Table of contents for Power electronics handbook / editor-in-chief, Muhammad H. Rashid.


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1 Introduction Philip Krein ..............  .....................................
1.1  Power Electronics Defined  ....... . ..............................................
1.2  Key Characteristics  .............  ........... ......... .......................
1.3 Trends in Power Supplies ............................................
1.4 Conversion Examples ...................... .......  ...................
1.5 Tools For Analysis and Design ...................................................
1.6 Summary ..........  ....................       .................
2  The  Power Diode   Ali I. Maswood  ........................ .........................
2.1  Diode as a Switch  ..............................              .   .  .   .. . ....
2.2 Some Properties of PN Junction ................................................
2.3 Common Diode Types ..........................................................
2.4 Typical Diode Ratings ..................                .................
2.5  Snubber Circuits for Diode  .................................................
2.6  Series and Parallel Connection of Power Diodes.............. ... ........  ............
2.7  Typical Applications  of Diodes  ....................................................
2.8 Standard Datasheet for Diode Selection .... ... ...........................
3 Thyristors Jerry Hudgins, Enrico Santi, Antonio Caiafa, Katherine Lengel, and Patrick R. Palmer...........
3.1  Introduction  .... ............................................................
3.2 Basic Structure and Operation ..................................................
3.3  Static   Characteristics  ...........................................................
3.4  Dynamic Switching Characteristics................... .. .........................
3.5  Thyristor  Param eters  ...........................................................
3.6  Types  of Thyristors  ............................................................
3.7 Gate Drive Requirements ................. . ................... .........
3.8 PSpice Model ..........................................................
3.9  Applications  ........................... ................................
4 Gate Turn-Off Thyristors Muhammad H. Rashid ..........................................
4.1  Introduction  ... ... ................................ .... ........... .........
4.2 Basic Structure and Operation.............................................
4.3 GTO Thyristor Models ..................... ................................
4.4  Static Characteristics ...........................................................
4.5 Switching Phases ............................................................
4.6 SPICE GTO Model .........................................................
4.7  Applications  ...................................... ...........................



5 Power Bipolar Transistors Marcelo Godoy Simbes ....................................
5.1 Introduction ..........................................................
5.2 Basic Structure and Operation ....................................
5.3 Static Characteristics ......................................  : 
5.4 Dynamic Switching Characteristics .........................................
5.5 Transistor Base Drive Applications  .......................................
5.6 SPICE Simulation of Bipolar Junction Transistors ......
5.7 BJT Applications ........................................................
6 The Power MOSFET Issa Batarseh .........................
6.1 Introduction ......... ............................................
6.2 The Need for Switching in Power Electronic Circuits ...............................
6.3 General Switching Characteristics ..........................................
6.4 The Power MOSFET .....................................................
6.5 MOSFET Structure .....................................................
6.6 MOSFET Regions of Operationi ...................... ....................
6.7 MOSFET PSPICE Model ............................................... 
6.8 Comparison of Power Devices .........................
6.9 Future Trends in Power Devices ........................... ...............
7 Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor S. Abedinpour and K. Shenai  .............
7.1 Introduction ..........................................................
7.2 Basic Structure and Operation ............... ...............................
7.3 Static Characteristics ................... ...........................
7.4 Dynamic Switching Characteristics .........................................
7.5 IGBT Performance Parameters .............  ......................
7.6 Gate-Drive Requirements ................................  ...... ........
7.7 Circuit Models       ........................... ...................
7.8 Applications .........................................................
8 MOS Controlled Thyristors (MCTs) S. Yuvarajan ...................................
8.1 Introduction ..........................................................
8.2 Equivalent Circuit and Switching Characteristics ................................
8.3 Comparison of MCT and Other Power Devices ...................................
8.4 Gate Drive for MCTs ....................................................
8.5 Protection of MCTs ......................................................
8.6 Simulation Model of an MCT ..............................................
8.7 Generation-1 and Generation-2 MCTs .........................................
8.8 N-channel MCT .......................................................
8.9 Base Resistance-Controlled Thyristor [14].  .........................
8.10  MOS Turn-Off Thyristor [15] ................. . ...... . . . .  .. ......  .  .  .   . . . .....
8.11 Applications of PMCT   ..    .....    ..................
8.12 Conclusions ................................... .......................
8.13 Appendix .............................................................
9 Static Induction Devices Bogdan M. Wilamowski ................................
9.1 Introduction ................................ ..    .................
9.2 Theory of Static Induction Devices  ..................................
9.3 Characteristics of Static Induction Transistor....................................
9.4 Bipolar Mode Operation of SI Devices (BSIT) ...................................
9.5 Emitters for Static Induction Devices ..........................................
9.6 Static Induction Diode (SID) ...............................................
9.7 Lateral Punch-Through Transistor (LPTT) ......................................
9.8 Static Induction Transistor Logic (SITL) .....................................
9.9 BJT Saturation Protected by SIT ...........................................
9.10 Static Induction MOS Transistor'(SIMOS) ......................................



