## Table of contents for Principles of mathematical logic / D. Hilbert and W. Ackermann ; translated from the German by Lewis M. Hammond, George G. Leckie, F. Steinhardt ; edited and with notes by Robert E. Luce.

Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog.
**Note: ** Electronic data is machine generated. May be incomplete or contain other coding.

I. THE SENTENTIAL CALCULUS
1. Introduction of the Fundamental Logical Connectives 3
2. Equivalence; Dispensability of Fundamental Connec-
tives 5
3. Normal Form for Logical Expressions 11
4. Characterization of Logically True Combinations of
Sentences 13
5. The Principle of Duality 15
6. The Disjunctive Normal Form for Logical Expressions 17
7. The Totality of Combinations which Can be Formed
from Given Elementary Sentences 18
8. Supplementary Remarks on the Problem of Universal
Validity and Satisfiability 21
9. Systematic Survey of All the Deductions from Given
Axioms 23
10. The Axioms of the Sentential Calculus 27
11. Examples of the Proof of Theorems from the Axioms 30
12. The Consistency of the System of Axioms 38
13. The Independence and Completeness of the System 40
II. THE CALCULUS OF CLASSES (MONADIC PREDICATE CALCULUS)
1. Reinterpretation of the Symbolism of the Sentential
Calculus 44
2. The Combination of the Calculus of Classes with the
Sentential Calculus 47
3. Systematic Derivation of the Traditional Aristotelian
Inferences 48
III. THE RESTRICTED PREDICATE CALCULUS
1. Inadequacy of the Foregoing Calculus 55
2. Methodological Basis of the Predicate Calculus 56
3. Preliminary Orientation on the Use of the Predicate
Calculus 61
4. Precise Notation for the Predicate Calculus 65
5. The Axioms of the Predicate Calculus 67
6. The System of Universally Valid Formulas 71
7. The Rule of Substitution; Construction of the Contra-
dictory of a Formula 79
8. The Extended Principle of Duality; Normal Forms 81
9. Consistency and Independence of the System of Axioms 87
10. The Completeness of the Axiom System 92
11. Derivation of Consequences from Given Premises;
Relation to Universally Valid Formulas 101
12. The Decision Problem 112
IV. THE EXTENDED PREDICATE CALCULUS
1. The Predicate Calculus of Second Order 125
2. Introduction of Predicates of Second Level; Logical
Treatment of the Concept of Number 135
3. Representation of the Fundamental Concepts of Set
Theory in the Extended Calculus 139
4. The Logical Paradoxes 143
5. The Predicate Calculus of Order co 152
6. Applications of the Calculus of Order w 158
EDITOR'S NOTES 165
BIBLIOGRAPHY 169
INDEX 171

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication: Logic, Symbolic and mathematical