Table of contents for Violence in schools : cross-national and cross-cultural perspectives / edited by Florence L. Denmark ... [et al.].


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1. Violence in the Schdols: An Introduction ........  1
The Editors
References  ..................................  7
2.  Conceptualizing Violence .....................  11
Herbert H. Krauss
The Ubiquity of Violence  .........................  11
The World Health Organization's View of Violence ........ 13
Demographics of Violence  ........................  16
Violence and Biology  ...........................  18
Violence, Social Psychology and Beyond ............... 23
WHO's Ecological Model of Violence ................. 25
Burke's Dramatistic Model of Violence ................  26
The St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre of 1572 ............ 31
References  .......................  ..........  34
3. A History of Violence in the Schools ............ 37
Elizabeth Midlarsky and Helen Marie Klain
Violence in the Schools: Historical Perspectives .......... 37
Historical Evidence of Student Violence  ...............  39
Historical Evidence of Teacher Violence  ...............  46
Factors Contributing to School Violence  ...............  51
Implications and Conclusions ...................... 54
References  ..................................  54
4.  Warning  Signs  ..............................  59
June F Chisholm and Alfred W. Ward
Perspectives on Violence  .........................  60
Prodromal Signs of Violent Behavior in the Clinical Literature  64
Prevention Strategies  ...........................  64
Primary Prevention Initiatives  .....................  67
References  ..................................  71
5. Developmental Aspects of School Violence ...... 75
Roseanne L. Flores
Introduction  .................. ...............  75
Developmental Precursors to Violent Behavior .......... 78
Developmental Precursors within Contexts of ^
Violent Behavior  ............................  80
Interaction between Community and School Violence ...... 82
Summary and Conclusions  .......................  82
References  ..................................  84
6. Gender and Ethnicity Issues in School Violence ... 85
Darlene C. DeFour
Defining School Violence  .........................  86
Gender and School Violence ................. .....  88
Relational Aggression  ...........................  89
Ethnicity and School Violence ......................  94
Gender and Ethnicity Implication for School
Violence Interventions  .........................  96
References .......  ........................   97
7. Sexual Violence in the Schools ................. 101
Beatrice J. Krauss, Herbert H. Krauss, Joanne O'Day,
and Kevin Rente
Definitions  ............. .................... .  104
Prevalence of Sexual Violence in U.S. Schools ........... 106
The Effects of Sexual Violence  .. ..............  ... . 109
Supreme Court Decisions ..................... 110
School Policy  ........... .. ......... ......... .  111
The Ideal versus the Real  ............  ..  ........ .  114
References  ..................................  116
8. A Transgenerational Perspective on Peace and on
Violence Prevention  .........................  119
Astrid St Uickelberger
The Backstage of Violence: Socio-Demographic Dynamics . . . 119
The New Architecture of Our World ................. 120
A Multi-Generation Society: Family System in Mutation .... 128
Conflict and Violence Between or Throughout Generations:
From the Structural to the Developmental Perspective .... 134
Structural Perspective: Link and Transmission from
Generation to Generation ....................... 135
Need for a Transgenerational Theory on Conflict
and  Violence  ...............................  144
Conclusion  ..................................  157
References ............ . ..................... 164
9. Bullying and Ijime in Japanese Schools .......... 169
Takashi Naito and Uwe P. Gielen
Japan's Public Debate on School Bullying .............. 169
Japanese Classrooms  ..............................  172
Definitions of Bullying  ......................... .  174
Defining Bullying from a Japanese Perspective .......... 175
Frequency of Bullying ...........................  177
Findings of a Cross-Cultural Survey and Some Additional
Data on Bullying  .................. .......... .  179
Some Determinants of Bullying in Japanese Classrooms .... 182
Concluding Remarks ........................... 185
Note  ................................ ........ .  187
References  ................................. .  188
10. A Perspective on Child Abuse in the Philippines.. 191
Richard Velayo
Brief History of Education in the Philippines ............ 193
School and Church: Institutional Powers in the Philippines . . 195
The School and the Filipino Child .................... 195
The Church and the Filipino Child .................. 197
Church and School as Culturally Intertwined
Institutions of Power  ..........................  197
Cultural Vagueness in Defining Abuse ................ 199
Prevention Efforts and Other Recommendations ......... 202
References  ..................................  204
11. Manifestations of Violence in Arab Schools
and Procedures for Reducing it ................ 207
Ramadan A. Ahmed
The Arab World, Land, and People: An Overview ........ 207
Variables Associated with Violence among
School Students  .............................  209
Measures and Scales for Assessing Violent/Aggressive
Behavior  ..................................  220
Behavior Modification Programs, Therapeutic and
Counseling Studies  ...............  ...........  221
Efforts, Measures, and Procedures to Reduce School
Students' Violent Behavior  ......................  226
Final Comments  ..............................  228
References  ..................................  229
12. Violence In Schools: Australia ................. 237
Judith E. Paphdzy
Programs Against School Violence  ..................  239
Resilience Promotion in Schools  ................... .  240
Resilience Programs in Schools ................... .  247
Resilience Promotion Information  ...................  248
Why Is ItImportant?  ............................  249
What Are The Outcomes?  ........................  249
References  ..................................  250
13. Predicting School Violence ................... 253
Daniel A. Krauss
Introduction  ................................ .  253
School Violence ............................... 254
Risk Prediction and Assessment  ................... .  256
Conclusions and Future Directions ................. .269
Notes  ................................. ....  270
References .............................. . 271
14. Preventing Violence in Schools ................ 275
Maram Hallak, Kathryn Quina, and Charles Collyer
Violence  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .   .  .  .  ....  .   .  .  .  .  .  .  .   .  .  .  .  .  .  .. .  276
Nonviolence  ................... ..............  277
Kingian Nonviolence  ................... ........  278
Kingian Training  ...................  ......... . . .  279
Effectiveness of Nonviolence  ......................  280
Do These Interventions Work? The URI Nonviolence
Project Evaluation  . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .. .  282
What Do The Findings Tell Us About Nonviolence
Training?  ........ .  ......... ................  288
References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  . .  . . . . . . . . .  .  291
15. What Can We Do About School Violence? ........ 293
Melissa Laracuenta and Florence L. Denmark
Developing a Safe School Environment ............... 294
Developing a Violence Response Plan ................ 295
Intervention Strategies  ..........................  296
Conclusion  ............ . . .   .  .   ... .......... . .  299
References  ..................................   299
16. Summary and Conclusion ..................... 301
The Editors



Library of Congress subject headings for this publication: School violence Cross-cultural studies