9.11 Space-Charge Limiting Load (SCLL). ...  .................................. ....
9.12  Power MOS Transistors  ...................................................
9.13 Static Induction Thyristor ..................................................
9.14 Gate Turn-Off Thyristor (GTO) .........·  .................... ..............
10 Diode Rectifiers Yim-Shu Lee and Martin H. L. Chow ....... ........  .........
10.1  Introduction  ..........................................................
10.2 Single-Phase Diode Rectifiers ......... ...................................
10.3  Three-Phase Diode Rectifiers ........................... .................
10.4 Poly-Phase Diode Rectifiers ......................
10.5 Filtering Systems in Rectifier Circuits ..................................
10.6 High-Frequency Diode Rectifier Circuits ......................................
11 Single-Phase Controlled Rectifiers Jose Rodriguez and Alejandro Weinstein ... ................
11.1 Line Commutated Single-Phase Controlled Rectifiers..............................
11.2 Unity Power Factor Single-Phase Rectifiers.....................................
12 Three-Phase Controlled Rectifiers Juan W. Dixon ..................................
12.1   Introduction  .............. ...........................................
12.2 Line-Commutated Controlled Rectifiers .......................................
12.3 Force-Commutated Three-Phase Controlled Rectifiers ..................... ......
13 DC-DC Converters Dariusz Czarkowski ...................................
13.1  Introduction  ................................. .........................
13.2 DC Choppers ........................   .........................
13.3 Step-Down (Buck) Converter  ...... ..............................
13.4 Step-Up (Boost) Converter .............................................
13.5  Buck-Boost Converter ........................ ...  ............... .
13.6 Cuk Converter ........ ...........................
13.7  Effects of Parasitics  ........ .........................................
13.8 Synchronous and Bidirectional Converters............................
13.9 Control Principles ..............................     ...............
13.10 Applications of DC-DC Converters ....................................
14 Inverters Jos R. Espinoza .................. ...............................
14.1 Introduction ..........................................
14.2  Single-Phase Voltage Source Inverters .........................................
14.3  Three-Phase Voltage Source Inverters  .........................................
14.4  Current Source Inverters  ..............................................
14.5 Closed-Loop Operation of Inverters ..........................................
14.6 Regeneration in Inverters ..... ....................
14.7  Multistage Inverters ....................................................
14.8  Acknowledgments .....................................................
15 Resonant and Soft-Switching Converters S. Y. (Ron) Hui and Henry S. H. Chung ............
15.1  Introduction  .........................................................
15.2  Classification  .......................................................
15.3  Resonant Switch  ..................  ...................................
15.4  Quasi-Resonant Converters ...............................................
15.5  ZVS in High-Frequency Applications .......................................
15.6 Multiresonant Converters (MRC) ........................................
15.7 Zero-Voltage-Transition (ZVT) Converters  ...................................
15.8 Nondissipative Active Clamp Network. .....................................
15.9  Load Resonant Converters  ............ .................................
15.10 Control Circuits for Resonant Converters ..................................
15.11 Extended-Period Quasi-Resonant (EP-QR) Converters .............................
15.12 Soft-Switching and EMI Suppression. ......................................
15.13 Snubbers and Soft-Switching for High Power Devices .............................



