Table of contents for Pastoral resource competition in Uganda : case studies into commercial livestock ranching and pastoral institutions / Frank E. Muhereza & Peter O. Otim.


Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog. Note: Electronic data is machine generated. May be incomplete or contain other coding.


Counter





Acknowledgements 9
About the Authors 10
Abbreviations and Synonyms 11

1 Introduction 13
   1.1 The Case Studies 13
   1.2 An Overview of Livestock Production in Uganda 18
       1.2.1 Land Utilisation for Livestock Production 18
       1.2.2 The Potential for Livestock Production in the Different Agro-
            Ecological Zones 22
       Notes 24

2 Commercial Livestock Ranching in Uganda     25
   2.1 Background 25
   2.2 The Development of Commercial Livestock Production in
       Uganda 29
       2.2.1 The Colonial State and Livestock Development 29
       2.2.2 The Individualisation of Rangeland Tenure 31
   2.3 Livestock Development in Post-colonial Uganda (1962-1971) 33
       2.3.1 Government's Policy on Livestock Ranching 33
       2.3.2 The Creation of Government Ranching Schemes 34
       2.3.3 The Terms and Conditions of Ranch Development 42
       2.3.4 Resource Degradation on the Ranches 47
   2.4 Resistance to the Establishment of the Ranching Schemes 48
   2.5 The Achievements of the Ranching Schemes 51
   2.6 The Development of Livestock Production:
       The Idi Amin Era (1972-1979) 52
   2.7 The Obote ii Period (1980 and 1985) 53
       2.7.1 Government's Livestock Development Policy 53
       2.7.2 The Civil Wars and Livestock Production 55
       2.7.3 Constraints to Livestock Production 58






  2.8 Squatter Pastoralism on the Ranching Schemes 59
       2.8.1 The Origins of Squatter Pastoralism 59
       2.8.2 The Alienation of Critical Dry Season Grazing Areas 63
  2.9 Livestock Development under the National Resistance Movement
       (NRM) 65
       2.9.1 Nrm's Policy on Livestock Sector Development 65
       2.9.2 The Resettlement of Landless Cattle Keepers 67
       2.9.3 The Commission of Inquiry into the Government Ranching
            Schemes 7o
       2.9.4 The Squatters' Uprising  71
       2.9.5 The Repossession of Ranches in Government Ranching
            Schemes 79
       2.9.6 The Restructuring of Government Ranching Schemes 81
       2.9.7 Rationalisation of Private Ownership 84
  2.10 Livestock Sector Development: Current Prospects and Future
       Constraints 91
       2.10.1 The Development and Management of Water Facilities 91
       2.10.2 The Increase in Cultivation on the Restructured Ranches 94
       2.10.3 Current Manifestation of Pastoral Nomads 96
       2.10.4 The Development of Livestock Production: What is the Way
            Forward 97
       Notes loo

3 Local Pastoral Institutions: The Case of Karamoja   in
   3.1 A Background   i1
   3.2 The State and Pastoralism in Karamoja: A Retrospect 113
   3.3 The Proliferation of Firearms in Karamoja  114
   3.4 Karamoja and the Post Independence State 119
   3.5 Set-up of the Adaptive Units 123
   3.6 Settlement Pattern and Division of Labor 125
       3.6.1 The Permanent Settlement 125
       3.6.2 The Temporary Settlement 126
       3.6.3 The Transition Nawii 128
   3.7 Distribution of Diets 129
   3.8 Adaptive Strategies of the Karimojong 132
       3.8.1 Forms of Social and Political Organisation: the Age Sys-
             tem 132
       3.8.2 Age-sets and Generation-sets 133
       3.8.3 Age-sets 134
   3.9 Eligibility for Initiation 136




  3.10 Akiriket 139
  3.11 The Dynamics of Power Relations: Authority of the Elders 141
      3.11.1 Negotiating for the He-goat 142
  3.12 Mobility 144
      3.12.1 The Grazing Camps 148
      3.12.2 Leadership of Ngalomarin 149
      3.12.3 Organisation of the Alomar 151
  3.13 The Question of Cattle Raids 153
  3.14 Politics of the Gun 156
  3.15 The Karimojong and their Neighbors 160
  3.16 Dry Season Grazing 162
  3.17 Taming the Gun 164
  3.18 Epilogue 166
       Notes 168

4 Conclusions 173

References 177
Appendices 187





Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication: