Table of contents for Castles in medieval society : fortresses in England, France, and Ireland in the central Middle Ages / Charles L.H. Coulson.


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INTRODUCTION


         PART I. CASTLES: ANCIENT, VARIOUS, AND SOCIABLE

1. A FRESH LOOK AT EARLY CASTLES                                 15
  1. Fortresses in Transition                                    16
  2. The Carolingian Response to Invasion                        19
  3. Castles and Social Reconstruction                          24

2. VARIETY VIOLATED: SOME CONCEPTUAL PROBLEMS                    29
  1. The Modern Construct of 'The Castle'                       30
  2. Some Contrasts With the Sources                            42
  3. Castellaries Were Also 'Castles'                           49

3. SOME SOCIAL RELATIONS OF 'CASTLES AND FORTRESSES'             64
  1. Earthwork and Ashlar: Policing, Hierarchy, and Aesthetics  66
  2. Architectural Eulogy and Noble Ambition                    76
  3. Some Incidentals of the Castle Image                       84
  4. Conclusions: Part I-Castles 'For All the Folk'              91


            PART II. CASTLES AND THE PUBLIC INTEREST

1. NOBLE MILITARY 'LIBERTIES', ETHOS AND ETHICS                  98
  1. Weaponry and Architecture                                  99
  2. The Aura and the Abuse of Arms                             104
  3. 'Adventures', 'Feats of Arms', and Fortresses              112
  4. Castles: Innocent or Guilty?                               117

2. PEACEKEEPING AT HOME AND ABROAD                              128

  1. Fortifying and 'Purprestures', 1217-c.1274                 128
  2. Pacification and Fortifications, 1217-c.1226               135



  3. The Angevin Record and 'French' Treaties, 1160-1200          141
  4. Anglo-Scottish Affairs, 1209-1388                            149

3. PRIVATE PROPERTY BUT PUBLIC UTILITY                            154
  1. Legitimate Sequestration and Improper Demolition             154
  2. Lordly Castles in 'Public' Use                               163
  3. Class-Conflict and Fortification                             173
  4. Communes and Community                                       179
  5. Conclusions: Part II-Castles Were Not Anti-Social            186


  PART III. CASTELLANS, COLONIZATION, AND RURAL COMMUNITY

1. CASTLE-LORDS, CASTLE-LORDSHIPS, AND NOBLE
  CIVILIZATION                                                    192

  1. Some Greater English Castellans: Pride, Responsibility, and Danger  192
  2. Castellation and Jurisdiction As Insignia of Nobility       205
  3. Case-Studies in Seignorial Relations                         211

2. COLONIZATION AND FORTRESSES                                    224
  1. Castle-Building and Colonization: Ireland                   225
  2. Castles and Colonization, Mainly in France                   233
  3. Development and Confrontation: Bastides Not 'Fortresses'     239

3. POPULACE AND FORTRESSES: PROTECTION AND PERQUISITES            252
  1. The Refuge-system in England and the Channel Islands         253
  2. The Refuge-system of Castellaries in France                 264
  3. Castle-works and Services, English and Welsh                 275
  4. Guet et Garde, Plat Pays, and Forteresse                     285
  5. Conclusions: Part III-Noble Rights and Public Advantage      291


  PART IV. CASTLES AND CIRCUMSTANCES OF WIDOWS, GUARDIANS,
                           AND HEIRESSES

1. FEMALE CASTELLANS: PREVISION, NOT PREJUDICE                    297
   1. Differentiating Fortress-Factors: Mainly in England         299
   2. The Distinctiveness of Fortresses Under Chatelaines          311
   3. Some Vicissitudes of Heiresses and Dowagers                  327



2. LADIES OF FORTRESSES AND CASTLE CHILDREN                       339
  1. Thirteenth-Century Irish and Other Widows, Wards, and Castles  340
  2. Inheritance and Survival, Chiefly in the March of Scotland  350
  3. Chdtelaines in Prosperity and in Adversity                  366
  4. Conclusions: Part IV-The Social Matrix                      382

EPILOGUE                                                          384





Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication: Castles England History To 1500, Fortification England History To 1500, Fortification Ireland History To 1500, Fortification France History To 1500, England Social conditions 1066-1485, Castles Ireland History To 1500, Castles France History To 1500, France Social conditions 987-1515, Social history Medieval, 500-1500, Ireland History 1172-1603