Table of contents for American women : who they are & how they live / by the New Strategist editors.


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Chapter L Education
Highlights ......................  .......... .......       ...................    ......... 3
Women's Educational Attainment Has Grown ...............  .................................. .4
Young Women Are Better Educated than Older Women ......................................... ....6
Half of Women Have College Experience .. .................................................... .8
Non-Hispanic Whites Are Most Likely to Be High School Graduates .................................. 10
Many Older Women Are in School  ............................................... .............. 13
Women's College Enrollment Rate Has Been Growing .................   .        ......................... 15
More College Students in Nearly Every Age Group ......................... .. .................... .18
One-Third of Female College Students Are Minorities . ............ .  ......................... .. .20
Most Older Students Are Part-Timers ..................................  . ................... . 22
Asians Are Most Likely to Attend School Full-Time ............................................. .24
Objectives of Female and Male College Students Are Similar ......................................... 26
Among College Freshmen, Women Are Less Confident than Men .................................... .28
Women Earn Most College Degrees ................... ....................................... ..30
Women Earn Most Degrees in Education .......................  ............................ 32
Women Are Nearly Half of New Lawyers ..................................................... .. .37
Women's Dominance of Higher Education Will Grow ................ ........................... 39
Many Women Participate in Adult Education ..................... ................ . ......... .42
Chapter 2. Health
Highlights ............................................  .................      ........... 45
Most Women Are Overweight ...............................................................46
Women Are More Likely to Get Nipped and Tucked .. ................................. ........ 52
One in Five Women Smokes Cigarettes ................... ...................   ................. .54
High Blood Pressure Is Common among Older Women ........................................... ...58
Most Women of Childbearing Age Use Contraceptives ......................... .................. 61
The Abortion Rate Is Highest for Young Women ............... . ............................... . .63
Little Change in Childlessness during the 1990s .................. ...........................  . .65
Most New Mothers Are in Their Twenties ........ . . . .............................. .. ...  . .  . 67
Minorities Account for a Large Share of Births ..................................   ... . . . ........ .70
Unmarried Mothers Are Common .....................  ................................. . .72
Older Mothers Are Well Educated .....................  .................        .... ..  . .74
Caesarean Rate Rises with Age .. ........................... . ......................... . . . . 76
Young Adults Are Most Likely to Be Uninsured .................................. ...... 78
Women Are in the Majority among Those with Health Problems ................................... .81
Females Account for Most Physician Visits .................... .....................  . .  ...... .85
Prescription Drugs Use Is Widespread .. . ......................  .......................... . .87
Females Are the Majority of Hospital Patients .................... ...... ................. . . .89
More than 1 Million Receive Home Health Care ............................................... . .. 96
Women Account for Most Nursing Home Residents .................... ..         .... .  .... .. . . .98
Heart Disease Is the Leading Killer of Women ................... ...........   .  .. ..... .... . .100
Chapter 1 Income
H ighlights  ................ ...............................    .. ...................... 103
Women's Incomes Are Growing Faster than Men's ........................................ ... 104
Big Income Gains for Women in Most Age Groups ......................  . ................... .106
Black Women Have Enjoyed the Biggest Income Gains ................. .. .........       . ..108
Women in the South Saw the Greatest Income Growth ..................... .... ....... . .. ... 110
Incomes Are Highest for Women Aged 45 to 54 ............................................. 112
Among Women Working Full-Time, Asians Have the Highest Incomes ................................. 114
Women Are Gaining on Men ............. ................................................. 116
Women's Earnings Rise with Education ...................................................... 118
Pharmacists Are the Highest-Paid Women ...............  .................................... 120
Female-Headed Families Have Made Gains since 1990 .......................................... .. 124
Married Couples Are the Nation's Income Elite ............... . ................................ 127
Female-Headed Families Have Below-Average Incomes .......................................... 132
Low Incomes for Older Women Who Live Alone ................ .. .............................. .134
Most of the Nation's Poor Are Female ........................................................ 136
Chapter 4. Labor Force                                                    f
Highlights .................... ....     ..............................   ............. 141
The Labor Force Participation of Women Is Still Rising ........................................... 142
Unemployment Is Highest among Young Women .................................................. 144
Black Women Are Most Likely to Work ....................................................... 146
