Table of contents for Blogs / Sylvia Engdahl, book editor.

Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog.

Note: Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication provided by the publisher. Contents may have variations from the printed book or be incomplete or contain other coding.


Counter
Contents
Foreword
Introduction
Chapter 1: Are Blogs of Value to the Public?
Chapter Preface
Yes: Blogs Serve the Public in Ways Conventional Media
Do Not
Blogs Have the Power to Expose Frauds
Hugh Hewitt
Bloggers detected and exposed the forgery of documents presented by
CBS news anchor Dan Rather as genuine, destroying his credibility.
Blogs Give Citizens a Platform
Richard A. Posner
The blogosphere poses a threat to mainstream media because of the
rapidity with which it spread news and, collectively, corrects errors, as well
as because it provides what consumers want instead of what professional
journalists think they should want.
Blogs Keep Watch Over Mainstream Media
Daniel W. Drezner and Henry Powell
Blogs are influential not only because of their content, but because
they provide a focal point for the news and set the agenda for mainstream
media coverage.
Blogs Provide Firsthand Information About the War in Iraq
Nikki Schwab
Much information about the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan comes from
soldiers’ military blogs, some of which are shaping public
opinion.
Blogs Are Changing the Status Quo in China
Sarah Schafer and Duncan Hewitt
In China, where the press is not free, there are now so many bloggers
that the government cannot suppress them; therefore they have become the new
mainstream for disseminating information and opinion.
No: Blogs Offer Nothing Important to the Public at
Large
Amateur Journalists’ Blogs Spread Misinformation
Andrew Keen
Citizen journalists have neither the ability nor the resources to
provide reliable news reports, and they are not held accountable for their
work. The public is better served by professionals than by amateurs.
Most Blogs Reach Only Small, Specialized Audiences
Nicholas Lemann
The mainstream media were never as monolithically influential as blog
enthusiasts believe, and what bloggers are producing does not live up to the
claims made for it, besides reaching only relatively small
audiences.
Blogging Results in Instant Obsolecence
Trevor Butterworth
Blogs have produced fragmentation of society rather than democracy,
and most of what is written in them cannot be taken seriously because there is
too much of it, produced too hurriedly. Talented writers need time to create
work of enduring significance.
Chapter 2: Do Blogs Have Significant Impact on American
Politics?
Overview: Political Blogging Has Entered the Mainstream
Laura Gordon-Murnane
Dynamic, exciting blogging is now playing an active role in American
politics.
Yes: Blogs Have Become Indispensable to Political
Campaigns
Blogging Is a Major Development in the Future of Politics
Biz Stone
Bloggers of all political persuasions agree that blogging is a
powerful force in politics. It forces professional journalists to follow
stories that bloggers will not let lie.
Blogs Are a Critical Part of Political Commentary
Carla Marinucci
Political parties and candidates now understand that blogs will be an
important part of the commentary on the next election and that they will
influence campaign strategy.
The Future Will Not Be Unblogged
David D. Perlmutter
It is too soon to know whether blogs will affect the outcome of the
2008 election, but they will certainly play a role in public debates and in
people’s perceptions of candidates.
No: Blogs Do Not Affect the Outcome of
Elections
Blogs Lack the Depth of Print Journalism
George Packer
The blogosphere is detached from the real world. Blogs are too
fragmentary and too lacking in depth to have political significance.
Specific Blogs Reach Only Small Segments of the Population
Byron York
Even if a million people read a particular blog, they may be the same
million whose minds were already made up on the basis of other media—and
it takes 60 million to elect a president.
Chapter 3: How Are Blogs Affecting American Culture?
Overview: The Impact of Blogging
Robbie Allen
People of all backgrounds, interests, and biases now contribute to
the global discourse on human affairs.
Blogging Empowers Individuals
David Kline
Blogs contribute to a democratic society by giving a voice to people
who had none in the past. Even those who are not political find meaning and
purpose in their personal lives through documenting their
experiences.
Blogging Has Replaced the Common Culture with Subcultures
Terry Teachout
Americans were once united by a common culture that no longer exists,
now that people tend to read blogs that reflect their own views rather than
relying on news from a few major media.
Blogs Provide Response to Community Issues
Craig Colgan
Commenting on blogs maintained by administrators and teachers is a
popular and effective way for people to respond to school incidents and other
community issues. But some schools are reluctant to use them.
Doctors Use Blogs to Help Patients
Mitchell L. Cohen
Some doctors use blogs to provide information to their patients, and
blogging is also being done by patients in support groups.
Amateur Detectives Use Blogs to Investigate Crime
Laura Bauer
People who feel powerless in the face of crime are finding an outlet
in keeping up with detailed reports of current crimes posted on blogs. Though
many of these reports are inaccurate, bloggers do sometimes uncover
information of value to the police.
Chapter 4: What Ethical and Legal Issues Are Raised by
Blogs?
Overview: Bloggers Disagree About a Proposed Code of Conduct
Heather Haverstein
A code of conduct to promote civility in blogging has been proposed,
but some bloggers view it as a restriction on free speech.
Sexual Threats Stifle Some Female Bloggers
Ellen Nakashima
Some female bloggers have been harassed and threatened so much that
they have become afraid to blog.
Blogs Are Used for Personal Attacks and Smear Campaigns
Daniel Lyons
When individuals or businesses are defamed by bloggers their
reputations can be permanently destroyed. There is often no way even to
determine the identity of the attackers, let alone stop them.
Blogging May Lead to a Change in Libel Laws
Laura Parker
Lawsuits are being brought against bloggers who libel others. The
time is coming when they will no longer be considered judgment-proof because
they are not rich.
Academic Freedom in Faculty Blogs Is Sometimes Questioned
Dina M. Horwede
Academic freedom does not always extend to blogging, and faculty
members have been fired for what they have said in blogs. The constitutional
right to free speech bars only suppression by the government, not private
employers.
Free Speech in Blogs May Be Restricted by Employers
Jonathan A. Segal
Employers should be careful about attempting to restrict the blogging
of employees on their own time. Although in many cases it is legal to do so,
it may be unwise.
Students Have the Right to Blog
Electronic Frontier Foundation
Students generally have the right to express their opinions in
off-campus blogs, but there are rules that must be followed to avoid trouble
with school authorities.
Blogs Can Be Used as Evidence in Court Cases
Chris W. McCarty
Lawyers are not taking advantage of the evidence available in blogs,
which can be used in various ways even if it is not directly
admissible.
There Should Be Rules when Bloggers Are Paid for Endorsement
J. D. Lasica
Advertising is becoming common in blogs, and the rules are different
from those followed by mainstream media. Bloggers who have commercial
connections should not call themselves journalists, as journalists never
accept money from sources.
Bibliography
Web Resources
Index

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Blogs -- Social aspects -- United States -- Juvenile literature.
Blogs -- Political aspects -- United States -- Juvenile literature.
Online journalism -- United States -- Juvenile literature.
Freedom of speech -- United States -- Juvenile literature.
Blogs -- Moral and ethical aspects -- United States -- Juvenile literature.