Table of contents for Archaeological excavations at Kukulik, St. Lawrence island, Alaska; preliminary report by Otto William Geist and Froelich G. Rainey--prepared under the direction of the commissioner of Indian affairs in cooŐąperation with the University of Alaska. Published by special permission of the secretary of the interior.


Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog
Note: Electronic data is machine generated. May be incomplete or contain other coding.


Counter
INVESTIGATIONS ON ST. LAWRENCE ISLAND,
ALASKA
POSITION .  .. .  .  .    . . . .      .    .   .   .   .  . .  1
PHYSICAL APPEARANCE .   .  .  .  .  .  . .   . .   .  .  .     1
M ountains . .  .  .  .  .  .  . .  .  .   .    .   .   .. .  1
Lakes and Lagoons     .  .  . .   .  .    .  .  . .    .     3
CLIMATE  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .     5
ANIMAL  LIFE  . .  . .  .  .  .  .  . .  .  .  .   .    . .    6
Land Mammals .     .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . .   .  . ..        6
Sea M ammals .  .  .  .  . .  .  .  .  .  .  .   .  .  .     6
Birds  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .     8
PLANT  LIFE.                     .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .......  8
GEOLOGY AND MINERALOGY....             .  .  .  .  .  . .      9
NATIVE POPULATION ..                .  .  .   . .   .     .   1.0
Distribution  ...           .  .  .  .    .   .   .   .   .  10
Social Organization . .  .  .  .  .  .  .    .   .   .   .  10
Shelter  . . .  .  .  .  .  . .  .  .  .   .  .    .   .   . 12
Clothing  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .     .  .  .  .. .     .  14
Food   .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .    .. . . .  .  .  .   .  .14
Travel and Transportation . .  . .   .  .  .  .   .. .      14
Reindeer  Herders  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .    .   .  . . .18
PREVIOUS ETHNOLOGICAL AND ARCHAEOLOGICAL RESEARCH ON ST.
LAWRENCE ISLAND    ..    .  .  . .   .  .  .  .  .      .   18
ETHNOLOGICAL AND
ARCHAEOLOGICAL RESEARCH               CONDUCTED
BY THE UNIVERSITY OF ALASKA'
1926 TO    1935
RECONNAISSANCE TRIP OF 1926.     .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .. .    23
BUNNELL-GEIST BERING SEA EXPEDITIONS, 1927-28-29 .  .  .  .   28
Exploratory Work in 1927  .  .  .  .  .  .  . .    ..       28
Further Exploration on St. Lawrence Island in 1928-29 .  .  .  34
ALASKA COLLEGE BERING SEA EXPEDITION, 1931-32-33   . . .
Excavation of Test Cut Through Kukulik Mound, 1931-32 .     38
(ompletion of Test (ut in 1933 .       . .    . .    .     44
Sod Lines Separating Cultural Deposits . . . . . . .       45
Appearance of Plant Life in Test Cut . . . . . . . .        46
UNITED  STATES DEPARTMENT OF INTERIOR-ALASKA      COLLEGE
ARCHAEOLOGICAL EXPEDITION, 1934-35 . . . ... .            47
Personnel  . .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . .  .   .       .   .  .  49
THE KUKULIK MOUND                           51
PHYSICAL APPEARANCE ....... . . . . .                    .    53
Summer Camp Sites .              . . .        . .   . .     54
Stepping Stones                   . .   . . . . ........ 55
EXCAVATIONS IN  1934  . .  .  .  .  . .  .   .       .  .   .  55
W est M ound  .  .  .  .  . .  .  . .  .  .   .    .   .   . 56
Two Small Mounds ..... . .              .      .   .  . .   56
EXCAVATIONS IN  1935  . .  .  .  .  .  . .  .   .    .   .   .  56
CHARACTER OF DEPOSIT    .... . . . .            . .      .    57
HOUSE STRUCTURES ........ . .                   . . . .       58
Modern House    ....... .            . .      . . . .       59
Second and Third Houses  .          . .    . . .     .      61
Fourth  House  . .  . .  .  .  . .  .  .   .       .  .   . 62
House 7, East of Test Cut.... .      . . .       .  . .     62
H ouse  5  .  .  .  .  . .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .   .   .  64
Posts in Front of House 6  . .  .....            . . ..     65
Structure Near Entrance to House 3  .   . . . . .      .    65
MEAT CACHE STRUCTURES. ..... . .                . . ...      66
M eat Cache 2   .  .  .  .  .  . .  .   .    .   .   .   .   . 67
Meat Caches 3 and 4   . .   . . . .     . . . . ..          68
Meat Cache 5    ... .   . . .              .      ..        69
M eat Cache  14  . .  .  .  .  ..  .  .  .    .    .   .   . 69
M eat Cache  15 .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .     .    .  .   .  69
Meat Cache 21   ..... . . . .              .       . . .    71
Meat Cache 37   .  .  .  .  . . .  .  .    .       .   . .  71
Meat Cache 24   ....                           . . .        72
SHEDS  .  .  .  .  . . .  .  .   .    .  .  .  .              73
Storm  Shed  3 .   . ..  .  .  .  . .  .  .   .    .   .   . 73
Storm Shed 4 .    ...... . . . . . .                .  .    73
Shed and Entrance at Base of North Slope  . .  . .. .       73
AREA OF BURNED CLAY .     ...... . .            . . .    .    76



Library of Congress subject headings for this publication: Saint Lawrence Island (Alaska)Alaska Antiquities, Eskimos Alaska Saint Lawrence Island Antiquities