valdez and Roberto Rubalcaca 214
We Demand: Statement of Chicanos of the Southwest
in the Poor People's Campaign,
by1 Rodolfo "Corky" Gonzales 218
La Raza Unida, by Jorge Lara-Braud 221
VIII, LA CAUSA: LA TIERRA (THE EARTH)
Mother of All Life--The Earth, by Cleofas Vigil 227
The Land Grants, by Clark S. Knowlton 229
lMv Cow, She Was Almost Arrested,
Inb Tobias Leyba 231
The Alianza: A EHope and a Dream,
bij Fathcr Robert G. Garcia 235
Our Tfie Has Come 241
La Cooperativa. by Valentina Valdez Tijerina  242
Our Allegiance Is to the L,and, by Alex Mercure 252
X. LA CAUSA: LA MUJER (THE WOMAN)
The Act of Love. from the Aztec Codices 257
Do Not Throw Yourself upon Women 258
Must We Live Weeping?: A Father's Advice
to His Daughter 259
The Pioneer Womren, by Fabiola Cabeza de Baca 260
Songs of Sorrows 263
El Abandonado 263
La Firolera 264
El Sombrero Ancho 265
Madre z265
La Jefita, by Jose Montoya  266
Cruz, by Augustin Lira 268
The New Chicana 271
The Women of La Raza,
by Enriqueta Longauez y Vasqie z 272
La Madre de Aztlan, by Mary Lou Espinosa 279
X LA CAUSA: THE CHI CANOS
The Emniergence of the New Chicano,
bu Guillermo Fuenfrios 283
El Grito, by Guadalupe de Saavedra z88
Education and De-education  291
The Writing on the Blackboard,
Students of Los Angeles 292
The Word Was Made Flesh: Spanish in the
Classrooi, by Sabinte R. Uibarri 295
The Mexican American Child: How Have We Failed
Him?, from a Re port of the U.S. Office of
Education  297
The Blow Outs!, from the Chicano Student
News 301
The Chicano Movement: A New Breed 303
The Brown Berets 303
La Junta 305
Los Comancheros del Norte: For Machos Only 307
The Chicano Movement: A Controversy  310o
Reverse Racism, by Congressman
Henry Gonzales 3ii
TIhe Youth Will Be Heard, from Carta Editorial 318
Voices of the Chicanos 323
Aztec Angel, by Luis Omar Salinas 324
Mrusica de Mi'achete, by Benfanin Luana 326
22 Miles, by Jose Angel Guitierre  3z28
Jail Flashes, by Roberto Vargas 330
Segundo Canto, by Roberto Vargas 331
Poem in Lieu of Preface, by Alberto Alurista 332
El Loule, by Jose Montoya 333
To a Dead Lowrider, by J. L. Navarro 337
A Trip Through the Mind Jail, by Raul Salinas 339
Xl LA CAUSA: THE ARTIST
The Toltec (The Artist): He Makes Things Live,
from the Aztec Codices 347
The Good Painter 347
He Who Gives Life to Clay  348
He Is Whole 348
The Art of the Chicano Movement, and the Movement
of Chicaino Art, by Manuel J. Martinez 349
Chicano Theater, by Luis Valdez 353
Notes on Chicano Theater 354
El Teatro Campesino . 359
Bernabe, a play by Luis Valdez 36i1
Notes of the Playwright 362
Bernabe: A Drama of Modern Chicano
Mythology (scene 3) 364
XlI LA CAUSA: GOD AND CHURCH
"Thec Destruction of the Aztec Temples: I Overturned
the Idols, by Hernando Cortez 379
God and Man 381
Savings of Patrocino Barela 382
I Believe in God, But Not in Priests,
by Cleofas Vigil 383
God Is Beside You on the Picket Line,
from the writings of Cesar Chavez 384
Peregrinacion, Penitencia, Revolucion  385
To Be a Man Is to Suffer for Others:
God Help Us to Be Men! 386
The Church and the Chicanos 387
The Church and La Raza 388
Campo Cultural de ia Raza, by Alberto Alurista 389
Catolicos por La Raza 391
Jesus Christ as a Revolutionist,
by Dolores del Grito 393
The New Christ, poems by Abelardo Delgado  394
The Organizer 395
A New Cross 396
XII1. AZTLAN
The Children of the Aztec:
The Vision of Motecuhzorna 401
El Plan Espiritual die Aztlan:
Chicano Liberation Youth Conference 402



Library of Congress subject headings for this publication: Mexican Americans Literary collections, Mexicans United States Literary collections, Indians of Mexico Literary collections, Aztlán