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PA R T 0 N E Historical Overview 1 R E A D I N G The Lessons of History Will Durant and Ariel Durant 2 READING 2 The Art of War Sun Tzu 5 R E A DING 3 The Art of War and Military Thoughts Martin Van Creveld 9 Questions for Discussions 12 Further Readings 12 * PART T W O The War on Terrorism 13 R E A D I N G 4 America's New War on Terror: The Case for Self-Defense under International Law Jack M. Beard 14 READING 5 The New Cold War J. J. Goldberg 19 R E A D I N G 6 The Many Threats of Terror Richard L. Garwin 21 R E A D I N G 7 Rethinking Terrorism and Counterterrorism Since 9/11 Bruce Hoffman 25 READING 8 Weapons of Mass Salvation Jeffrey Sachs 32 RE A D I N G 9 A Systemic Analysis of International Terrorism Frltiof Capra 35 Questions for Discussion 41 Further Readings 41 SPA RT THREE Religious and Secular Theories of Just and Unjust War 43 R E A D I N G 10 Ethics and War: A Catholic View Joseph C. McKenna 45 R E A D I N G 11 The Peace Testimony of the Religious Society of Friends Thomas D. Paxson Jr. 50 R E A D I N G 12 The 1660 Declaration of Friends to Charles II George Fox and Others 54 RE A D I N G 13 War and Peace in the Jewish Tradition Michael Walzer 58 R E A D I N G 14 Interpreting the Islamic Ethics of War and Peace Sohall H. Hashmi 64 R E A D I N G 1 5 Hirmsa and Ahirhsa Traditions in Hinduism Klaus K. Klostermaler 70 R E A D I N G 16 Peace and Non-Violence in Buddhism Roy C. Amore 76 READING 17 The Just War MlchaelWalzer 82 Questions for Discussion 85 Further Readings 85 SP A R T F 0 U R Theories of the Causes of War 87 m Biological Theories R E A D I N G 18 The Biology of Peace and War Irenaus Elbl-Elbesfeldt 88 R E A D I N G 19 The Seville Statement on Violence 94 R E A D I N G 2 0 The Seville Statement on Violence Revisited John Paul Scott and Benson E. GInsburg 97 Questions for Discussion 99 Further Readings 99 * Economic Theories R E A D I N G 2 1 The Economics of War and Peace Christopher Mark Davis 101 R E A D I N G 2 2 The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers Paul Kennedy 104 R E A D I N G 2 3 The Arms Bonanza James Adams 110 R E A D I N G 2 4 The Global Arms Trade William M. Evan 114 Questions for Discussion 127 Further Readings 127 m Technological Theories READING 2 5 War in the Atomic Age Bernard Brodle 129 R E A D I N G 2 6 Technology and War Martin Van Creveld 138 R E A D I N G 2 7 World War III? Now? Geoffrey E. Forden 149 R E A D I N G 2 8 Chemical Weapons as Means of Attack Anthony Cordesman 150 R E A D I N G 29 Biological Weapons as Means of Attack Anthony Cordesman 157 READING 3 0 Technology against Terror Rocco Casagrande 164 Questions for Discussion 166 Further Readings 166 * Political Theories R E A D I N G 3 1 Multipolar Systems and International Stability Karl W. Deutsch and J. David Singer 168 R E A D I N G 3 2 The Spread of Nuclear Weapons: A Debate Kenneth N. Waltz and Scott D. Sagan 174 Questions for Discussion 181 Further Readings 181 m Psychological Theories R E A D IN G 3 3 The Frustration-Aggression Hypothesis Neal E. Miller et al. 184 R E A D IN G 3 4 Why Men Fight: Psychosocial Determinants Jerome D. Frank 187 R E A D IN G 3 5 Nobody Wanted War Ralph K. White 195 R E A DI N G 3 6 Know Your Enemy: A Psychological Profile of Terrorism Colin A. Ross 202 READING 3 7 Exchange of Correspondence on War Albert Einstein and Sigmund Freud 208 Questions for Discussion 216 Further Readings 216 * Sociological and Anthropological Theories R E A D I N G 3 8 Warfare Is Only an Invention-Not a Biological Necessity Margaret Mead 218 READING 3 9 An Anthropological Analysis of War Bronlslaw MalinowskI 222 R E A D I N G 4 0 Why Nations Go to War John G. Stoesslnger 227 Questions for Discussion 234 Further Readings 234 E PART FIVE Theories and Strategies for the Prevention of War 235 * Negotiation Strategies R E A D I N G 4 1 Getting to Yes: Negotiating Agreement without Giving Up Roger Fisher and William Ury 237 Questions for Discussion 257 Further Readings 257 * Nonviolent Strategies READING 4 2 The Politics of Nonviolent Action Gene Sharp 259 R E A D I N G 4 3 The Nonviolent Moment as Peak Experience Michael N. Nagler 266 R E A D I N G 4 4 Toward a Confederation of Israel, Palestine and Jordan William M. Evan 274 Question for Discussion 279 Further Readings 279 m International Law R E A D I N G 4 5 The Rights of War and Peace Hugo Grotius 281 READING 46 War Crimes William M. Evan 287 R E A D I N G 4 7 Legality of the Threat or Use of Nuclear Weapons (Abstract) International Court of Justice 295 R E A D I N G 48 The Constitution of Japan 300 READING 4 9 Kashmir: Invoking International Law to Avoid Nuclear War William M. Evan and Francis A. Boyle 301 Questions for Discussion 303 Further Readings 303 m Minimal Moral Framework READING 5 0 A Strategy for Peace Sissela Bok 305 R E A D I N G 5 1 A Global Ethic in World Politics Hans King 311 Questions for Discussion 314 Further Readings 314 m Peace Movements R E A D I N G 5 2 American Peace Activism Charles DeBenedetti 316 R E A D I N G 53 The Transnational Movement against Nuclear Weapons Lawrence S. WIttner 320 R E A D I N G 54 Antiwar Movement Morphs from Wild-Eyed to Civil Kate Zemike and Dean E. Murphy 332 Questions for Discussion 338 Further Readings 338 m Democracy, Democratization and Peace R E A D I N G 5 5 Grasping the Democratic Peace: Principles for a Post-Cold War World Bruce Russett 341 R E A D I N G 56 Democratization and War Edward D. Mansfield and Jack Snyder 351 R E A D I N G 5 7 Fanatical Terrorism versus Disciplines of Constitutional Democracy Chester A. Newland 363 R E A D I N G 5 8 Promoting Democracy and Fighting Terror Thomas Carothers 368 Questions for Discussion 373 Further Readings 373