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1. Introduction Exploring the Realist Image of Man 1 Main Arguments 5 Approach and Layout of This Book 8 Why is This Study Important? 14 Part I What Moves Man? An Analysis of the Realist Psychology 2. The Roots of Realism 19 Introduction 19 The Roots of Realism in the History of Thucydides 23 Alternatives to Realism in the History of Thucydides 29 Summary and Conclusions 34 3. Realism Goes Modern 37 Introduction 37 Niccolo Machiavelli 40 Thomas Hobbes 46 Summary and Conclusions 58 4. Realism Today 63 Introduction 63 "Classical" Realism in the Twentieth Century 67 Neorealism and Beyond 73 Rational Choice and Game Theory 78 Summary and Conclusions 86 5. Realist Man through the Ages: A Synopsis 91 The Realist Image of Man 91 The Role of Motivational Assumptions in Realist Theory 96 The Effects of the Realist Use of Motivational Assumptions 100 Part II Sunglasses at Night: A Critique of the Realist Psychology 6. What Is Wrong with the Realist Psychology? 109 The Incompleteness of Realist Motivational Assumptions 109 The Bias of Realist Motivational Assumptions 112 Realist Defenses 114 7. The Effects of the Realist Bias 119 How Biased Assumptions Produce Biased Interpretations 119 How Biased Interpretations Affect Realist Scholarship 120 How Theoretical Biases Affect Reality 125 How the Realist Bias Affects International Politics 133 8. A Self-Fulfilling Prophesy? 143 The Problem of the Self-Fulfilling Prophesy 143 The Prophetic Status of the Realist Paradigm 144 Concluding Observations 152 9. Conclusion: Great Debates and Small Suggestions 155 Realism-Where Do We Go from Here? 155 Complementary Motivational Assumptions in International Relations Theory 162 Transcending the Third Debate 168 Appendix: Biographical Notes on Authors of Classical Realism 175Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication: Political science, Realism Political aspects, International relations