Table of contents for Feedback control of dynamic systems / Gene F. Franklin, J. David Powell, Abbas Emami-Naeini.


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Preface xii
1 An Overview and Brief History of Feedback Control xviii
A Perspective on Feedback Control xviii
Chapter Overview 1
1.1  A Simple Feedback System 2
1.2  A First Analysis of Feedback 5
1.3  A Brief History 9
1.4  An Overview of the Book 15
Summary 16
End-of-Chapter Questions 17
Problems 18
2 Dynamic Models 20
A Perspective on Dynamic Models 20
Chapter Overview 21
2.1  Dynamics of Mechanical Systems 22
2.2  Models of Electric Circuits 34
2.3  Models of Electromechanical Systems 39
A   2.4  Heat and Fluid-Flow Models 44
A   2.5  Complex Mechanical Systems 55
Summary 61
End-of-Chapter Questions 61
Problems 62
3 Dynamic Response 72
A Perspective on System Response 72
Chapter Overview 73
3.1  Review of Laplace Transforms 74
3.2  System Modeling Diagrams 102
3.3  Effect of Pole Locations 107
3.4  Time-Domain Specifications 115
3.5  Effects of Zeros and Additional Poles 121
3.6 Amplitude and Time Scaling 127
3.7  Stability 130
A 3.8  Obtaining Models from Experimental Data 139
A  3.9  Mason's Rule and the Signal-Flow Graph 141
Summary 145
End-of-Chapter Questions 147
Problems 148
4 Basic Properties of Feedback 166
A Perspective on the Properties of Feedback 166
Chapter Overview 167
4.1  The Basic Equations of Control 168
4.2 Control of Steady-State Error: System Type 176
4.3  Control of Dynamic Error: PID Control 186
A   4.4  Extensions to the Basic Feedback Concepts 191.
Summary 210
End-of-Chapter Questions 211
Problems 212
5 The Root-Locus Design Method 230
A Perspective on the Root-Locus Design Method 230
Chapter Overview 231
5.1 Root Locus of a Basic Feedback System 232
5.2  Guidelines for Sketching a Root Locus 237
5.3 Selected Illustrative Root Loci 249
5.4  Selecting the Parameter Value 263
5.5  Design Using Dynamic Compensation 266
5.6  A Design Example Using the Root Locus 278
5.7  Extensions of the Root-Locus Method 284
Summary 292
End-of-Chapter Questions 294
Problems 295
6 The Frequency-Response Design Method 314
A Perspective on the Frequency-Response Design Method 314
Chapter Overview 315
6.1 Frequency Response 316
6.2  Neutral Stability 338
6.3  The Nyquist Stability Criterion 340
6.4  Stability Margins 353
6.5  Bode's Gain-Phase Relationship 361
6.6  Closed-Loop Frequency Response 365
6.7  Compensation 366
A   6.8  Alternative Presentations of Data 392
A   6.9  Specifications in Terms of the Sensitivity Function 398
A   6.10 Time Delay 407
Summary 409
End-of-Chapter Questions 412
Problems 413
7    State-Space Design 438
A Perspective on State-Space Design 438
Chapter Overview 439
7.1 Advantages of State Space 440
7.2  System Description in State Space 441
7.3  Block Diagrams and State Space 448
7.4  Analysis of the State Equations 451
7.5  Control-Law Design for Full-State Feedback 471
7.6  Selection of Pole Locations for Good Design 485
7.7  Estimator Design 497
7.8  Compensator Design: Combined Control Law and Estimator 511
7.9 Introduction of the Reference Input with the Estimator 524
7.10 Integral Control and Robust Tracking 536
A   7.11 Loop Transfer Recovery (LTR) 554
A   7.12 Direct Design with Rational Transfer Functions 559
A   7.13 Design for Systems with Pure Time Delay 563
Summary 568
End-of-Chapter Questions 569
Problems 572
8    Digital Control 594
A Perspective on Digital Control 594
Chapter Overview 595
8.1  Digitization 596
8.2  Dynamic Analysis of Discrete Systems 598
8.3  Design Using Discrete Equivalents 606
8.4  Hardware Characteristics 615
8.5  Sample-Rate Selection 619
A   8.6  Discrete Design 622
A   8.7  State-Space Design Methods 629
Summary 637
End-of-Chapter Questions 639
Problems 639
9    Nonlinear Systems 652
Perspective on Nonlinear Systems 652
Chapter Overview 653
1 I Introduction and Motivation: Why Study Nonlinear Systems? 654
9.2  Analysis by Linearization 656
9.. 'Equivalent Gain Analysis Using the Root Locus 663
,!.4 Equivalent Gain Analysis Using Frequency Response: Describing
Functions 673
A _     Analysis and Design Based on Stability 684
Summary 706
End-of-Chapter Questions 706
Problems 707
10  Control System Design: Principles and Case Studies 716
A Perspective on Design Principles 716
Chapter Overview 717
Si A n  O utlin e  of  C ontrol  System s  D esign  718
oi , Design of a Satellite's Attitude Control 723
i 3 Lateral and Longitudinal Control of a Boeing 747 742
i 4.- Control of the Fuel-Air Ratio in an Automotive Engine 761
S   Control of the Read/Write Head Assembly of a Hard Disk 769
0i  Control of Rapid Thermal Processing (RTP) Systems in Semiconductor
Wafer Manufacturing 777
Summary 791
End-of-Chapter Questions 793
Problems 793
AppuciAx A Laplace Transforms 807
A.\ The _- Laplace Transform 807
A . Final Value Theorem 821
Appendix B A Review of Complex Variables 823
8 t Definition of a Complex Number 823
B,2 Algebraic Manipulations 825
B.3 Graphical Evaluation of Magnitude and Phase 827
B.4 Differentiation and Integration 828
B.5 Euler's Relations 828
B6 Analytic Functions 829
B.7 Cauchy's Theorem 829
B.8 Singularities and Residues 830
B.9 Residue Theorem 830
13.10 The Argument Principle 831
13.11 Bilinear Transformation 833



Library of Congress subject headings for this publication: Feedback control systems