Table of contents for Sharing the front line and the back hills : international protectors and providers : peacekeepers, humanitarian aid workers and the media in the midst of crisis / edited by Yael Danieli ; foreword by Kofi A. Annan, epilogue by Kenzo Oshima.


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INTRODUCTION, Yael Danieli and Youssef Mahmoud     ......               1
Voices:
Are You Still There?-Reply, Carlos Caseres ...............             6
I Lost My Life in Kuwait, Kathleen Nader ......    . .... . ......     7
Why We Have to Be There, ChristianeAmanpour ..............             8
PART I. PEACEKEEPERS
CHAPTER 1.
Peacekeepers and Peace-Builders Under Stress ................          9
Sue Downie
Voices:
An Ambush in Somalia, Shirley N. Brownell .................           21
The Evacuation Dilemma, Ian Martin .   ..................             25
Heal-Don't Forget, Mark Quarterman .................                  29
CHAPTER 2.
Studies on Military Peacekeepers ......... ..............             31
Jos M P. Weerts, Wendy White, Amy B. Adler, Carl A. Castro, Gielt Algra,
Inge Bramsen, Anja J. E. Dirkzwager, Henk M. van der Ploeg,
Maaike de Vries, and Ad Zijlmans
Voices:
Cambodia Diary, Mike Daly      ................                       49
That Feeling of Importance and Respect, Major Cheryl A. Netterfield. .. . .  50
PART II. UN AGENCIES AND PROGRAMS
Voice:
A Lifetime of Learning, Nils Arne Kastberg ..................         51
CHAPTER 3.
Caring for Staff in UNHCR .......................                     53
S0ren Jessen-Petersen



Voices:
Service Incurred, Martin Barber        ......................         61
Transformed by the Front Line, Yasmine Sherif . . . . .. .. . . .. .. .  62
CHAPTER 4.
Protecting the Protectors ..............................              64
Catherine A. Bertini
Voices:
From Wyoming to Somalia, Dale Skoric .. . . . . ..   . ... ....       68
The Worst is the Loneliness, Hiro Matsumura ................          69
The Engulfing Sound and the Silence, Rhian Gastineau ..... .......    69
We Cannot Allow Emotional Involvement, Erika MacLean . . . . . . . . . .  70
Lunch in Afghanistan, Georges Dubin ......... . . . . . .     .       71
CHAPTER 5.
Risk and Protection for UNICEF Field Staff ... . . . ......           72
Nils Arne Kastberg
CHAPTER 6.
Health Workers on the Front Line.......................               78
Xavier Leus and Hilary Bower
CHAPTER 7.
Women on the Front Lines: UNIFEM's Work to Promote Women,
Peace, and Security ............... . ..        ..................   85
Noeleen Heyzer
Voice.
Sex, Violence, Love, Loss, Hope: Men and Women in the Camps
Speak to Us, JanetAlbrecht .........................                93
CHAPTER 8.
Supporting Staff During Crisis and on the Path to Development. . . . . . . .  95
Omar Bakhet and Marie Dimond
Voices:
Healing is an Individual Process, Kathleen Cravero ..............    101
What Aid Workers and Frogs Have in Common, Marie Dimond . . . . . .  102
CHAPTER 9.
Managing Projects on the Ground . ...................... 104
Reinhart Helmke
Voices:
Humane Human Resources Management, Alicia Noeli Escursell . . . . . . .105
Perseverance Despite Adversity, Basil Comnas .....     .........     107
Voices: The Manager 's Perspective
Reason for Hope, Shashi Tharoor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .108
These Decisions Haunt Me Still, Kathleen Cravero  ..............     109



Complicity with Torture: Managing Humanitarian Assistance Under
Economic Sanctions, Haiti 1992-1994, Elizabeth D. Gibbons .......  110
Watching for the Signals, PaulE. Ares . .......... . . . . ..... 115
Nothing Prepared Me, Linda Champoux-Ares ........ . . . . .   .     120
CHAPTER 10.
Stress and Mine Action  . .  . . . . . . ..  . . ..  ..  . . . . . . . . . . .  122
Martin Barber
Voice:
An Eye Witness in Cambodia, Becky Jordan   ....    . . . . . . . ... 126
CHAPTER 11.
Handle With Care: A View from the Staff Counsellor's Office .. . . .... 128
Jean-Guy Morisset
Voices:
Separation from Families, Kim Robinson ......................       134
The Story of Somebody Who Went Out to Learn About Fear ...
Petra  Miczaika  .  . .  .  .  . .  . .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  135
CHAPTER 12.
United Nations Human Rights Field Officers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137
Ben Majekodunmi
Voice:
"You and Your People Will Never Live Here Again," Milburn Line. . . .. . 147
PART III. VOLUNTEERS
CHAPTER 13.
Eternal Vigilance .....              ........... 149
Sharon Capeling-Alakija
Voices:
Showing "Presence," Benny Ben Otim . . . . .. . . . . . . . . .  .  155
Honored to Be Able to Defend, ManualAmat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156
CHAPTER 14.
The Peace Corps Volunteer Safety Support System  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157
Michael D. O 'Neill and Elizabeth Kramer
PART IV. NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS (NGOs)
CHAPTER 15.
Precious Lives Honored to Serve . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . .      161
Kris Hurlburt
Voice:
Red Crayon, Janet Shriberg ................ ... .. ....             170



