Table of contents for Changing by degrees : the potential impacts of climate change in the East Midlands / Simon Shackley . [et al.].


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1 What is the Purpose of the Study
2 What is Climate Change
Climate Change - An Introduction
Progress with Climate Change at the International Level
Progress with Climate Change at the National Level
The Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research
The UK Climate Impacts Programme
References
3 Characterisation of the East Midlands
Overview
The Physical Context
Sub Areas
Infrastructure
Economy
Overview
Agriculture
Tourism and Leisure
Energy
Social Conditions
Population
Social Deprivation
Housing
Natural Environment
Biodiversity
Water
Air Quality
Land Use
Woodland and Forestry
Cultural Heritage



The Environment Agency's East Midlands Local Environment
Agency Plans (LEAPs)
Conclusions
References
4 Regional Climate Change Scenarios for the East Midlands
Summary
Observed Trends in Environmental Parameters
Future Climate Scenariosfor the East Midlandsfrom
UKCIP98
Comparison of Regional Climate Change Scenarios
Observed Trends in Environmental Parameters
Historic Trends in Temperature
Historic Trends in Precipitation and Gales
Historic Trends in Evaporation and Humidity
Historic Trends in River Flow
Historic Trends in Sea Level
Historic Trends in Water Quality
Future Climate Scenarios for the East Midlands
UKCIP98 Scenarios
Climate Change Analogues
Regional Climate Model Scenario
Statistically Downscaled Scenarios
Statistical Downscaling (SDS) Compared
with Raw HadCM2 (GCM)
Concluding Remarks
Recommendations for Future Research
Acknowledgement
References
5 Potential Impacts of Climate Change in the East Midlands
Introduction
Classification of Impact Domains
Sectors/Systems
Agriculture and Horticulture
Forestry
Water Resources and Flooding
Biodiversity
Cultural Heritage
Leisure and Tourism
Transport
The Impact of Climate Change upon the Built Environment
Manufacturing/Services and Retail
Insurance
Public Health
Energy
Coastal Zone
Summnary
References
 East Midlands' Stakeholder Perceptions of Climate Change
Results of the Postal Questionnaire and Analysis
How Important is Climate Change in Relation to Other
Key Issues?
The Impacts of Particular Types of Climate Change
The Impacts of One Climate Change Scenario upon
Twenty Sectors
Greenhouse Gas Emission Reductions
Differences between Business and Non-Business Responses
Commentary on the Questionnaire
Summary
Results from a Set of Five Workshops
Highlightsfrom the Environment Agency Workshop
Highlightsfrom Buxton Workshop
Highlightsfrom Nottingham Workshop
Highlightsfrom Skegness Workshop
Highlightsfrom Workshop in Northampton
Discussion and Analysis of Workshops
Conclusions
References
7 Greenhouse Gas Inventory
Summary
Introduction
Greenhouse Gas Emissions Data
Emissions Estimation Methods
Data Used in Determining Emissions
Uncertainty
Monitoring Future Emissions
Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Source
Combustion in Energy Production and Transformation
Combustion in Commercial, Public, Residential and
Agricultural Sectors



Combustion in industry
Production Processes
Extraction/Distribution of Fossil Fuels
Road Transport
Other Transport and Mobile Machinery
Waste Treatment and Disposal
Agriculture, Forestry and Land Use Change
Other Industrial Sources
East Midlands Initiatives to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions
Future Activities and Opportunities
Conclusions and Recommendations
Conclusions
Recommendations
References
8 Responding to Climate Change and Conclusions
Introduction
Organisational and Company Responses to Climate Change Impacts
The Concept of Climate Change Headroom
What are the Key Strategic Processes in the East Midlands that
Should be Considering the Potential Impacts of Climate Change?
What Indicators Should be Used for Climate Change?
Climate Change Targets
Future Research Requirements
References
Appendix 1 Questionnaire: The Impacts of Climate Change
in the East Midlands
Appendix 2 Notes on Buxton Stakeholder Workshop
Appendix 3 Notes on Nottingham Stakeholder Workshop
Appendix 4 Notes on Skegness Stakeholder Workshop
Appendix S Notes on Northampton Stakeholder Workshop