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1 DEADLINE WRITING 5 Richard Ben Cramer, The Philadelphia Inquirer, March 15, 1978 Report from the Mideast: Shiva for a child slain in a Palestinian raid 7 ' don't understand the killing of children in the middle of the day. But I don't know if I hate them. This will not bring me back my niece.' Richard Ben Cramer, The Philadelphia Inquirer, March 17, 1978 Report from the Mideast: A walk through no-man's land 13 A reporter crosses dangerous territory in Occupied Lebanon and discovers the human cost of war. Mark Fritz, Associated Press, May 12, 1994 Only human wreckage is left in Karubamba 19 The civil war in Rwanda claims hundreds of thousands of lives. "Nobody lives here anymore." Francis X. Clines, The New York Times, March 20, 1988 In Belfast, death, too, is diminished by death 23 Another rebel body is placed in a coffin. A nearby piece of graffiti proclaims: 'I wonder each night what the monster will do to me tomorrow.' Sam Stanton, The Sacramento Bee, April 22, 1992 After life of violence Harris goes peacefully 27 The killer of two teenage boys faces the gas chamber in California, the first man executed in that state in 25 years. Rick Bragg, The New York Times, April 20, 1995 In shock, loathing, denial: 'This doesn't happen here' 35 The Oklahoma City bombing shakes a community, along with America's self-confidence. 2 LOCAL REPORTING AND BEATS 39 Saul Pett, Associated Press, May 25, 1980 The folks in Asheville-turned off and tuned out 41 A shoe-leather journey through the land of Thomas Wolfe discovers a disenchanted electorate in a presidential election year. Ken Fuson, The Des Moines Register, March 16, 1995 Ah, what a day! 47 The sun begins to thaw Iowa. The rituals of spring begin. Rick Bragg, The New York Times, August 13, 1995 All she has, $150,000, is going to a university 49 A woman who scrimped and saved all her life gives her savings to a scholarship fund for black students. Thomas Boswell, The Washington Post, September 30, 1980 Losing it: Careers fall like autumn leaves 54 "Mixed among the burst beer cups ... headed for the trash heap, we find old friends who are being consigned to the dust bin of base- ball history." Mitch Albom, Detroit Free Press, December 22, 1995 Mackenzie football star another gunplay victim 61 A young man, surrounded by guns, tries to escape a culture of vio- lence through athletic achievement. Jonathan Bor, The Post-Standard, May 12, 1984 It fluttered and became Bruce Murray's heart 68 A new heart is flown from St. Louis to New York in an ice-filled beer cooler. Will it make it in time to save a man's life? 3 OBITUARIES AND FUNERALS 73 Jim Nicholson, The Philadelphia Daily News, April 2, 1986 Tastykake retiree Marie Byrne 75 A kind Irish woman "took in neighborhood runaways but was tough enough to keep them and her own kids in line." Jim Nicholson, The Philadelphia Daily News, September 3, 1986 John Ciavardone, veteran blinded during WWII 78 A neighborhood protected an American soldier who lost his sight as a young man on the battlefields of Europe. Jim Nicholson, The Philadelphia Daily News, March 19, 1986 Edward E. 'Ace' Clark, ice and coal dealer 80 He drove a horse-drawn ice wagon and liked to deliver the iceman's line: 'Every man has a wife, but an iceman has his pick.' David Von Drehle, The Washington Post, April 28, 1994 Men of steel are melting with age 83 The funeral of Richard Nixon brings out the old Republican guard, a cadre of once powerful men who now ponder their own mortality. Tom Shales, The Washington Post, January 16, 1987 Ray Bolger, the immortal Scarecrow 87 One movie role turned a song-and-dance man into an American cultural icon. Tom Shales, The Washington Post, May 16, 1987 Rita Hayworth: The glory of a goddess 90 "She was the Mona Lisa of pinups-not just a seductive image, but the very image of seduction." 4 CRIME AND COURTS 93 Linnet Myers, Chicago Tribune, February 12, 1989 Humanity on trial 95 "Murderers walk these halls, and the mothers of murderers, and the mothers of the murdered too." Thomas French, St. Petersburg Times, June 12, 1988 A cry in the night, part one: Ghosts 105 The screams of a dying woman are heard by neighbors, but no one calls the police. The firefighter who lives across the street is arrested and tried for the murder. Anne Hull, St. Petersburg Times, May 2, 1993 Metal to bone: Day 1: Click 113 On the Fourth of July a young policewoman feels a gun barrel against her skull, and then hears a click. 5 BUSINESS REPORTING AND 129 EXPLANATORY JOURNALISM William E. Blundell, The Wall Street Journal, June 10, 1981 The life of a cowboy: Drudgery and danger 131 Jim Miller represents a dying breed of real cowboys in an era of shiny belt buckles and mechanical bulls. Peter Rinearson, The Seattle Times, June 19, 1983 Making it fly: Designing the 757 139 Building a new jetliner requires innovation, compromise and a bizarre test involving anesthetized chickens. Michael Gartner, The Daily Tribune, August 2, 1995 Property tax exemptions: Legal but terribly unfair 150 Some people in this small town have to pay all their taxes. Others don't. The law is the culprit. 