Table of contents for Killing hope : U.S. military and CIA interventions since World War II / William Blum.


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1. China 1945 to 1960s: Was Mao Tse-tung just paranoid?                        21

2. Italy 1947-1948: Free elections, Hollywood style                            27

3. Greece 1947 to early 1950s: From cradle of democracy to client state        34

4. The Philippines 1940s and 1950s: America's oldest colony                    39

5. Korea 1945-1953: Was it all that it appeared to be?                         45

6. Albania 1949-1953: The proper English spy                                   55

7. Eastern Europe 1948-1956: Operation Splinter Factor                         57

8. Germany 1950s: Everything from juvenile delinquency to terrorism            61

9. Iran 1953: Making it safe for the King of Kings                             64

10. Guatemala 1953-1954: While the world watched                               72

11. Costa Rica mid-1950s: Trying to topple an ally, part I                     83

12. Syria 1956-1957: Purchasing a new government                               84

13. The Middle East 1957-1958:
     The Eisenhower Doctrine claims another backyard for America               89

14. Indonesia 1957-1958: War and pornography                                   99

15. Western Europe 1950s and 1960s: Fronts within fronts within fronts        104

16. British Guiana 1953-1964: The CIA's international labor mafia             108

17. Soviet Union late 1940s to 1960s: From spy planes to book publishing      114

18. Italy 1950s to 1970s: Supporting the Cardinal's orphans and techno-fascism 119

19. Vietnam 1950-1973: The Hearts and Minds Circus                            122

20. Cambodia 1955-1973: Prince Sihanouk walks the high-wire of neutralism     133

21. Laos 1957-1973: L'Armee Clandestine                                       140

22. Haiti 1959-1963: The Marines land, again                                  145

23. Guatemala 1960: One good coup deserves another                            147




24. France/Algeria 1960s: L'etat, c'est la CIA                                148

25. Ecuador 1960-1963: A textbook of dirty tricks                             153

26. The Congo 1960-1964: The assassination of Patrice Lumumba                 156

27. Brazil 1961-1964: Introducing the marvelous new world of death squads     163

28. Peru 1960-1965: Fort Bragg moves to the jungle                            172

29. Dominican Republic 1960-1966:
    Saving democracy from communism by getting rid of democracy               175

30. Cuba 1959 to 1980s: The unforgivable revolution

31. Indonesia 1965: Liquidating President Sukarno ... and 500,000 others
    East Timor 1975: And 200,000 more                                         193

32. Ghana 1966: Kwame Nkrumah steps out of line                               198

33. Uruguay 1964-1970: Torture-as American as apple pie                       200

34. Chile 1964-1973: A hammer and sickle stamped on your child's forehead     206

35. Greece 1964-1974: "Fuck your Parliament and your Constitution,"
    said the President of the United States                                   215

36. Bolivia 1964-1975: Tracking down Che Guevara in the land of coup d'etat   221

37. Guatemala 1962 to 1980s: A less publicized "final solution"               229

38. Costa Rica 1970-1971: Trying to topple an ally, part II                   239

39. Iraq 1972-1975: Covert action should not be confused with missionary work  242

40. Australia 1973-1975: Another free election bites the dust                 244

41. Angola 1975 to 1980s: The Great Powers Poker Game                         249

42. Zaire 1975-1978: Mobutu and the CIA, a marriage made in heaven            257

43. Jamaica 1976-1980: Kissinger's ultimatum                                  263

44. Seychelles 1979-1981: Yet another area of great strategic importance      267

45. Grenada 1979-1984: Lying-one of the few growth industries in Washington   269

46. Morocco 1983: A video nasty                                               278

47. Suriname 1982-1984: Once again, the Cuban bogeyman                        279

48. Libya 1981-1989: Ronald Reagan meets his match                            280

49. Nicaragua 1978-1990: Destabilization in slow motion                       290




50. Panama 1969-1991: Double-crossing our drug supplier                       305

51. Bulgaria 1990/Albania 1991:
     Teaching Communists what democracy is all about                          314

52. Iraq 1990-1991: Desert holocaust                                          320

53. Afghanistan 1979-1992: America's Jihad                                    338

54. El Salvador 1980-1994: Human rights, Washington style                     352

55. Haiti 1986-1994: Who will rid me of this turbulent priest?                370

56. The American Empire: 1992 to present                                      383

Notes                                                                         393

Appendix I: This is How the Money Goes Round                                  452

Appendix II: Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798-1945 454

Appendix III: U.S. Government Assassination Plots                             463

Index                                                                         465

About the Author                                                              470





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