15.14 Soft-Switching DC-AC Power Inverters  .........................................
16 AC-AC Converters Ajit K. Chattopadhyay ..........................................
16.1 Introduction .....................................................
16.2  Single-Phase AC/AC Voltage Controller ........................... ..........
16.3 Three-Phase AC/AC Voltage Controllers  ....................................
16.4  Cycloconverters .  .............. .......................... .... ........
16.5  Matrix Converter .......................................................
16.6 Applications of AC/AC Converters ...........................................
17 DC/DC Conversion Technique and Nine Series LUO-Converters Il/ui l1i/ .Io, I ong Yc,
and  M uhamm ad  H. Rashid  .......................... .. .....................
17.1 Introduction ...........................................................
17.2  Positive Ouput Luo-Converters ..............................................
17.3  Negative  Ouput Luo-Converters  ...........................................
17.4  Double Output Luo-Converters  ............................................
17.5  Multiple-Quadrant Operating lIuo-( olvcrlers ....................................
17.6  Switched-Capacitor Mulliqluadrant li o-(Inverters ... ................. ............
17.7  Switched-Inductor M utiq ladrnt I,ulo-(  vc s  .................................
17.8 Multiquadrant Z( S Q(iasi-Rcsolnant IL.io-Convcrters l............................
17.9  Multiquadrant /\S (Qu) si-Resonat l.uo-Converters  .......... ...................
17.10  Synchronous  Rec ilier  /o-Converters  ...................................
17.11  Gate Control,  o-cso                             . ...............................................
17.12 Applications . .....................................................
18 Gate Drive Circuits M. Syc 1. Asg ............................................
18.1  Introductlio   .           ....................................... ..
18.2 Thyristor (I;ale lequirements  ...............................................
18.3  Trigger Cir-cuis lo  'I'Tlhyr-istors .......................... ..............
18.4  Simiple (.t;le  rig lr C(ilruits  i1 Tlivl-isiol-s .. ...................................
18.5  Drivers for (alte (Coninultlalioll Switchcs  ................... ................
18.6 Some Pralctical I)river (:ircuils.  ................................... ........
19  Control Methods for Power Converters  i. I'crnltulo Silva ...............................
19.1 Introduction  .........................................................
19.2  Power Converter Control using Sllc -Spl,kc  Av\\irgei( d N\lo ls .........................
19.3  Sliding-Mode Control of Power C(onverlers .....................................
19.4  Fuzzy Logic Control of Power (Convcrtrs .......................................
19.5 Conclusions     ....................................................
20 Power Supplies Y. M. Lai....................................................
20.1  Introduction  . .... . ..... ..............................................
20.2  Linear Series Voltage Regulator ..............................................
20.3 Linear Shunt Voltage Regulator ............................................
20.4  Integrated Circuit Voltage Regulators .........................................
20.5  Switching Regulators ...................................................
21  Electronic Ballasts  J. Marcos Alonso ..............................................
21.1  Introduction ................. ............................ ............
21.2  High-Frequency Supply of Discharge Lamps .....................................
21.3  Discharge  Lam p  M odeling  .................................................
21.4  Resonant Inverters for Electronic Ballasts  .......................................
21.5  High-Power-Factor Electronic Ballasts  ........................... . ..........
21.6  Applications ...........................................................
22 Power Electronics in Capacitor Charging Applications R. Mark Nelms .....................
22.1 Introduction ...........................................................
22.2 High-Voltage dc Power Supply with Charging Resistor ......... .....................



22.3  Resonance Charging  ........................................................
22.4 Switching Converters .......................................................
23 Power Electronics for Renewable Energy Sources C. V. Nayar, S. M. Islam, and Hari Sharma ........
23.1   Introduction  ............................................... ..............
23.2 Power Electronics for Photovoltaic Power Systems ...........
23.3 Power Electronics for Wind Power Systems  . .......................................
24  HVDC   Transmission   Vijay K. Sood  ................................................
24.1 Introduction ............................              ..................
24.2 Main Components of HVDC Converter Station ...............................
24.3  Analysis of Converter Bridges .......................... .....................
24.4 Controls and Protection .....................................................
24.5  MTDC  Operation  .........................................................
24.6  Applications ............................................................
24.7  Modern  Trends  ..................... ................. . ..................
24.8  DC System  Simulation Techniques .............................. ..............
24.9  Conclusion  ..............................................................
25 Multilevel Converters and VAR Compensation Azeddine Draou, Mustapha Benghanem, and All Tahri ..
25.1  Introduction ...............................................
25.2 Reactive Power Phenomena and Their Compesation   ............................
25.3 Modeling and Analysis of an Advanced Static VAR Compensator .........................
25.4 Static VAR Compensator for the Improvement of Stability of a Turbo Alternator .............
25.5 Multilevel Inverters  .................................................
25.6 The Harmonics Elimination Method for a Three-Level Inverter ..........................
25.7 Three-Level ASVC Structure Connected to the Network ...............................
26 Drive Types and Specifications Yahya Shakweh ...... ......................
26.1 Overview  ...................   ........................................
26.2  Drive Requirements and Specifications ...........................................
26.3 Drive Classifications and Characteristics ..........................................
26.4 Load Profiles and Characteristics ............................................
26.5 Variable-Speed Drive Topologies...............................................
26.6  PW M   VSI  Drive  ..........................................................
26.7  Applications  .................................. ............. ..... ........
26.8 Summary ..   ...........              ................................
27 Motor Drives M. F. Rahman, D. Patterson, A. Cheok, and R. Betts ............................
27.1 Introduction ..................................  .......................
27.2 DC Motor Drives. ...............................
27.3 Induction Motor Drives ......................... .........................
27.4 Synchronous Motor Drives ..............................................
27.5 Permanent Magnet ac Synchronous Motor Drives .. ..............................
27.6 Permanent-Magnet Brushless dc (BLDC) Motor Drives .............. ..............
27.7  Servo Drives .............................................................
27.8 Stepper Motor Drives .......................................................
27.9 Switched-Reluctance Motor Drives ...........................................
27.10 Synchronous Reluctance Motor Drives ... . .. ................
28 Sensorless Vector and Direct-Torque-Controlled Drives Peter Vas and Pekka Tiitinen  ..............
28.1   General  ................................................................
28.2 Basic Types of Torque-Controlled Drive Schemes: Vector Drives, Direct-Torque-Controlled Drives. .
28.3 Motion Control DSPS by Texas Instruments .......................................
29 Artificial-Intelligence-Based Drives Peter Vas .........................................
29.1 General Aspects of the Application of AI-Based Techniques ............................
29.2  AI-Based Techniques........................................................



