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Preface Acknowledgments Chapter 1. Sustainability and Site Design Population and Demographics Anticipated Effects of Global Climate Change Land Use Sustainable Development Principles Green Building Materials Pipe Materials Cement and Concrete Treated Lumber Measuring Sustainability Chapter 2. Site Analysis Site Analysis Location Collecting Site Information Topography USDA Plant Hardiness Zones FEMA Maps Vegetation Current Aerial Photogrammetry Historical Aerial Photography USDA Soil Surveys Hazardous Soil Conditions Hydrology Local Records and History Infrastructure Assessing "Fit" What Are the Program Requirements? ADA and Pedestrian Access Community Standards and Expectations Environmental Conditions Environmental Site Assessment Why Perform a Site Assessment? Format of a Site Assessment The Phase I Site Assessment Brownfields Chapter 3. Site Grading Engineering Properties of Soil The Balanced Site Hillside Developments Minimizing the Impact of Site Grading Minimizing the Amount of Disturbance on a Site Using Grade Changes Effectively Site Stabilization Mulches Slope Stability Causes of Slope Failure Retaining Walls Erosion and Sediment Control Site Management The Startup Meeting Chapter 4. Designing for People General Site Design Guidelines for Pedestrians Walkways Paving Materials and Design Open-Space Requirements Accessibility and Open Space Open Space for Older Users Playgrounds Bicycle and Multiple-Use Paths Seating Walls and Fences Fences Walls Signage Water Features Pools and Ponds Pumps Plazas and Patios Chapter 5. Street and Parking Lot Design Street Design Street Layout and Engineering Estimating Traffic Flow Vehicle Dimensions and Turning Radii Sight Distance Calculation Vertical Curves Horizontal Alignment Intersections Streets for People Nontraditional Street Design Traffic Calming Cul-de-Sac Design Traditional Street Design Parking Area Design How Much Parking Is Enough? Way Finding Pavement Design Porous Paving to Reduce Runoff Reducing the Negative Environmental Impacts of Parking Lots Chapter 6. Infrastructure Storm Water Management Estimating Peak Runoff with the Rational Method Strategies for Storm Water Management in Arid Areas Swales Infiltration and Recharge Dry Wells Filter Strips Sand Filters Infiltration Trenches Infiltration Basins Rain Gardens Detention and Retention Basins Other Storm Water Management Methods Sanitary Sewer Collection Systems Onsite Sewage Disposal Systems Chapter 7. Landscape Restoration Restoring Vegetative Cover Site Evaluation and Plant Selection Cultural Operations Using Sod Enhancing Slope Stabilization with Trees Streams Sinuousity Stream Assessment Riparian Zones Stream Bank Stabilization Establishing Stream Bank Vegetation Nonvegetative Bank Stabilization Wetlands Constructed Wetlands Restoration Planning Wetland Protection Erosion Damage Brownfield Redevelopment General Elements of State Programs Liability Protection Cleanup Standards Risk and Risk Management General Strategies Design Concerns Development on a Capped Site Chapter 8. Site Layout Landscape Ecology Site Layout Residence and Residential Community Design Emerging Practices Lot Layout Alternatives Easements and Rights-of-Way Affordable Housing Site Design Design for Security Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design Territory, Access, and Surveillance Lighting Commercial Site Design Site Location Building Location Chapter 9. Vegetation in the Site Plan Planting Design Native Plants Exotic and Invasive Species Using Trees in the Landscape Tree and Shrub Planting Urban Trees Selecting and Placing New Trees Preserving Trees Trees in Fill Trees in Cut Trees and Carbon Management Phytoremediation Bioremediation Meadows Toxic Plants Chapter 10. Project Management Issues The Project Manager Communication Leadership Managing Change in the Organization The Computer in Project Management Contracting Professional Liability Quality Assurance in the Design Process Getting Paid Greening Up the Design Practice Dealing with the Public Presentations Not in My Backyard Chapter 11. Historic Landscapes and Preserving the Land Investigation of the Historic Landscape Using Historical Photographs and Photography in the Site Analysis Landscape Style in the United States Planning for the Historic Landscape Creating Navigable Pathways Adapting the Historic Landscape for Modern Use Accessibility on the Historic Landscape Meeting Environmental Challenges in Landscaping Historic Sites Land Preservation Preventing Changes in Use The Effect of Preservation on Local Revenue The Effect of Preservation on Growth Controls The Effect of Land Uses on Property Prices Chapter 12. Landscape and Culture The Use of Land Public Land and Private Land Growth Controls Land Takings Sustainable Development Building the Postindustrial Landscape Landscape Ecology and People Science and Design Principles of Sustainability Emerging Trends Challenges Appendix A. Environmental Site Assessments Appendix B. A Preparedness, Prevention, and Contingency Plan References Index