6 OPINION AND PERSUASION 154 Murray Kempton, Newsday, April 29,1984 "If I leave you, baby, count the days I'm gone" 156 The death of a jazz artist leaves a legacy of greatness that lives on in both memory and music. Murray Kempton, Newsday, November 9, 1984 A woman burned while police had their danish 159 A city haunted by a famous case of civic cowardice faces another case involving gross negligence by the police. Richard Aregood, The Philadelphia Daily News, March 15, 1990 Tugs at the curtain, but wizard's lips remain frozen 161 Politicians in Washington have plans for cutting taxes, but they are illusions... John Fensterwald, Concord Monitor, January 28, 1991 A teacher still 165 "It was five years ago today that the Challenger soared off into a cold morning sun and then plunged the nation into sorrow." Donna Britt, The Washington Post, November 30, 1993 A one-word assault on women 168 A young woman wears rhinestones around her neck. They form a word that shames her and denigrates all women. 7 THE PROFILE AND FEATURE STORY 172 Greta Tilley, Greensboro News & Record, February 7, 1982 A suicide at age 16 174 Family and friends search for answers to the mystery of a promising teenage girl who takes her own life. Blame Harden, The Washington Post, November 8, 1987 Life, death, and corruption on an African mainstream 186 Part supermarket, part disco, part brothel, part slaughterhouse, the boat makes its journey into the heart of darkness. Cynthia Gorney, The Washington Post, May 21, 1979 Dr. Seuss: Wild orchestrator of plausible nonsense for kids 195 One of the world's great authors of children's literature offers a tour of his house and his imagination. Saul Pett, Associated Press, November 30, 1980 Koch grabs Big Apple and shakes it 204 The mayor of New York is a "mixed metaphor of a politician," as feisty and independent as the city he represents. Diana Griego Erwin, The Orange County Register, May 25, 1989 His dreams belong to the next generation 211 A Mexican-born man seeks dignity and respect in America, but too often is treated "like a burro." Diana Griego Erwin, The Orange County Register, July 6, 1989 An old flame still burns after 50 years 214 An old man still fantasizes about a beautiful woman he loved long ago, and then he sees her again. David Finkel, St. Petersburg Times, May 5, 1985 For Lerro, Skyway nightmare never ends 216 A freak storm, a huge tanker, a fragile bridge and 35 are dead. One man bears the tragic burden of blame. 8 THE CLASSICS 226 Richard Wright, New Masses, October 8, 1935 Joe Louis uncovers dynamite 228 The victory of a heavyweight champion inspires a celebration in the streets of Chicago that reflects pride and aspirations for freedom. Red Smith, New York Herald Tribune, October 4, 1951 Miracle of Coogan's Bluff 233 A dramatic ending of a baseball game in New York becomes one of the greatest moments in sports history. Ernie Pyle, Scripps Howard Newspaper Alliance, January 10, 1944 The death of Captain Henry Waskow 237 American soldiers in World War II mourn the death of a beloved captain, who is shot down in the hills of Italy. Harold A. Littledale, New York Evening Post, January 12, 1917 Prisoners with midnight in their hearts 240 An expose of horrific conditions within a prison system ends with a call for action. Marvel Cooke, The Daily Compass, 1950 From "The Bronx slave market" 245 Women day workers in New York City are exploited, performing menial tasks for low wages. Dorothy Thompson, New York Herald Tribune, November 2, 1938 Mr. Welles and mass delusion 252 "The newspapers are correct in playing up this story over every other news event in the world. It is the story of the century." Eugene Patterson, The Atlanta Constitution, September 16, 1963 A flower for the graves 256 Four black children die in a church bombing in Birmingham. The white racist South must take the blame. Meyer Berger, The New York Times, January 23, 1959 About New York 259 An old blind man, down and out, is taken to a Catholic hospital where his secret is revealed: He was once a great violinist. 9 THE CRAFT OF WRITING GREAT STORIES THE BUILDING BLOCKS OF THE STORY 263 The Inverted Pyramid 264 The Process of Writing and Reporting 266 Generating story ideas, 266 Collecting information, 267 The Process of Producing a Story, 267 Finding a focus with the lead, 267 Selecting the best material, 268 Creating a plan for the story, 268 Creating a draft, 269 Revising and clarifying, 269 The Hourglass Structure 270 THE LANGUAGE OF JOURNALISM 272 Is Concrete and Specific 273 Is Active 275 Makes Meaning Early 277 Is Democratic 279 Has a Voice 280 Strives for Clarity 281 WRITING TO INFORM, WRITING TO ENGAGE 282 Pointing You There, Putting You There 283 Writing with "Gold Coins" 287 MAKING HARD FACTS EASY READING 288 Thinking Tools 289 Envision a general audience, 289 Tell it to a friend, 290 Think graphics, 290 Look for the human side, 290 Find the microcosm, 291 Develop a chronology, 291 Consider the impact, 291 Cool off, 292 Read it aloud, 292 Eliminate unnecessary information, 292 Drafting Tools 293 Slow the pace of information, 293 Introduce new or difficult elements one at a time, 293 Recognize the value of repetition, 294 Don't clutter leads, 294 Use simple sentences, 295 Remember that numbers can be numbing, 295 Translate jargon, 296 Announce difficult concepts, 296 Compile lists, 296 THE ETHICS OF NONFICTION WRITING 296 Do Not Add. Do Not Deceive. 299 Four Supporting Strategies 300 Be unobtrusive, 300 Make sure that stories ring true, 300 Make sure that stories check out, 301 Report and write with humility, 301 Reporting the World 302 Literary Devices in Nonfiction Writing 304 Appendix A: CollegeJournalism Awards 306 Appendix B: American Society of Newspaper Editors Distinguished Winners and Finalists 1979-1999 308