Table of contents for The empire writes back : theory and practice in post-colonial literatures / Bill Ashcroft, Gareth Griffiths, Helen Tiffin.

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GENERAL EDITOR'S PREFACE                                  ix
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS                                          xi
Introduction What are post-colonial literatures?                  1
Post-colonial literatures and English Studies        2
Development of post-colonial literatures             4
Hegemony                                             6
Language                                             7
Place and displacement                               8
Post-coloniality and theory                         11
Cutting the ground: critical models of post-colonial
literatures                                         14
National and regional models                        15
Comparisons between two or more regions             17
The 'Black writing' model                           19
Wider comparative models                            22
Models of hybridity and syncreticity                32

2   Re-placing language: textual strategies in postcolonial writing                                   37
Abrogation and appropriation                       37
Language and abrogation                           40
A post-colonial linguistic theory: the Creole continuum  43 
The metonymicfunction of language variance        50
Strategies of appropriation in post-colonial writing  58
3   Re-placing the text: the liberation of post-colonial
writing                                            77
The imperial moment: control of the means of
communication                                      78
Colonialism and silence: Lewis Nkosi's Mating Birds  82
Colonialism and 'authenticity': VS. Naipaul's The
Mimic Men                                         87
Abrogating 'authenticity': Michael Anthony's 'Sandra
Street'                                           90
Radical Otherness and hybridity: Timothy Findley's
Not Wanted on the Voyage                          96
Appropriating marginality:Janet Frame's The Edge of
the Alphabet                                      102
Appropriating theframe of power: R.K. Narayan's The
Vendor of Sweets                                  108
4   Theory at the crossroads: indigenous theory and
post-colonial reading                             115
Indian literary theories                          116
African literary theories                        122
The settler colonies                              131
Caribbean theories                               144
5   Re-placing theory: post-colonial writing and literary
theory                                            153
Post-colonial literatures and postmodernism       153
Post-colonial reconstructions: literature, meaning, value  178 
Post-colonialism as a reading strategy           186
6   Re-thinking the post-colonial: post-colonialism in
the twenty first century                          193

Who is post-colonial?                           200
Theoretical issues                              203 
Post-colonialfutures                            209
Conclusion More english than English            220
READERS' GUIDE                                       223
NOTES                                                238
BIBLIOGRAPHY                                        246
INDEX                                               271


Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication: Commonwealth literature (English) History and criticism, English literature 20th century History and criticism, Postcolonialism English-speaking countries, Postcolonialism Commonwealth countries, Postcolonialism in literature, Colonies in literature