Table of contents for A nagging sense of job insecurity : the new reality facing Japanese youth / Genda Yūji ; translated by Jean Connell Hoff.


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Chapter 1                     9
THE UNDERLYING CAUSES OF JOB INSECURITY
The job insecurities of middle-aged and older white collar
workers / The actual state of unemployment by age and
schooling / Unemployment among high school grads more
serious than among college grads / The future of the labour
market / "Unemployed" and "not in the labour force" /
Will the unemployment rate go down? / A country where
only one out of every two works
The data speak
Why will only one out of two Japanese be working in 2050?
Chapter 2                     29
THE "PARASITE SINGLE" EXPLANATION
Worsening youth employment / What is a "parasite single"? /
Misperceptions about youth unemployment / The repercussions
of an aging workforce / Employment practices and the labor
market / The entrenched vested rights of middle-aged and older
workers / No hope for the future
The data speak
The graying workforce and hiring trends
Chapter 3                     51
MISCONCEPTIONS ABOUT FREETERS
An evil government plot? / The "seven-five-three" turnover
rate / The labour market's "cohort effect" / Vocational
guidance at the crossroads / Are freeters really the problem?
The data speak
Behind the "seven-five- three" phenomenon
Chapter 4                     73
AVERTING THE CLASH OF GENERATIONS
Reservations about abolishing mandatory retirement /
The current state of the mandatory retirement system /
The mandatory retirement system and hiring / Classifying
companies that have raised their retirement age / Is it
possible to revise the right of dismissal?
The data speak
Raising the mandatory retirement age and hiring plans
Chapter 5                   95
THE INCOME GAP AND THE JOB GAP
Wage disparity and a mounting sense of inequality / Is the
gap widening? / Performance-based pay and perceptions of
disparity / The job gap as seen from the perspective
of working hours / Job change, part-time work, and a dual
labour market
Chapter 6                  113
PERFORMANCE-BASED PAY AND A SENSE OF PURPOSE
IN ONE'S WORK
How are ability and work talked about? / Conditions for
implementing a performance-based system / A "training-type"
performance-based system / A performance-based system and
hope for the future / Changes that can be implemented right
away / The day "batteki" loses its meaning
The data speak
Performance-based pay and the incentive to work
Chapter 7                  131
CONDITIONS FOR A HAPPY JOB CHANGE
Why job changes among middle-aged and older workers are
unhappy / Stayers and leavers / Stayers' and leavers' outlook
on life / The key to a happy job change / Human relations
outside the workplace / Between the individual and the
community / A harsh conclusion?
The data speak
Finding a new job, going into business for oneself and
the importance of friends and acquaintances
Chapter 8                 157
BECOMING ONE'S OWN Boss
A way for freeters to earn a living / Global trends / Women
should become their own bosses / The "right time" for a
startup / Getting through hard times / "Establishing one's
stand" at forty
The data speak
The career needed for a successfull startup
Conclusion                 181
TALKING TO SEVENTY-YEARS-OLDS
Why aren't there any jobs? / And yet... / Don't "try hard"
at your job / What, then, should you "do"? / Having friends
you can count on / If you run into trouble at work / What I
really wanted to tell you



Library of Congress subject headings for this publication: Youth Employment Japan