Most Working Women Work Full-Time ....................................................... 148
Working Parents Are the Norm  ................................................. .............. 150
Dual Earners Account for the Majority of Couples ................................................ .153
Job Tenure Has Been Stable for Women ............. ................... ................... 155
Women Dominate Some Occupations ............ ...................   ..................... 158
One-Third of Women Work in Education and Health Services ...................................... 167
Few  Women Are Self-Employed  .....................................  ......... ............... 169
Alternative Work Arrangements Attract Millions of Women  ........................................ . 171
Union Membership Is Unlikely for Women Workers ............................................. 173
Among New Workers, Women Will Nearly Equal Men ...... .............................. ...... 175
More Women Will Be at Work in 2012 ....................................................... 177
Chapter . Living Arrangements
Highlights ....................................... .......................... .........  179
Most Women Are Married ...................................................  ............180
Black Women Are Least Likely to Be Married .................. ................................ . 182
Divorce Is Highest among Women in Their Fifties .................................... ......... .187
Many Children Live with Their Mother Only ................ . ................ ............... .189
The Largest Share of Women Are Married Householders .......................................... 191
Women Account for the Majority of Americans Who Live Alone .................................... 193
Married Couples Are a Shrinking Share of Households ............. .............................. . 195
Household Diversity Is Greatest among the Young and the Old ................. .................... 197
Households Vary Sharply by Race and Hispanic Origin ........ ................................. .200
Only One-Third of Households include Children under age 18 ................ ..................... .203
Most Families Find Nest Slow to Empty .................... ............................. ...  205
Married Couples Are Much Better Educated than Single Parents .................................... .209
Husbands and Wives Are Alike in Many Ways ....................  ...................   ....... .211
More than 4 Million Women Are Unmarried Partners ........... . ...........  ..... ... .. .... .216
Chapter 6. Population
H ighlights  ....................................... ....................  .   ............... 2 19
Rapid Growth for Women in Their Fifties............ ............ .. ............... ............... .220
Females Outnumber Males by Millions ................... ...................................... .222
Hispanic and Asian Populations Are Growing the Fastest ................... .  ..... ....  . ... . . . .224
Only Two-Third of Females Are Non-Hispanic White ............ ................ ........ .. . . .226
Diversity of Females Varies Sharply by Age .................... ....................   ..... .228
Female Population Grew Fastest in the West .. . .............................  ........... . .. .236
Only 14 Percent of Females Move Each Year .................... ............................. . 240
Nearly Half the Foreign-Born Are Female ....................  ........ ................. . 244
Females Are the Majority of Immigrants ..................... ........................ ........ .248
Chapter 7. Spending
H ighlights  ................................................................ ... ........... 251
Married Couples Spend More than Average ..................................................... .252
Women Who Live Alone Spend Less than Average .................. ..... ..................... ..263
Chapter 8. ime Use
Highlights ......................... .....     ..................................... 273
Leisure Activities Rank Second in Time Use among Women ....................................... 274
Older Women Spend the Most Time Eating and Drinking ......................................... 276
Working Mothers Have Little Leisure Time .................................. .................. 278
Caring for Children Is Women's Work  ......................................................... .282
Older Women Spend the Most time in Leisure Pursuits .......................................... 285
Two-Thirds of Americans Are Online ....................................................... .291
Nearly One in three Women Volunteers ............ ...................  .................... 293
Women Outnumber Men among Voters .................................................... 295
Women Are in the Majority in Many Religious Congregations ...................................... .299
Women Dominate the Arts ................. ............................................. 302
Females Are the Near Majority of Participants in Many Sports ....................................... 307
Chapter 9. Wealth
Highlights .....................    ...............   ................................309
Net Worth Rises with Age .............. ...................................................310
Financial Assets Are Modest ......................... .................................. 312
For Most Americans, the Home Is Their Most Valuable Asset ...................................... .316
Most Households Are in Debt ..............................................................320
Homeownership Is the Norm for Older Women .................................................. .324
American Workers Lack Retirement Coverage ................ . .............................. .. 326
Expected Age of Retirement Has Climbed ............... .................................... 330



Library of Congress subject headings for this publication: Women United States Statistics, Women consumers United States Statistics