29.3 AI Applications in Electrical Machines and Drives ......................................
29.4 Industrial Applications of AI in Drives by Hitachi, Yaskawa, Texas Instruments and SGS Thomson .....
29.5 Application of Neural-Network-Based Speed Estimators ..................................
30 Fuzzy Logic in Electric Drives Ahmed Rubaai .....................................
30.1 Introduction  ..............................................................
30.2  The Fuzzy Logic Concept .......................................................
30.3 Applications of Fuzzy Logic to Electric Drives ........................
30.4 Hardware System Description .................................................
30.5 Conclusion ...  ........................................................
31 Automotive Applications of Power Electronics David J. Perreault, Khurram K. Afridi, and Iftikhar A. Khan. .
31.1 Introduction ................................................................
31.2 The Present Automotive Electrical Power System ......................................
31.3 System Environment ...................                   ..  ............
31.4 Functions Enabled by Power Electronics .. . . .... ....................
31.5 Multiplexed Load Control ........................................................................
31.6 Electromechanical Power Conversion  .................... ..................
31.7 Dual/High-Voltage Automotive Electrical System .............................
31.8  Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicles ............................. ...............
31.9 Summary ................................................................
32 Power Quality S. Mark Halpin and Angela Card.................... ..................
32.1 Introduction ...............................................................
32.2  Pow er   Q uality  . ...........................................................
32.3 Reactive Power and Harmonic Compensation ....................................
32.4  IEEE  Standards  ... ...................................... ... ...........
32.5 Conclusions ..........                                 ....................
33 Active Filters Luis Moran and Juan Dixon ...... .......................................
33.1 Introduction ..............................................................
33.2  Types of Active Power Filters  ...................................................
33.3  Shunt Active  Power Filters  ....................................................
33.4  Series Active  Power Filters  ....................................................
34 Computer Simulation of Power Electronics and Motor Drives Michael Giesselmann .............
34.1 Introduction. ..............................................................
34.2 Use of Simulation Tools for Design and Analysis  ............. ..............
34.3 Simulation of Power Electronics Circuits with PSpice  ............... ...........
34.4 Simulations of Power Electronic Circuits and Electric Machines .....................
34.5 Simulations of ac Induction Machines using Field Oriented (Vector) Control ..................
34.6 Simulation of Sensorless Vector Control Using PSpice' Release 9 .....................
34.7 Simulations Usiiig Simplorer...
34.7 Simulations Using Simplorer® ...................................................
34.8 Conclusions  ....................................................
35 Packaging and Smart Power Systems Douglas C. Hopkins................................
35.1 Introduction .............................................
35.2 Background ................................
35.3 Functional Integration ..........                                      ....
35.4  Assessing Partitioning Technologies ......................... ......... .... ....
35.5 Full-Cost Model [5]. . .................................................
35.6 Partitioning Approach . . .    ................................
35.7 Example 2.2 kW Motor Drive Design .............................................
35.8 Acknowledgment ......................................................
Index                 ...........................................................................








Library of Congress subject headings for this publication: Power electronics Encyclopedias