CHAPTER 16.
The Dangers of Aid Work ....................... .              .. 171
Barbara Smith
Voice:
An Unspoken Agreement, Gerald Martone .................. 177
CHAPTER 17.
Psychosocial Care for Humanitarian Aid Workers: The M6decins
Sans Frontieres Holland Experience .....................          . 179
Piet van Gelder and Reinoud van den Berkhof
Voice:
Like a Squeezed Lemon, Marc Vachon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  186
CHAPTER 18.
GOAL-A Champion of the Poor .        .. . . . . . . . . . . . .  .   188
Andrew Spearman
CHAPTER 19.
Supporting and Equipping National and International Humanitarian
Non-Governmental Organizations and Their Workers . . . . . . . . . . . . . 194
Alastair Ager, Erik Flapper, Tineke van Pietersom, and Winnifred Simon
Voice:
Being Knowledgeable Can Help Enormously, Maria Blacque-Belair . .... 201
CHAPTER 20.
Sustaining the Humanitarian Work Force: Increasing Violence,
Increasing Vulnerability           ............   ................   204
Shiela M. Platt, Milagros Bacareza, and Sonia Margallo
CHAPTER 21.
Limiting the Risks and the Vulnerability of Humanitarian Aid Workers. . . . 211
Clementine Olivier
Voices:
A Prison Without Bars, C. 0.  .............        .........         220
Yet Another Evacuation, P. C.   . . . . . . . .........              221
An Evacuation from Sierra Leone,  A. A . R  ................ 222
CHAPTER 22.
Preventing Broken Hearts, Healing Broken Minds ........   ....... 223
John Fawcett
Voice:
In God's Lap, M. R. ................... ...........                  233
CHAPTER 23.
Local Community Capacity: The Source of Renewal . . . ....    . .  . 236
Ian D. Campbell andAlison Rader



Voice:
A Family Blood Feud in Kosovo, Stevan Weine ..........   . ..    . 240
CHAPTER 24.
Mental Health of Humanitarian Aid Workers in Complex Emergencies . . . 242
Barbara Lopes Cardozo and Peter Salama
IN THE SEARCH FOR JUSTICE
CHAPTER 25.
Surviving with the Dead: Forensic Investigations in the Service of
Human Rights            ..................................          256
William D. Haglund and Susannah M. Sirkin
Voices:
A Voice for Victims, M. CherifBassiouni ...................... .. 266
My Introduction to Genocide, Ben Kiernan ................... 267
We Must Do More, B. M.    ...................           ....... 269
Prosecuting War Crimes, Minna Schrag ..................            270
Impartial Observer Drawn into Sleepless Moral Conflict, Mariana Goetz . . 271
Survivors and Observers, Priscilla B. Hayner .... .........        273
PART V. MEDIA
CHAPTER 26.
We Have a Long Way to Go ....................... 275
Chris Cramer
Voices:
Courage Isn't Enough: Learning from Other People's Mistakes,
John   Owen  .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .  .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .  281
Don't Go if You Can't Deal with the Consequences, Gary Knight. . . . . .  283
How I Learned to Live with Trauma, Josh Friedman .. . . . . .......  285
A Piece of Our Soul, Elizabeth Neuffer .... . . . . ............. 286
A Dinner by Candlelight, Bill Berkeley  .... . .  . . ......       287
Photographer or Photojournalist? John Isaac. .. . . . . . . ......... 289
Full Circle, Ron Haviv ........... . . . ... .. ..                 290
The Chance to Cry, Frank Smyth . . . . . . . . . . . ..            292
All for the Story? Paddi Clay ............... ... ......           296
Dying to Tell the Story, Kathy Eldon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  298
Working in the Third World, Beryl Goldberg .......... ... .. ..    299
Who Cares for Those Who Care? Barbara Bertoncin   .     ............  300
Personal Armor, Christine Spolar          ..........               301
War Children: The Highly Personal "Spin," Sherry Ricchiardi ........ 303
CHAPTER 27.
Journalists, War and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder . .....      . 305
Anthony Feinstein and John Owen



CHAPTER 28.
The Bridge between Sorrow and Knowledge: Journalists and
Traumatic  Stress ...... ...........       .  .  .  .  .  .  .  ...... .  316
Elana Newman
CHAPTER 29.
Centurion: Shielding Journalists and Aid Workers .. . . . . . ....... 323
Bo Mills, Paul Rees, and Gordon J. Turnbull
CHAPTER 30.
The Forgotten Tribe ......................                         331
Robert M. Frank
PART VI. CHALLENGES AND REMEDIES
CHAPTER 31.
Issues of Security in the United Nations System ..... .......  .. 336
Diana Russler and Shirley N. Brownell
CHAPTER 32.
Psychological Debriefing .....   .......................           343
Beverley Raphael and Robert J. Ursano
CHAPTER 33.
Humanitarianism at Risk: From Threatened Aid Workers to
Self-Deceiving Organizations  ..........................           353
Mark Walkup
CHAPTER 34.
Training for Humanitarian Assistance .................. 360
Kevin M. Cahill
CHAPTER 35.
An Attempt at a Legal Remedy: The Convention on the Safety of
United Nations and Associated Personnel  ............              365
M.-Christiane Bourloyannis- Vrailas
CHAPTER 36.
A Call for an Accountability Campaign ..................... 374
Arthur C. Helton
Voice:
Some Principles of Self Healing, YaelDanieli .................     379
CONCLUSION, YaelDanieli ......................... 381
EPILOGUE, Kenzo Oshima, Under-Secretary-Generalfor Humanitarian
Affairs and Emergency Relief Co-ordinator ........ ......... 391








Library of Congress subject headings for this publication: Humanitarian assistance, International relief, Peacekeeping forces