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INTRODUCTION Narratives of Power: Capacities of Myth in Albania Stephanie Schwandner-Sievers 3 The Nature of Myth: Some Theoretical Aspects George Schdpflin 26 I. THE HISTORY OF ALBANIAN MYTH PRODUCTION Invention of a Nationalism: Myth and Amnesia Piro Misha 33 The Role of Education in the Formation of Albanian Identity and its Myths Isa Blumi 49 Religion and the Politics of'Albanianism': Naim Frasheri's Bektashi Writings Ger Duijzings 60 Myths of Albanian National Identity: Some Key Elements, as Expressed in the Works of Albanian Writers in America in the Early Twentieth Century Noel Malcolm 70 Part II. MYTHS IN COMMUNIST POLITICS, SOCIETY AND CULTURE Between the Glory of a Virtual World and the Misery of a Real World Fatos Lubonja 91 Ismail Kadare's The H-File and the Making of the Homeric Verse: Variations on the Works and Lives of Milman Parry and Albert Lord Galia Valtchinova 104 Enver Hoxha's Role in the Development of Socialist Albanian Myths M.J. Alex Standish 115 Part III. NATIONALIST HISTORIOGRAPHY OR FRIENDS, FOES AND HEROES The Myth of Ali Pasha and the Bektashis: The Construction of an 'Albanian Bektashi National History' Nathalie Clayer 127 Perceptions and Reality in Twentieth-Century Albanian Military Prowess Bernd J. Fischer 134 Smoke Without Fire? Albania, SOE and the Communist 'Conspiracy Theory' Roderick Bailey 143 Part IV MYTHS AND CONTESTED BOUNDARIES 'Shkolla Shqipe' and Nationhood: Albanians in Pursuit of Education in the Native Language in Interwar (1918-41) and Post-Autonomy (1989-98) Kosovo Denisa Kostovicova 157 The Perception of the Albanians in Greece in the 1830s and '40s: The Role of the Press Elias Skoulidas 172 North American Albanian Immigration: Narratives on Political Myths Annie Lafontaine 182 Culture and the Reinvention of Myths in a Border Area Gilles de Rapper 190 Part V. MYTHS OF DEMOCRACY, DEVELOPMENT AND THE FUTURE Myths and New Forms of Governance in Albania Mariella Pandolfi 203 Youth NGOs in Albania: Civil Society Development, Local Cultural Constructions of Democracy, and Strategies of Survival at Work Nicola Mai 215 Conspiracy Theories in Albanian Politics and Media Fabian Schmidt 226