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Preface ix Acknowledgements xvii Remarks on the Development of the Lorentz and Poincare Invariance xxi Part I. Theoretical Implications of Lorentz and Poincare Invariance 1 1. The Dawn of Lorentz and Poincare Invariance (1887-1905) 3 First Proposal of the Universal Speed of Light by Voigt in 1887 4 A. Ernst and J.-P. Hsu The Ether and the Earth's Atmosphere 25 G. F. FitzGerald General Problem of Moving Matter Treated in Relation to the Individual Molecules 27 J. Larmor Moving Material System: Approximation Carried to the Second Order (Extract) 39 J. Larmor In Pursuit of the Electrodynamics for Moving Bodies 43 J.-P. Hsu and T. Kleinschmidt 2. Special Relativity and its 4-Dimensional Symmetry (1904-1908) 55 Electromagnetic Phenomena in a System Moving with any Velocity less than that )f Light (Extract) 56 H. A. Lorentz Poincar6's Rendiconti Paper on Relativity. Part I 76 H. M. Schwartz On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies 116 A. Einstein The Principle of Relativity and the Fundamental Equations of Mechanics 143 M. Planck Space and Time 147 H. Minkowski The Theory of Relativity and Science (Extract) 162 W. Pauli Einstein's First Paper on Relativity 164 H. M. Schwartz On the Origins of the Special Theory of Relativity (Extract) 183 G. Holton 3. Inquiries Regarding the Constancy of the Speed of Light (1908-1910) 193 The Postulate of the Constancy of the Speed of Light. Ritz's and Related Theories (Extract) 194 W. Pauli Critical Researches on General Electrodynamics (Extract) 196 W. Ritz 4. Extended Relativity and its 4-Dimensional Symmetry (1928-1997) 217 The Philosophy of Space and Time: Simultaneity (Extract) 218 H. Reichenbach Special Relativity in Anisotropic Space 226 W. F. Edwards Four-Dimensional Symmetry of Taiji Relativity and Coordinate Transformation Based on a Weaker Postulate for the Speed of Light. - I 243 L. Hsu, J.-P. Hsu and D. A. Schneble Four-Dimensional Symmetry of Taiji Relativity and Coordinate Transformation Based on a Weaker Postulate for the Speed of Light. - II 258 J.-P. Hsu and L. Hsu 5. The Splendid Union of Special Relativity and Quantum Mechanics (1927-1949) 273 The Quantum Theory of the Emission and Absorption of Radiation 274 P. A. M. Dirac The Quantum Theory of the Electron 297 P. A. M. Dirac The Radiation Theories of Tomonaga, Schwinger, and Feynman 316 (with commentary) F. J. Dyson 6. The Lorentz and Poincar6 Groups and Their Implications (1939...) 337 Symmetries, Quantum Lorentz Transformation and the Poincar6 Algebra 338 S. Weinberg Lorentz Group in Feynman's World -Wigner's Little Groups and Their Applications 351 Y. S. Kim and M. E. Noz 7. The Isotropy of the Speed of Light c: A Convenient Assumption (1963-1995) 377 Test Theories of Special Relativity 378 Y. Z. Zhang 8. Common Relativity and its 4-Dimensional Symmetry (1976-1983) 397 Common Time in a Four-Dimensional Symmetry Framework 398 J.-P. Hsu and T. N. Sherry Questions on Universal Constants and Four-Dimensional Symmetry from a Broad Viewpoint - I 418 J.-P. Hsu News and Views (Extract) 434 (On Common Time and Common Relativity) Nature Editorial 9. The Aether and Relativistic Quantum Fields (-1970....) 437 Is There an Aether? 438 P. A. M. Dirac Vacuum as the Source of Asymmetry 441 T. D. Lee The New Ether 453 J. D. Bjorken 10. The Logically Simplest Theory of Relativity and its 4-Dimensional Symmetry (1990-1994) 469 Can One Derive the Lorentz Transformation from Precision Experiments? 470 L. Hsu A Physical Theory Based Solely on the First Postulate of Relativity 494 J.-P. Hsu and L. Hsu Part II. Experiments for Lorentz and Poincare Invariance 507 11. The Fizeau Experiment 509 12. The Michelson-Morley Experiment 513 13. The Wilson-Wilson Experiment 521 14. The Kennedy-Thordike Experiment 527 15. The Ives-Stilwell Experiment 531 16. The Observation of the Muon Lifetime Dilation 537 17. "Experimental Tests" of the Second Postulate of Special Relativity 541 18. The Mass-Velocity Relation Experiment 549 19. The Mass-Energy Relation Experiment 555 20. The Thomas Precession Experiment 561 Appendices 567 A. Woldemar Voigt (1850-1919) 568 Von C. Runge B. George Francis FitzGerald (1851-1901) 570 J.-P. Hsu C. Abbreviated Biographical Sketch of Walter Ritz (1878-1909) 572 R. S. Fritzius D. Hans Reichenbach (1891-1953): Principal Dates 574 M. Reichenbach E. The Most General Linear-Acceleration Transformation of 575 Spacetime Based on Limiting 4-Dimensional Symmetry J.-P. Hsu