Table of contents for Transnational conflicts : Central America, social change, and globalization / William Robinson.


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Foreword and Acknowledgements                                   ix

Acronyms and Abbreviations                                     xiii

Introduction: Development and Social Change                 1
   Towards A Globalization Perspective                       1
   Origin of this Study and Methodological and Epistemological
        Concerns                                              3
    Organization of the Book                                  6

1 The Dialectics of Globalization and Development            9
   The Problematic of Globalization and Development         10
      Globalization as Epochal Shift and Systemic Change     10
      From a World Economy to a Global Economy                    13
      Beyond Nation-State Paradigms: Towards a New Transnational
          Studies                                                20
     Towards a New Conceptualization of Development         28
     Contours of Global Capitalist Society                        35
     Global Class Formation: From National to Transnational
          Classes                                                35
     Transnationalization of the State                          42
     Transnational Hegemony and a Global Social Structure of
          Accumulation                                           48
      Conceptualizing Global-Regional-Local Change               55
    Transnational Processes and Transitions to Global Capitalism  56
    A Globalization Model of Third World Transitions       56
      A Model of Transnational Processes                         61

2 The Politics of Globalization and the Transitions in Central America  63
    Central America as a Site of Transnational Processes     64
      Central America's Integration into the Global Economy and
          Society                                                64
      Social Structures and Social Forces in Central America: An
          Overview of the Transitions                            66





    Divergence and Convergence in Paths to Globalization: Country
        Case Studies                                             71
      Nicaragua: From Revolution to Counterrevolution         71
      El Salvador: Transition Under Direct US Tutelage        87
      Guatemala: The Paradoxes of the "Counterinsurgency State"  102 
      Honduras: A Divergent Route to Globalization              118
      Costa Rica: From "Exceptionalism" to Globalization     132

3 The New Transnational Model in Central America:
  I: Incorporation into the Global Economy                      147
    Central America in the World Economy Prior to Globalization  149
      The Crisis of Central America's Post-WWII Social Structure of
          Accumulation                                          149
    Central America's Emerging Profile in the Global Economy  156
      The Fourth Period of Central American Rearticulation and
          Expansion                                             156
      From ISI to the Maquiladoras                              159
      Non-Traditional Agricultural Exports                      174
      Tourism and Hospitality                                   189
      The Export of Labor and Remittances                       203
    Conclusions                                                 209

4 The New Transnational Model in Central America:
  II: Incorporation into Global Society                         214
    Restructuring the State and Civil Society                   214
      The Rise of Transnational Fractions and "Technopols" in
          Central America                                       214
      From the "Developmental State" to the "Neo-Liberal State"
          and the New Hegemony of Capital                       217
      Transnationalization of Civil Society in Central America  222 
      The NGO Phenomenon in Central America                     226
    Structural Adjustment in Central America: Commodification,
        Financial Liberalization, and Proletarianization     235
      Financial Liberalization and the New Financial Elite   236
      Neo-Liberal Social Policies: The Privatization of Social
          Reproduction                                          244
      Rural Transformation, Depeasantization, and Urbanization  252
    Transnational Social Structure                              259
      Restructuring the Central American Labor Force:
          Informalization and the New Capital-Labor Relation  259
      Transnational Migration                                   270
      Women and Transnational Processes: Global and Central
          American Dimensions                                   283




5 The Contradictions of Global Capitalism and the Future of
  Central America                                               295
  A New Cycle of Capitalist Development in Central America?  295
      Can Capitalist Expansion be Sustained?                    297
      The Viability of the Transnational Model                  300
      Global Capitalism and Social Exclusion in Central America  303 
      Maldevelopment for Whom in Central America?         308
    The Future of Popular Struggle in Central America and in
        Global Society                                         312
      Global Polarization and the Crisis of Social Reproduction  312 
      The Illusion of "Peace and Democracy" in Central America  315
      A Long March Through Civil Society? The Prospects for
          Counter-Hegemony                                     319
    Final Considerations                                        325
    Whither the Sociology of Development? From a Territorial
          to a Social Conception of Development                325
     An Afterword on Researching Globalization and Social
          Change                                               330

  Notes                                                         333
  Index                                                         387





Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication: Social change Central America, Central America Social conditions 1979-Central America Economic conditions 1979-Structural adjustment (Economic policy) Central America, Central America Foreign economic relations, Globalization