Table of contents for World of our fathers / Irving Howe, with the assistance of Kenneth Libo.


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1 TOWARD AMERICA
1   Origins                                                 5
The World of the Shtetl  7
Ferment and Enlightenment    15
The Start of Social Change  20
The Prospect of America   24
2   Departure and Arrival                                  26
Crossing into Europe   29
The Lure of America    34
From Border to Port   36
The Ordeal of Steerage  39
At Ellis Island  42
A Work of Goodness     46
"Hordes" of Aliens   50
Open Door-and Closed     53
The Jews Who Came      57
2 THE EAST SIDE
3   The Early Years, 1881-1900                            67
The First Shock   69
"A Gray, Stone World"    71
A New Tempo, a New Way       74
Peddling and Sewing    77
Going to the Land   84
In the Tenements    86
The Implacability of Gentleness  go
A Chaos in Hebrew    94
Dislocation and Pathology  96
Voices of the Left  tot
What Migration Meant     I y
4   Disorder and Early Progress                            I9
An Early Combat     123
New Tastes, New Styles    127
Spreading Across the City  130
An Experiment in Community     133
The Failure of the Banks  135
Beginnings of a Bourgeoisie  137
What the Census Shows    141
A Slow Improvement     144
5   Slum and Shop                                        148
Working in the Shops    i54
Rising in the World   1y9
Ways to Make a Living    163
6   The Way They Lived Then                              169
At the Heart of the Family  171
Boarders, Desertions, Generational Conflict  177
The Inner World of the Landsmanshaft   183
Shul, Rabbi, and Cantor  19o
Versions of Belief  gy
From Heder to Secular School   200
Dreamers of a Nation   204
A Bit of Fun on the East Side  208
Up into the Catskills  21
Matchmakers, Weddings, Funerals    2/8
To the Brim    222
7   The Restlessness of Learning                         225
"Americanizing" the Greenhorns   229
A Visit to the Cafes  235
A Passion for Lectures  238
The Self-Educated Worker    244
Fathers and Sons   249
8   Growing Up in the Ghetto                             256
Parents and Children  261
Delinquents and Gangs   263
Girls in the Ghetto  264
Going to School   271
Jewish Children, American Schools  274
Immigrants and the Gary Plan  278
City College: Toward a Higher Life  280
9   Jewish Labor, Jewish Socialism                       287
Early Weaknesses    289
The Girls and the Men   295
The Triangle Shirt Fire  304
The Jewish Working Class   306
The Socialist Upsurge  310
The Meaning of Jewish Socialism  321
10   Breakup of the Left                                  3 25
Civil War in the Garment Center  330
Dual Unions-and the Furriers  338
A Network of Culture    340
Recovery, Growth, Adaptation    347
From Politics to Sentiment  357
11   Getting into American Politics                       360
Getting on with Tammany     365
The Jews and the Irish  374
Maneuvering Within the City   377
Low Roads, High Roads    383
12   American Responses                                     395
The Native Reformers    398
Stage, Song, and Comic Strip  401
From Henry Adams to Henry James      40o
Legal Rights, Social Rebuffs  409
3 THE CULTURE OF YIDDISH
13   The Yiddish Word                                      417
Sweatshop Writers    421
Poets of Yiddishkeit  42f
The Rise of Di Yunge    428
Three Yiddish Poets   432
The Modernist Poets    439
Literary Life on the East Side  44o
Yiddish Fiction in America  445
After the Holocaust   451
An Unyielding Voice     456
14   The Yiddish Theatre                                   460
The Vital Hacks    463
Time of the Players   467
A Theatre of Festival  473
Art and Trash    485
An Art of Their Own     492
15   The Scholar-Intellectuals                              497
Where Should They Go?      500
Dean of Critics   507
A Gifted Voice    511
A Disinterested Historian  513
16   The Yiddish Press                                      518
Kindergarten and University   522
A New Journalism     527
Tell Me, Dear Editor   533
Voice of Immigrant Socialism   537
Other Papers, Other Voices   543
The Time of the Day    545
Writing to the End   549
4 DISPERSION
17   Journeys Outward                                       555
Entertainers and Popular Artists  56
Painters and Sculptors  573
The American-Jewish Novelists    585
The New York Intellectuals   598
18   At Ease in America?                                    608
The Suburbs: New Ways to Live     613
Into the Public Realm   621
The Holocaust and After    626
Israel and the American Jews  627
A Fear Beyond Escaping    63o
The Immigrant Survivors    634



Library of Congress subject headings for this publication: Jews, East European New York (State) New York, Jews New York (State) New York, Immigrants New York (State) New York, Yiddish language New York (State) New York, New York (N, Y, ) Ethnic relations