Table of contents for The Cold War / Louise I. Gerdes, book editor.

Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog. Note: Electronic data is machine generated. May be incomplete or contain other coding.


Foreword                                            Io
Introduction                                        12

Chapter 1: The Fear of Communist Aggression

1. An Iron Curtain Divides Europe                  32
   Winston Churchill
   Europe is divided by an iron curtain that separates
   free democratic nations from totalitarian Commu-
   nist regimes. Until the United Nations becomes
   strong enough to preserve world peace, the British
   Commonwealth and the United States should form
   a united defense to protect struggling democratic
   nations from the tyranny of communism.
2. Protecting Greece and Turkey from
   Communist Aggression                            42
   Harry S. Truman
   The United States represents a way of life based upon
   freedom and must support and protect other free na-
   tions from communism, which is based upon oppres-
   sion. If Greece, Turkey, and their neighbors are to re-
   main free, the United States must provide financial
   support to fight Communist aggression in the region.
3. The State Department Is Infested with
   Communists                                      51
   Joseph R. McCarthy
   The world faces a showdown between the forces of
   Communist atheism and Christian democracy as the
   number of people under Soviet domination in-
   creases. America is threatened with defeat in the
   Cold War because Communists who have infiltrated
   the State Department are shaping American foreign
   policy. Only when these traitors are removed will
   honest government be restored.

4. Trial by Accusation Is Dangerous to the
   Nation                                           59
   Margaret Chase Smith
   The American people are losing confidence in their
   government because they fear they can no longer'
   speak their minds without being labeled Commu-
   nists. They also worry that their lives will be ruined
   based on unproven accusations. Character assassi-
   nation erodes the principles of democracy and
   threatens national unity.

Chapter 2: Coercion, Conflict, and Crisis

1. Appeasing China Means Surrendering to
   Communism                                        65
   Douglas MacArthur
   To avoid decisive action against Communist China's
   intervention in Korea is to surrender to the global
   threat of communism. When nations battle, the ob-
   jective is victory, not appeasement of the enemy. The
   United States should support the South Korean
   people and the efforts of United Nations soldiers
   who are fighting to protect the free nations of Asia.
2. A Victory over U.S. Aggression in Korea       71
   Mao Tse-tung
   Although the Chinese people want peace, they are
   not afraid of war. As a result of help given by the
   masses, China achieved victory against American
   aggression in Korea. Unfortunately, fighting imperi-
   alist aggression requires peasants to make immedi-
   ate economic sacrifices to protect China's long-term
3. American Colonialism Threatens World Peace    79
   Nikita Khrushchev
   The United Nations should support the right of
   states to choose their own form of government-
   even when their choice is communism-and help
   liberate developing nations from colonial domina-
   tion by American militarists and monopolists. In or-

   der to help relieve international tensions, the UN
   should consider Soviet proposals that support a pol-
   icy of peaceful coexistence.
4. Communist Nations Threaten Freedofi
   Worldwide                                         90
   Dean Rusk
   Communist nations coerce emerging nations to ac-
   cept their oppressive political systems. To strengthen
   Western solidarity, free nations must form alliances
   to promote the economic and social progress of de-
   veloping nations and protect them against Commu-
   nist expansion.
5. Saying "No" to Yankee Imperialism                 97
   Ernesto "Che" Guevara
   The United States failed in its duty to protect Cuba.
   Americans took advantage of Cuba's sugar trade at
   the expense of the Cuban people, but Cuba has suc-
   ceeded in its revolution against U.S. imperialism.
   Cuba has a new position of power in the world and
   must be willing to wage nuclear war against the
   United States in order to remain a free nation.
6. Facing the Cuban Missile Crisis                  102
   John E Kennedy
   Despite Soviet assurances to the contrary, surveil-
   lance reveals long-range offensive nuclear weapons
   in Cuba that threaten America's security. The United
   States has asked Soviet leaders to remove these
   weapons and will prevent any further shipments of
   military equipment to Cuba. Moreover, the United
   States will regard any missile launched from Cuba
   an attack requiring retaliation.
7. The Vietnam War Is Indefensible                  o09
   Eugene McCarthy
   The American people have lost confidence in their
   government due to its inability to justify the sacri-
   fice of American lives in Vietnam. The war in Viet-
   nam is diplomatically, historically, militarily, and

   morally indefensible. To restore the nation's confi-
   dence, America's leaders must end the war.

