Table of contents for Microscopy techniques for materials science / A.R. Clarke and C.N. Eberhardt.


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        Preface
        Acknowledgements
        List of figures
        List of tables

Part I  Basic principles

1       Interaction of EM radiation with materials
1.1     Introduction
1.2     Characteristics of EM radiation
1.3     Propagation of light waves
1.4     Elements of microscope designs
1.5     Photonics
1.6     References
1.7     Bibliography

2       Digital imaging and processing
2.1     Introduction
2.2     Digital data
2.3     The history of digital computing
2.4     Charge coupled devices (CCDs)
2.5     Digitisation and ADCs
2.6     Digital images
2.7     Storage and retrieval of images
2.8     Image enhancement
2.9     Errors and stereology
2.10    References




Part II 2D optical reflection and confocal laser scanning microscopy  161

3       2D optical reflection microscopy                             163
3.1     Introduction                                                 163
3.2     A large area automated, high spatial resolution microscope
        (LAAM)                                                       179
3.3     Case study: fibre orientations within injection-moulded
        composites                                                   199
3.4     Case study: the measurement of fibre lengths in image fields  212
3.5     Latest developments                                          218
3.6     References                                                   224

4       3D confocal laser scanning microscopy                       228
4.1     Principles of confocal laser scanning microscopy        228
4.2     Modern CLSMs                                                 235
4.3     Optical sectioning capability of the CLSM                    240
4.4     Calibration issues                                           249
4.5     Imaging modes                                                254
4.6     Case study: thin film particulate analysis                   267
4.7     Case study: fibre waviness                                   278
4.8     Future possibilities for CLSM                                298
4.9     References                                                   298


Part III Other microscopical techniques                             303

5       Complementary optical and EM imaging techniques             305
5.1     Introduction                                                 305
5.2     Raman microscopy                                             307
5.3     Scanning probe microscopy/near-field microscopy              314
5.4     Miscellaneous optical and EM techniques                      322
5.5     X-ray microscopy/tomography/microtomography                  331
5.6     Case study: X-ray microtomography of fibrous structures  337
5.7     References                                                   353

6       Other microscopy techniques                                 358
6.1     Electron microscopy (SEM/TEM)                                361
6.2     Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)                             371
6.3     Ultrasonics and scanning acoustic microscopy                 376
6.4     Case study: ultrasonic mapping of 3D stiffness constants of
         composite materials                                          380



6.5    Epilogue
6.6    References

       Index





Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication: Materials Microscopy, Electron microscopy