Table of contents for Born to talk : an introduction to speech and language development / Lloyd M. Hulit, Merle R. Howard.


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CHAPTER 1
 A Connection of Brains
 Separate but Related Processes
 The Unique Characteristics of Human Speech
 Speech: The Tale of Two Brains
 Review Questions
 References and Suggested Readings
CHAPTER 2
 Language Acquisition: A Theoretical Journey
 Choosing Sides
 The Behaviorist Interpretation
 The Nativist Interpretation
 The Generative Semantics Interpretation
 The Cognitive Interpretation
 The Information-Processing Interpretation
 The Pragmatics Revolution
 The Social Interactionist Interpretation
 And the Evolution Continues
 Review Questions
 References and Suggested Readings



CHAPTER 3
 Cognitive Development: Building a Foundationfor Language
 Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development
 Vygotsky's Theory of Cognitive Development:
 A Sociocultural Perspective
 The Perceptual Groundwork for Communication
 Review Questions
 References and Suggested Readings
CHAPTER 4
 In the Beginning: Communication
 Development from Birth to Two Years
 From the Beginning, the Infant Communicates
 Beyond Infancy: The Emergence of Language
 Stage 1: From Words to Combinations of Words
 Comprehension and Production: A Critical and Evolving Relationship
 The Role of the Caregiver in the Acquisition of Early Language
 Stage 1: A Brief Look Back and a Glimpse Forward
 Review Questions
 References and Suggested Readings
CHAPTER 5
 The Saga Continues: Language Development
 through the Preschool Years
 Stage 2: Elaborating Structure and Refining Meaning
 Stage 3: Producing Longer, More Adult-like Sentences
 Stage 4: Elaboration by Embedding
 Stage 5: Polishing the Act
 Understanding Language: Cognition,
 Comprehension, and Production
 Review Questions
 References and Suggested Readings
CHAPTER 6
 Taking Language to School and into Adulthood
 Bringing My Stuff to School: Pencils, Crayons, and Language
 Language Development during the School Years: An Overview



 Semantics: Vocabulary and Cognition Still Growing Together
 Syntax and Morphology: Still Expanding and Acquiring
 Pragmatic Development: Conversational Skills
 Continue to Improve
 Metalinguistic Development during the School Years
 Reading and Writing: New Applications of Language
 Language in Adulthood: Changes and Challenges
 And the Beat Goes On
 Review Questions
 References and Suggested Readings
CHAPTER 7
 The Building Blocks of Speech
 Describing Speech Sounds
 Co-Articulation: The Mix of Sounds
 in the Making of Speech
 The Landmarks of Phonological Development
 Theories of Phonological Development
 Review Questions
 References and Suggested Readings
CHAPTER 8
 Language Diversity: Regional, Social/Cultural,
 and Gender Differences
 What Is a Dialect?
 What Is an Accent?
 Regional Dialects
 Social/Cultural Dialects
 Cultural Diversity in the Public Schools
 Gender Differences in Language
 Review Questions
 References and Suggested Readings
CHAPTER 9
 Speech and Language Disorders
 Falling Short of Normal Communication
 Phonological Disorders
 Language Impairments
 


 Voice Disorders
 Fluency Disorders
 Final Thoughts
 Review Questions
 References and Suggested Readings
APPENDIX
 The Anatomical and Physiological Bases of Speech,
 Language, and Hearing
 Speech as the Product of Borrowed Structures
 The Four Processes of Speech
 Respiration
 Phonation
 Resonation
 Articulation
 The Four Processes in Review
 The Brain: The Computer Center for Speech and Language
 The Ear: An Energy Transformer
 The Complete Speech and Language Machine
 Review Questions
References and Suggested Readings
Name Index
Subject Index