Chapter 3: The Threat of Nuclear War

1. The Menace of Mass Destruction                   I6
   Albert Einstein
   Scientists who are most qualified to resolve the prob-
   lems posed by the use of atomic weapons are kept
   from working together because the world is divided
   into opposing political camps. Unfortunately, the
   threat of mass destruction increases when nationalis-
   tic government officials-not scientists-are allowed
   to negotiate solutions pertaining to nuclear arms.
2. The Peaceful Use of Atomic Power                 IIs
   Dwight D. Eisenhower
   Since the first atomic bomb was exploded, the quality
   and capability of atomic weapons has increased dra--
   matically, threatening mankind with annihilation.
   However, atomic power can be used for peaceful
   ends, such as providing energy to developing nations.
   Nations with stockpiles of nuclear weapons should
   turn them over to an international agency that will
   encourage the study of peaceful uses of atomic power.
3. Nuclear Testing Must Be Stopped                  125
   Adlai Stevenson
   After years of talking about the threat posed by nu-
   clear weapons, those nations with nuclear technol-
   ogy must take the first step toward nuclear disarma-
   ment-putting an end to nuclear testing. The United
   States is willing to take this step but will also be
   prepared to protect itself and the free world if inter-
   national testing negotiations fail.
4. The American People Must Act to Prevent a
   Nuclear Holocaust                               133
   Edward J. Bloustein
   Although Americans are paralyzed by fear of a nu-
   clear holocaust, individual and collective efforts to

   address the problems posed by nuclear weapons can
   prevent such a tragedy from occurring. The Ameri-
   can people should share their concerns, help in-
   crease awareness of the problem, and aim for a
   commonsense solution.

Chapter 4: The Struggle for Peace

1. A Message to the People of the Soviet Union  143
   Richard M. Nixon
   The Russian and American people have a history of
   cooperation and are making efforts at detente by
   pursuing common interests: expansion of trade, ex-
   change of ideas, and control of nuclear arms. Great
   nations such as the Soviet Union and the United
   States have a responsibility to use their power to
   preserve world peace and discourage aggression
   among smaller nations.

2. Meeting New Global Challenges                   151
   Henry Kissinger
   Riots and a costly war have divided America. To re-
   store the nation's confidence, all branches of the
   government must be honest with the American
   people and base foreign policy decisions on the
   shared values of all Americans. Global challenges
   such as limited energy supplies require a foreign pol-
   icy based on cooperation rather than confrontation.

3. Building a Relationship with China              I57
   Walter E Mondale
   China is developing into a great modern nation
   and understands that countries hoping to maintain
   their security and ensure world peace cannot exist
   in isolation. Despite ideological differences, the
   United States has already begun to normalize rela-
   tions with China, developing strong economic,
   cultural, and political ties that will guarantee each
   nation's independence.


4. The Struggle Against Totalitarianism         165
   Ronald Reagan
   Economic problems and continued repression of hu-
   man freedom in Communist nations has revealed to
   the world that Soviet systems have failed. In conse-
   quence, a renewed struggle to liberate those op-
   pressed by these totalitarian governments is growing.
   To support those who struggle against Communist
   regimes, free nations must strengthen their alliances
   and develop their military capabilities.
5. Transforming the Soviet Union                    172
   Mikhail Gorbachev
   Nations can no longer live in isolation but must
   participate in global efforts to protect the environ-
   ment and promote human rights. Soviet leaders are
   restructuring the Soviet state, developing a plan for
   the demilitarization of Eastern Europe, and moving
   toward nuclear disarmament.

Chapter 5: The Berlin Wall: Symbol of the Cold War

1. A Call for Action Against the Building of the
   Berlin Wall                                     183
   Thomas J. Dodd
   Action, not vague protests, will prove to the Soviet
   Union that the United States will not tolerate Com-
   munist expansion. By taking action against the
   building of the Berlin Wall, the United States has an
   opportunity to show the world it can keep its com-
   mitment to support nations struggling to oppose
   Communist aggression.
2. Berlin Reflects the Struggle Between Freedom
   and Oppression                                  191
   John F. Kennedy
   Those who doubt the oppressive nature of commu-
   nism should come to Berlin to see the wall that
   Communists have built to keep East Berliners from
   escaping to freedom. As long as one man remains

   enslaved, neither Berlin nor the rest of the world
   will be free.
3. Tear Down This Wall                             194
   Ronald Reagan
   To create productive economic, cultural, and political
   ties with the world, the Soviets must tear down the
   Berlin Wall that divides East and West Berlin. While
   people in West Berlin have prospered, their Commu-
   nist neighbors in East Berlin have withered. Obvi-
   ously, if the Soviet Union seeks peace and prosperity,
   it must tear down the walls between East and West.
4. Remembering the Wall                            2oz
   Wolfgang Thierse
   Many who sought freedom died trying to escape
   their confinement behind the Berlin Wall. To honor
   their memory, to continue the protection of human
   rights, and to overcome remaining divisions, the
   world must remember the peaceful revolution in
   East Germany that led to the fall of the Berlin Wall
   on November 9, 1989.


Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication: Cold War History Sources, Speeches, addresses, etc, United States Foreign relations Soviet Union Sources, Europe Foreign relations 1945- Sources, Soviet Union Foreign relations United States Sources, World politics 1945-1989 History Sources