Table of contents for New directions in the history of nursing : international perspectives / edited by Barbara Mortimer and Susan McGann.


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I Introduction: the history of nursing: yesterday, today
and tomorrow                                                  I
BAABARA MORTIMER
The background I
Women j history 5
Gender 6
Professionalization 8
An jinernational agenda: race and ethnicitv 9
Education and knowledge 10
Nursing and the military II
The history of caring 11
Sources 13
Conclusion 14
Notes 16
2 Ethical lives in the early nineteenth century: nursing and a
history of caring                                           22
JULIA HALLAM
Working with (auto)biographies 23
The ethics of care 25
The context of caring 27
Nursing knowledge, skills and caring 30
Conclusion 34
Notes 37
3 Bergljot Larsson (1883-1968). founder and leader of the
Norwegian Nursing Association: a case study of the influence
of international nursing                                    40
SIGRUN HVALVIK
The starting point 41
The women's movement 41
The campaign for state registration 42
Ideals and ideas 44
Returning to Norway 45
Work of preparation 46
The founding of the Norwegian Nursing Association 48
Conclusion 51
Notes 52
4 Puerperal fever as a source of conflict between midwives
and medical men in eighteenth- and early nineteenth-
century Britain                                             55
CHRISTINE E. HALLETT
Midwifery practice in the eighteenth and early nineteenth
centuries 55
The medical writings qf the eighteenth and early
nineteenth centuries 57
Medical theories of puerperal fever 59
The responses of the midwives 62
Conclusion 64
Notes 65
5 Sanba and their clients: midwives and the medicalization
of cihildbirth in Japan 1868 to c. 1920                     68
AYA HOMEI
Ogata Masakiyo and Josan no Shiori 69
The modern as a model: case histories from
new-midwives 71
Construction of the dangerous and ignorant
pre-modern 72
The reality in the field 74
Oki-midwives criminalized 79
Conclusion 81
Notes 82
6 US organized medicine's perspective of nursing: review
of the Journal of the American Medical Association,
1883-1935                                                    86
BRIGID LUSK AND JULIE FISHER ROBERTSON
Honeymoon period for nursing 88
Emerging concerns about nursing: the 1890s 90
The early twentieth century: concerns about nursing intensify 92
The First World War 96
The 1920s 98
The Depression years 102
Conclusion 103
Notes 104
7 Race, identity and the nursing profession in South Africa,
c. 1850-1958                                                109
HELEN SWEET AND ANNE DIGBY
The development of a divided nursing profession 109
Nessie Knight Hospital, Sulenkama 113
Significant issues 120
Notes 122
8 Health care and nursing coordination during the Nazi era in
the region of Osnabrikk                                     125
MATHILDE HACKMANN
The region of Osnabriick 126
Structure of government during the Nazi era 126
Health care and nursing 128
National Socialist coordination in the region of Osnabriick 129
Conclusion 137
Notes 138
9 'In England we did nursing': Caribbean and British nurses
in Great Britain and Canada, 1950-70                        141
MARGARET SHKIMBA AND KAREN FLYNN
Training, education and identity formation 142
The migration of Caribbean women 145
Caribbean and British nurse migration to Canada 146
The shortage in Canada 147
Working in Canada 149
Practice restrictions 151
Conclusion 154
Notes 155
10 'Beware of worthless imitations': advertising in nursing
periodicals, c. 1888-1945                                  158
FLAINE THOMSON
"I to uch with modern methods': advertising in the nursing
press to c. 1900 159
'Working for the welfare o mothers and infants': adverising
to . 1929 163
Recession. advertising and the nurse on dut.y 165
Hard sell: guilt, fear and the nurse offduity 169
Nursing, consumption and ideology 172
Conc0usion 174
Notes 175
1 Exploring the maternity archive of the St Helens Hospital,
Wellington, New Zealand, 1907-22: an historian and midwife
collaborate                                                179
PAMELA A, WOOD AND MARALYN FOUREUR
St Helens Hospitals 180
Maternal deaths 183
Tears and sutures: inseribing the perineum 185
The descriptive gaze: breasts and breastfeeding 187
Conclusion 190
Acknowledgemeints 191
Notes 19]
12 Common working ground                                       194
JOAN F. LYN AGHi
Eight subjectslfor study 195
Things to worry about 200
What can be gained by an international approach to the
history of nursing? 201
Conclusion 201
Notes 202



Library of Congress subject headings for this publication: Nursing History, Nursing History Cross-cultural studies, History of Nursing, Cross-Cultural Comparison