Table of contents for Environment and human well-being : a practical strategy / Lead authors: Don Melnick (Coordinator) ... [et al.].


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Executive summary    1
Part 1  The problem    22
1  Call for operationalizing environmental sustainability  23
Environment and human well-being  25
Links to other Millennium Development Goals  26
Other links   33
2  Driving environmental change   34
Direct drivers of environmental change  35
Indirect drivers of environmental change  38
Controlling the drivers of environmental change  41
Key elements of environmental change  42
Regional diagnosis of environmental conditions  56
3   Why has environmental sustainability been elusive?  61
Lack of clear operational objectives  62
Insufficient direct investment in environmental management  63
Poor integration into sector policies  64
Inadequate institutional capacity, misalignment of goals, and poor
governance     65
Widespread market failures and distortions  66
Underinvestment in science and technology  67
Difficulty of regional and international cooperation  69
Limited public awareness   70
Part 2   The solution    72
4  Investing in environmental management      75
Element 1: agricultural production systems  76
Element 2: forests  80
Element 3: freshwater resources and ecosystems  84
Element 4: fisheries and marine ecosystems  86
Element 5: air and water pollution  89
Element 6: global climate change  91
5   Structural changes for environmental sustainability  94
Strengthening institutions and governance  95
Correcting market failures and distortions  97
Improving access to and use of knowledge  102
Mobilizing science and technology for sustainable development  106
6  Implementing strategies for environmental sustainability   110
National implementation mechanisms     112
Regional implementation mechanisms     126
Global implementation mechanisms     127



Library of Congress subject headings for this publication: Economic development Environmental aspects, Environmental protection, Sustainable development, Environmental policy, Human ecology, UN Millennium Project