Table of contents for Franklin Delano Roosevelt / Robert S. McElvaine.


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Preface xi
Introduction: The Most Important President of the Twentieth Century 3

1. From Child of Privilege to Champion of World Democracy:
   A Biographical Sketch 15
   A Role Model in the Family  17
   The Wilson Administration and Wars Foreign and Domestic 20
   Campaigns Against Republicans and Disease, 1920-1928 22
   Progressive Governor and Presidential Aspirant, 1929-1932  24
   The First New Deal, 1933-1934 26
   The Second New Deal and a Second Term, 1935-1938  27
   Attention Shifts to a Different Kind of War, 1938-1941  28
   Wartime Leader, 1941-1945 29
Documents
    1.1  Note to His Mother, January 1888  33
    1.2  Letter to His Parents after He Enrolled at the Groton School,
          September 18, 1896 34
    1.3  Letter to His Parents from Groton, March 6, 1898  35
    1.4  FDR's Editorial in the Harvard Crimson,
          September 30, 1903 36
    1.5  Eleanor Roosevelt's Letter to FDR a Month after Their
          Engagement, Christmas Eve, 1903 37
    1.6  Letter from Eleanor Roosevelt to Sara Delano Roosevelt,
          December 2, 1903 37
    1.7  FDR's Letter to Eleanor Roosevelt, July 16, 191i' 38
    1.8  Eleanor Roosevelt's Letter to James Roosevelt on FDR's Illness,
          August 23,1921 39
    1.9  Letter to His Mother on Progress in Regaining the Use of His
          Legs, February 22, 1924 40
    1.10 Letter to His Aunt, Anna Roosevelt Sheffield, on His Work at
          Warm Springs, June 29, 1927 41
    1.11 First Inaugural Address as Governor of New York,
          January 1, 1929 42
    1.12 Presidential Statement Condemning German and Japanese War
          Crimes, March 24, 1944  44




2. Campaigns and Elections 49
   1910 State Senate Campaign 49
   1912 State Senate Campaign 50
   1914 U.S. Senate Campaign  52
   1920 Vice Presidential Campaign 53
   1928 Gubernatorial Campaign 53
   1930 Gubernatorial Campaign 55
   1932 Presidential Campaign 56
   1936 Presidential Campaign 62
   1940 Presidential Campaign 65
   1944 Presidential Campaign 69
Documents
    2.1  Speech at the People's Forum, Troy, New York,
          March 3,1912 74
    2.2  Address to the State Charities Aid Association, New York,
          January 17, 1930 75
    2.3  Walter Lippmann, "Governor Roosevelt's Candidacy," New York
          Herald-Tribune, January 8, 1932 76
    2.4  "Forgotten Man" Radio Address, April 7, 1932  78
    2.5  Acceptance Speech at the Democratic National Convention,
          Chicago, July 2,1932 80
    2.6  Speech Accepting a Second Presidential Nomination,
          Philadelphia, June 27, 1936 86
    2.7  Speech Accepting a Third Presidential Nomrination, 1940  88
    2.8  Campaign Speech, Philadelphia, October 23, 1940  96
    2.9  Campaign Speech, Boston, October 28, 1940  102
    2.10 News Conference, December 28, 1943  106
    2.11 Speech Accepting a Fourth Presidential Nomination,
          San Diego, July 20, 1944 110
    2.12 Speech at Teamsters Dinner, Washington, D.C.,
          September 23, 1944 115

3. Administration Policies 121
   Domestic Policy 121
   Economic Policy 127
   Environmental Policy 130
   Trade Policy 131
   Foreign Policy 132
Documents
    3.1  First Presidential Inaugural Address, March 4, 1933  141
    3.2  The Social Security Act, August 14,1935  144
    3.3  Executive Order 8802, June 25, 1941  151
    3.4  Statement on the Signing of the G.I. Bill of Rights,
          June 22, 1944 153
    3.5  National Industrial Recovery Act, June 16, 1933  155



    3.6  "Bombshell Message" to London Economic Conference,
          July 3, 1933 164
    3.7  "Quarantine Speech," Chicago, October 5, 193:7 165
    3.8  Offer to Exchange American Destroyers for Leases on British
          Bases, August 13, 1940 169
    3.9  Annual Message to Congress: "The Four Freedoms,"
          January 6, 1941 170
    3.10 The Atlantic Charter, August 1941  176
    3.11 Address before Congress on the Yalta Conference,
          March 1, 1945 178

4. Crises and Flashpoints: From the Banking Crisis to Yalta 187
   The Great Depression and the First New Deal 187
   Continuing Economic Crisis, "Thunder on the Left,"
   and the Second New Deal 194
   World War II 200
   Envisioning a Postwar World 207
Documents
    4.1  First "Fireside Chat," March 12, 1933  212
    4.2  Letter to FDR from a Man in Columbus, Georgia,
          October 24, 1934 215
    4.3  The Agricultural Adjustment Act, May 12, 1933  216
    4.4  Message to Congress on Tax Revision, June 19, 1935  222
    4.5  Fair Labor Standards Act 227
    4.6  Letter from Albert Einstein to FDR, August 2, 1939  228
    4.7  Telegram from Winston Churchill Outlining the Gravity of the
          War and Seeking American Assistance, December 7, 1940 230
    4.8  Press Conference Calling for Lend-Lease Program,
          December 17, 1940 236
    4.9  Message to Congress Asking for a Declaration of War,
          December 8, 1941 239
    4.10 Message to Winston Churchill, December 8, 1941  241
    4.11 Fireside Chat on the War, February 23, 1942  241
    4.12 Executive Order 9066, February 19, 1942  249
    4.13 FDR and Winston Churchill, Joint Press Conference at
          Casablanca, January 24, 1943 251
    4.14 Anglo-American-Russian Declaration of Teheran Conference,
          December 1, 1943 254
    4.15 D Day Prayer, June 6, 1944 256
    4.16 Yalta Protocol, February 11, 1945  257

5. Institutional Relations 267
   Congress 267
   The Supreme Court 270
   The Military 271




   The Media 274
   Business 275
   Labor 277
Documents
    5.1  Fireside Chat on Intervening in Democratic Congressional
          Primaries, June 24, 1938 281
    5.2  Schechter Poultry Corp. v. United States, May 27, 1935  286
    5.3  Fireside Chat on the Reorganization of the Judiciary,
          March 9, 1937 288
    5.4  President Roosevelt's First Press Conference,
          March 8, 1933 292
    5.5  Campaign Speech, New York, October 31, 1936  296
    5.6  The National Labor Relations Act, 1935  298
    5.7  FDR's Statement and Executive Order 9340 on the Seizure of
          Coal Mines, May 1, 1943 300

6. Roosevelt's Place in History:
   The Dominant Figure of the Twentieth Century 305
   A Character Profile 306
   Creating the Modern Presidency and Retooling the
   Federal Government 307
   Civil Rights and the Women's Movement 309
   War and the World Stage 310
Documents
    6.1  Roosevelt in Retrospect, 1950  312
    6.2  In the Shadow of FDR, 1983  316

Appendix A: Notable Figures of the Roosevelt Presidency  319
Appendix B: Key Events in Roosevelt's Life 352